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1 evsjv ` ki kög cwiw wz I kög A_ bxwz 2017 Promoting Safety, Enforcing Rights mbdwu GÛ ivbum mvmvbwu

2 evsjv ` ki kög cwiw wz I kög A_ bxwz 2017 Promoting Safety, Enforcing Rights mbdwu GÛ ivbum mvmvbwu 1

3 evsjv ` ki kög cwiw wz I kög A_ bxwz 2017 mskjb, m úv`bv I cökvkbv mbdwu GÛ ivbum mvmvbwu (GmAviGm) 14/23 evei ivw (5g Zjv) eøk-we, gvnv `cyi, XvKv-1207 dvb: , B- gbj : I qemvbu : cökvkkvj Rvbyqvwi 2018 ^Z mbdwu GÛ ivbum mvmvbwu (GmAviGm) `vg 100 UvKv The State of labor rights and labor economy of Bangladesh 2017 Documentation, Editing and Publication Safety and Rights Society (SRS) 14/23 Babor Road (4 th floor), Block B Mohammadpur, Dhaka 1207 Tel: Mobile: Web: Date of Publication January 2018 Price 100 Tk. Copyright Safety and Rights Society (SRS) ISBN:

4 m~wp mbdwu GÛ ivbum-gi e³e 5 1. evsjv ` ki kög cwiw wz: RbmsL v I Kg ms vb wpî: wkwÿz `i gv S ekvi Z i nvi AwaK kög A_ bxwzi MwZ cök wz: köwgk `i grywi eâbv I RvZxq m ú ` wnm v n«vm LvZwfwËK ch v jvpbv: Mv g Um, cöevmx, Pv, wbgv Y, cv_i I BU fv½v köwgk kög Av `vjb 2017: `ywu Km vww kög I Kg ms vb LvZ: RvZxq ev RU ch v jvpbv kögrxex `i ckvmz ^v I wbivcëv wpî bvix köwgk : hvzvqv Z wbivcëv msku I grywi ˆelg `kry o `wjz kögrxex: cwiw wz AcwiewZ Z K wl kögrxex `i AmnvqZ : nvi i euva fv½vrwbz msku kög AvBb ms kvab D ` vm : M nköwgk I K wlköwgk `i AšÍfz ³ Kivi `vwe UªW BDwbqb AwaKvi: PP v, evav I wezk U úv Kv `yn Ubv: ekviz Nv Pwb PvKzwi nviv bv köwgk `i mvÿvrkvi : köwgk bzv, Kj-KviLvbv I cöwzôvb cwi`k K, AvBbRxex mgmö cöwz e` bi Bs iwr mswÿßmvi 64 3

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6 mbdwu GÛ ivbum-gi e³e...wkí A_ bxwzi wek cwigû ji Askx`vi evsjv `ki... mvaviyfv e evsjv ` ki kögrxex `i AwaKvi wel q Ges we klfv e Zv `i ckvmz ^v I wbivcëv wel q MZ cövq GK `kk a i KvR Ki Q mbdwu GÛ ivbum kög wel q M elyv, köwgk `i AvBbMZ mnvqzv `qv, köwgk `i gv S ckvmz ^v I AwaKvi wel q m PZbZv M o Zvjv, köglv Zi `yn Ubv I ÿwzc~iy wel q Z_ mskjb, ÿwzc~iy cviqvi ÿ Î köwgk `i mvnvh Kiv Ges köwgk ^v _ ewa Z ev RU eiv Ïi Rb RvZxq cwim i cöpvi Av `vj bi cvkvcvwk mbdwu GÛ ivbum-gi me kl GKwU D ` vm n jv kög wel q GB evrmwik cöwz e`b cökvk GB cöwz e`b GLb _ K cöwz eqi cökv ki B Qv i q Q Avgv `i cöwz Rvbyqvwi Z GB cöwz e`b cökvwkz n e Gi jÿ n jv, ` ki kög A_ bxwzi MwZcÖK wz m ú K GKwU nvjbvmv` wpî Zz j aiv hv PjwZ mg q we klfv e G Kvi YI Riæwi h, evsjv `k GLb µ g wkí A_ bxwzi GK bzzb hy M cö ek Ki Z hv Q hw`i GB cöwz e` b cöavbz evsjv ` ki wemz eq ii kög Lv Zi cwiw wz Zz j aiv n e, Z e cwikíbv i q Q µ g G Z kög evrvi Ges Avq I grywi msµvší RvZxq cöeyzvmg~ ni IciI Av jvkcvz Kiv n e g~jz RvZxq cöpvigva gi Z_ -Dcv Ëi Av jv KB GB cöwz e`b cökvwkz n e GUv Avgiv Rvwb h, kög A_ bxwzi cöavb `ywu w`k i q Q cö_gz, GUv kögevrv i e w³ I cöwzôv bi f wgkv K LwZ q ` L G ÿ Î g~j dvkvm _v K jevi dvm -Gi Ici Avevi Ab w` K, Zv kög evrv ii m ½ gỳ ªv evrvi, cy evrvi, ˆe `wkk evwyr BZ vw`i AvšÍtm ú K I wbqwgz Av jvkcvz K i AvcvZZ mbdwu GÛ ivbum GB cöwz e` b kög A_ bxwzi cö_g ai bi ZrciZv ZB wb Ri gb hvm wb qvwrz K i Q köwgk I Zv `i Avq- ivrmvi-wbivcëv-awakv ii cökœb GB cökvkbvq gyl wn m e _vk Q we kl K i Avgiv 2017 mv ji cöwz e` b Avq elg I grywiwpî K AwaKZi MyiæZ w` q Zz j a iwq Avi LvZwfwËK Av jvpbvkv j Avgiv ˆ`ePqb AvKv i PviwU LvZ (Mv g U, Pv, wbg vy I cv_ifv½v)-gi Ici we kl gb hvm w` qwq ax i ax i ciez x eqi jv Z GBiƒc evrmwik cöwz e` b kögkw³ I kög A_ bxwzi m ½ cövmw½k mkj wel q Ges Ab vb wkílv Zi IciI we ÍvwiZ gb hvm `qv n e e j mbdwu GÛ ivbum B Qv cvlb Ki Q wewfbœ M elyvm~ Î GUv Abygvb Kiv nq h, ez gv b evsjv ` k ÔKg izõ gvu Rb Mvôx 5 KvwU 80 jvl Gi g a nkvi, dwiiqvjv, M nkg x, MvwoPvjK I mn hvmx, wbg vy köwg Ki g Zv AbvbyôvwbK Lv Z Kg x Av Qb n jv 5 KvwU 7 jvl Avi AvbyôvwbK Lv Z 73 jvl gvbyl KvR K ib AvbyôvwbK Lv Zi eo eo jv Z Avevi UªW BDwbqb Kvh µg mxwgz d j mn RB Aby gq, mgmö Kg Rxex `i AwZ bmy msl Ki UªW BDwbqb AwaKvi i q Q ` k GBiƒc cwiw wz Z köwgk-gvwjk m úk K cyiv bv mvgšízvwš K aib _ K AvaywbK wkí-a_ bxwzi avivq vcb Kiv M Q mvgvb B wkí cwim i UKmB A_ bwzk wekv ki Rb gvwjk-köwgk-mikvi wg j h GKwU wîcÿxq myôz cwi ek cö qvrb GB eva GLbI evsjv ` ki kög A_ bxwz Z LyeB `ye j d j ckvmz ^v, grywi, wbivcëv, msmwvz niqvi AwaKv ii `ye jzvi gv S kögrxwei Rxeb _v K LyeB bvryk Ges Zvi cöej Qvc _v K mgv R Ges we klfv e kög A_ bxwz Z mbdwu GÛ ivbum GB cwiw wz Z BwZevPK cwiez bi Rb KvR Ki Q GB cökvkbvi mb j ÿ B cökvwkz Avgiv Avkv Ki ev Avmbœ w`b jv Z evrmwik kögwpî AviI BwZevPK AwfÁZvq f i DV e hv 5

7 evsjv ` ki KvwU KvwU kögrxexi cvkvcvwk ` ki ˆewk K fveg~wz i Rb I Riæwi Avgiv g b Kwi, wkí A_ bxwzi wek cwigû ji Askx`vi evsjv `ki evsjv ` ki kög AvBb I msweavb Ges wek Ry o Kvh Ki AvBGjI mb` jvi Av jv K GKwU UKmB, wkí A_ bxwzi Rb mnvqk, köwgk-gvwjk-mikv ii Rb win-win kög cwi e ki ^cœ ` L mbdwu GÛ ivbum me kl GI D jøl KiwQ h, GB cöwz e`b cöyq b M elk AvjZvd cvi fr mbdwu GÛ ivbum K we kl mnvqzv K i Qb mrb Zuv K ab ev` gv. m K `vi Avjx wgbv wbe vnx cwipvjk 6

8 1 evsjv ` ki kög cwiw wz 2017 evsjv ` ki kög AwaKvi wpî 2017 mv ji Lye ewk Drmvne ÄK wqj bv köglvz _ K köwgk ^v_ mswkøó hz msev` cviqv M Q G eqi Zvi g a BwZevPK welq wqj AwZ ^í `yn Ubv, grywi eâbv, UªW BDwbqb AwaKvinxbZv, MÖdZvi, cövk wzk `y h vm Ges kögrxex `i AwaKvi wel q RvZxq ivrbxwz Z bxiezvb wqj G eq ii g~j ˆewkó AvšÍR vwzk kög gvb`û Abyhvqx evsjv ` ki kög LvZ eû Av M _ KB bvbvfv e wcwq q Av Q Z e 2017 mv j m ÿ Î AMÖMwZi ` p PóvI jÿ Kiv wm q Q Kg B Uvib vkbvj UªW BDwbqb Kb dwv ikb ev AvBwUBDwm G eqi Zvi ˆewk K wi cv U e j Q, köwgk AwaKv ii we epbvq we k i me P q Lvivc 10wU ` ki ZvwjKvq evsjv ` ki bvg i q Q Av jvp 10wU ` ki g a evsjv `k QvovI wqj Kjvw ^qv, wgmi, qv Zgvjv, KvRvL Ívb, wdwjwcý, KvZvi, `wÿy Kvwiqv, Zzi I mshy³ Avie AvwgivZ ÔAvBwUBDwm Møvevj ivbum Bb W 2017Õ kxl K cöwz e` b ejv nq, köwgk nz v, BDwbqb Ki Z bv `Iqv, Av `vjb `g b K Vvi g bvfve, Awbivc` Kg cwi e ki g Zv wel qi Kvi Y evsjv `k köwgk `i Rb gv UB wbivc` bq UªW BDwbqb Kg x `i Ici mikvi I wb qvmkz vi Pvwc q `Iqv Ae vnz fvmvwšíi Kvi Y evsjv `k i vwus q 5 c q Q, hvi A_ Ñ köwgk `i ÔAwaKv ii Kv bv wbðqzv bbõ fviz, cvwk Ívb I gvqvbgvii i vwus 5 c q Q; G ÿ Î bcvj I köx jskv fvj Ae v b i q Q GB `ywu ` ki i vwus 3, hvi A_ Ô mlv b wbqwgz AwaKvi j N bi NUbv bbõ 2016 mv ji GwcÖj _ K 2017-Gi gvp ch ší cövß Z _ i wfwë Z AvBwUBDwmÕi Dc iv³ cöwz e`bwu ˆZwi K i cöwz e` b 139wU ` ki kög AwaKvi cwiw wz Zy j aiv n q Q cöwz e` b kög AwaKvi ev Íevq b GKwU ` ki mvwe K Ae vb Zy j ai Z me wbgœ 1 _ K m e v P 5 b ^i `Iqv n q Q GKwU `k 5 b ^i c j a i biqv n q Q mlv b kög AwaKvi ej Z wkqy bb Avi 1 b ^i cviqvi A_ n jv IB ` k köwg Kiv gvuv `v M me b vh AwaKvi cv Qb cöwz e` b ejv nq, evsjv ` k c wzmzfv e Ges e envwik ch v q UªW BDwbqb we ivax ˆelg weivrgvb i q Q AvBwUBDwm ej Q, Ô2017 mv ji Rvbyqvwii ïiæ Z (evsjv `k mikvi) GK nvrvi 600 R bi ewk köwgk eilv Í K i Q Ges 600 köwgk I UªW BDwbqb bzvi weiæ gvgjv `Iqv n q Q Õ Gw` K 2017-Gi Ry b R bfvq AvBGjIÕi m j b ejv n qwqj, evsjv ` k kög AwaKvi DbœwZi ^v _ msmwvz niqvi AwaKvi wbwðz Kivi cvkvcvwk UªW BDwbqb we ivax ˆelg g~jk AvPiY I mwnsmzv e Üi Rb 2017-Gi b f ^i gv mi g a mikvi K c` c wb Z n e G Î mikvi Kx Kx K i Q, Zv wb q AvšÍR vwzk kög ms vi (AvBGjI) we klá KwgwU K IB mg qi g a we ÍvwiZfv e Rvbv Z ejv nq AvBGjI hme ÿ Î cwiez b `L Z B QyK Zvi g a i q Q: msmwvz niqvi AwaKv ii Î evsjv `k kög AvBb I wewagvjv AvšÍR vwzk mb `i m ½ msmwzc~y niqvuv wbwðz Kiv; Lmov Bwc RW AvB b msmwvz niqvi AwaKvi wbwðz Kiv; Avïwjqvmn wewfbœ GjvKvq BDwbqb we ivax Kg Kv Ûi Z`šÍ K i PvKzwiPz Z niqv jvkr bi PvKwi wdwi q `Iqv; AvBb Abyhvqx Awfhy³ `i KvQ _ K Avw_ K Rwigvbv Av`vq wksev gvgjv `v qi Kiv Ges `ªæZZvi m ½ UªW BDwbq bi wbeüb Kiv AvBGjIi AvšÍR vwzk kög m jb (AvBGjwm) k l cöpvwiz mb` ev Íevqb I mycvwik welqk cöwz e` b Gme K_v ejv n q Q 7

9 evsjv ` ki kög Lv Z G eqi Av ikwu NUbv wqj cvkvk Lv Zi kög AwaKvi wel q ÔA vkw Õ-Gi wøzxq gqv `I (2021 ch ší) KvR Ki Z PvIqv Ges Zvi weiæ KviLvbv gvwjk `i msmvb I mikv ii Ae vb evsjv `k _ K hme AvšÍR vwzk µzv cöwzôvb ˆZwi cvkvk K b Zv `i Ab Zg RvU ÔA vkw Õ cvkvk köwgk `i AwaKvi wb q KvR Ki Z PvIqvi ci Zv Z AvcwË Zv j mikvi I Mv g Um gvwjkiv 2017 mv ji RyjvB qi kl mßv n GB NUbv N U Mv g Um KviLvbv jvi köwgk `i AwaKvi wb q A vkw KvR Ki Z PvB j G Z AvcwË Rvwb q evsjv ` ki evwyr gš x Zvdv qj Avn g` wewewm K e j Qb, köwg Ki AwaKvi `Lvi `vwqz A vk W i bq, GR b i q Q AvšÍR vwzk ms v AvBGjI Z e A vk Wi m ½ Pz³e Av Q hme eª vû I µzv cöwzôvb Zv `i g a 24wU eª vû B Zvg a A vk W i ciez x `dv Kvh µ gi c ÿ Pzw³ ^vÿi K i Q evwk eª vû jvi m wzi Rb Póv Ki Q AvšÍR vwzk A bk köwgk AwaKvi ms vñ hgb, BÛvw «Aj, wk b K _ K v ú Bb BZ vw` GB cöwz e`b ˆZwii mgq ch ší GB g g mvaviy HK gz wqj h, A vkw I A vjv qý wøzxq gqv ` `xn mgq _vk Q bv 2018 mv jb Zv `i Kvh µg kl n e hw` Gi g a B GB `yb Rv Ui KvR ey S wb Z evsjv `k cö KŠkjMZ mÿgzv AR b K i Ab _vq A vkw Qq gvm K i Zvi mgq evov e GKB Lv Zi DËi Av gwikvi µzv `i RvU ÔA vjv qý di evsjv `k IqvK vi mdwuõ wbw` ó mg qi ci Avi evsjv ` k wbivcëv wel q Z`viwK Z _vk Q bv e j Rvbv M Q Gi AvM ˆZwi cvkvkwkí gvwjk `i msmvb wewrggbgi mfvcwz wmwïkyi ingvb K GK B- gbj evz vq welqwu wbwðz K i Qb A vjv q Ýi Kvw Uª ww i±i Rgm Gd gwiqvwu Gw` K A vkw I A vjv q Ýi KvQ _ K `vwqz ey S b e kög gš Yvj qi Aaxb Í Ôms vi KvR mgš^q mjõ ev Aviwmwm bvgk GKwU cökí B Zvg a 2017 mv ji gvsvgvws AviwmwmÕi D Øvab n j eqi k li Zvi g~j Kvh µ g MwZ Av mwb Ab w` K, 2017-Gi 23 deªæqvwi evsjv ` ki cöavbgš x K jlv GK wpwv Z gvwk b Ks MÖ mi 11 m`m e j Q, kög AwaKv ii cöwz m vb we epbvq fyj c _ cwipvwjz n Q evsjv `k cöavbgš x K GKwU BwZevPK msev` 2017 mv j kög Lv Zi GKwU BwZevPK msev` wqj köwgk Kj vy Znwe j A_ Rgv `vb ïiæ niqv ez gvb kög AvB b GBiƒc eva evakzv i q Q h, Kvb Kv úvwbi g~jab 2 KvwU UvKvi ewk A_ev gvu m ú` 3 KvwU UvKvi AwaK n j eqi k l Zviv h gybvdv NvlYv K i Zvi 5 kzvsk köwgk Kj v Y e q Ki Z n e GB 5 kzvs ki GK `kgvsk cö`vb Ki Z n e kög I Kg ms vb gš Yvj qi Aaxb MwVZ köwgk Kj vy dvd Ûkb Znwe j 2013 mv j GB Znwe j A_ Rgv ïiæ n ji 2017 mv j G m Zv we kl emevb nq me kl GB Znwe ji AvKvi `uvwo q Q 250 KvwU UvKv Ges `wk-we `kx gvwjkvbvaxb cövq 94wU cöwzôvb GLv b A_ Rgv `qv ïiæ K i Q `qv wpwv Z ^v ikvixiv Ks MÖm m`m iv n jbñ R vb v fvw, m vûvi jwfb, wej cvm µj, ewe U, Rgm wc. g vkmfvb, gvk cvkvb, DBwjqvg wkqvwus, R vwk úbqvi, Rv md µvdwj, w f Kv nb I evieviv wj G wpwvi Abywjwc `qv n q Q ˆZwi cvkv Ki µzv cöwzôvb evk kvqvi nv_vi q, KvU vm, M vc AvBGbwm, GBPA vûgg, Rwm cwb Kv úvwb, KvnjÕm, wcwfgbp, wmqvm nvwìs Ki cv ikb, Uv M U, wfgd Ki cv ikb Ges IqvjgvU K wpwv Z D jøl Kiv nq, Ô cvkvk wk í kög AwaKvi wb q kvwšíc~y Kg Kv Û wb qvwrz bzv `i MÖdZvi I AvU Ki NUbv N U Q evsjv ` k `kwui eüy I hy³ivóª-evsjv ` ki kw³kvjx m ú K i mg_ K wn m e G wel q Avgiv Mfxi D ØM cökvk KiwQ Õ Gw` K 2017 mv ji 27 gvp XvKvq GK msev` m j b ` ki ißvwb cöwµqvkiy GjvKvq (Bwc RW) Kg iz köwgk `i UªW BDwbqb AwaKvi wbwðz Ki Z e j Q BD ivcxq BDwbqb (BBD) cöwzwbwa`j G Rb Bwc R W kög AvBb ev Íevqb Pvq Zviv UªW BDwbq bi ^vaxbzv wbwðz I wbeüb-cöwµqv mnr Ki Z kög AvBb ms kva bii 8

10 ZvwM` w` q Q cöwzwbwa`j ˆZwi cvkvkwk íi gvwjk `i msmvb wewrggbgi bzv `i m ½ ˆeV K mdiiz BD ivcxq cvj v g Ui cöwzwbwa`j Gme K_v e j ivravbxi I qw b nv U j ˆeVKwU AbywôZ nq 2017 mv j BD ivcxq BDwbq bi cöwzwbwa` ji Dc iv³ md ii mgq wewfbœ m~ Î GI Rvbv hvq h, evsjv ` ki kög AwaKvi wb q cökœ Zy j wrgmwc-myweavi welqwu LwZ q `LviI wm vší wb q Q BBD kög AwaKv ii welq jv LwZ q `L ZB XvKvq G m Qb BBD cvj v g Ui m`m iv Z e mdikv j wrgmwci wel q Kv bv K_v e jbwb cöwzwbwa` ji bzv Av b jbzr Gw` K cy iv eqiry o cvkvk Lv Zi köwgk msmvb jv 10 nvrvi UvKv ewmkmn 16 nvrvi UvKv me wb œ grywii `vwe Z Av `vjb Pvwj q hvq Avevi Af Zc~e fv e cvkvk gvwjk `i msmvb wewrggbgõi mfvcwz wmwïkzi ingvb cvkvk köwgk `i grywi cybwb avi Yi wel q grywi evw MV bi Rb Aby iva Rvwb q Qb G eq ii klv a 2017 mv j kög Lv Zi Av ikwu cöavb ˆewkó wqj Kg ms vb msku me kl kögkw³ Rwi c ` k cövq 26 jvl ekv ii Z_ Rvbv bv nq Gi g a we kl D Ø Mi welq wqj D PwkwÿZ `i gv S ekvi Z i AwaK nvi G wel q ez gvb cöwz e` bi wøzxq Aa v q we ÍvwiZ Av jvkcvz Kiv n q Q µgea bgvb Avq el g i welqwu wb qi G eqi A_ bxwzwe` `i D ØM cökvk Ki Z `Lv M Q G eqi (BDGbwWwc I wcwcaviwm KZ K) cökvwkz GK M elyvq `Lv M Q, Avw_ Kfv e ` ki kxl Í i _ vkv 10 kzvsk RbmsL vi Kv Q RvZxq Av qi 46.2 kzvsk cywäf Z n q c o Q ez gvb cöwz e` bi Z Zxq Aa v q GB wel q AviI mgkvjxb Z_ - DcvË Zz j aiv n q Q A_ bwzk AMÖMwZi gy LI Ges cöe w m úbœ wkílvz jv ZI kögrxex `i Riæwi cö qvrb jvi cöwz Kxiƒc Ae njv NU Q Ges Zviv Kxiƒc msk U i q Q m wel q GB cöwz e` b LvZwfwËK Av jvpbv i q Q Pv, Pvgovmn K qkwu m±i wb q G ÿ Î Pvgov Lv Z köwgk Av `vj bi cuf wg Ges me kl Ae vi Zz j aiv n q Q RvZxq ev R U kög I köwgk ^v_ Kxfv e cöwzdwjz nq Ges G ÿ Î köwgk `i `vwe-`viqv wk wqj m wel q lô Aa v q AbymÜvbx Av jvpbv i q Q GiciB köwgk `i ckvmz ^v I wbivcëv wel q me kl eq ii GKwU wpî Zz j aiv n q Q G ÿ Î we kl NUbv wn m e U úv Kv KviLvbvi `yn vubvi c~e vci cwiw wz we køly Kiv n q Q GQvov MÖvgxY K wl köwgk Ges bvix köwgk `i me kl cwiw wzi DciI c _K c _K Aa v q we ÍvwiZ Av jvpbv i q Q G ÿ Î evsjv ` ki Ab Zg kögrxex Rb Mvôx wn m e `wjz `i msku KI GB cöwz e` b hy³ Kiv n q Q GQvov Awbevh fv eb G m Q ` ki UªW BDwbqb cwiw wz me kl mikvi kög AvBb ms kva bi h D ` vm wb q Q m wel q köwgk BDwbqb I kög we klá `i AwfgZI Zz j aiv n q Q `ywu Aa v q c _Kfv e 9

11 2 RbmsL v I Kg ms vb wpî wkwÿz `i gv S ekvi Z i nvi AwaK 2017 mv ji g gv m cökvwkz mv ji KvqvUviwj jevi dvm mv f Abyhvqx evsjv ` ki ZLbKvi RbmsL v (15 KvwU 85 jvl)-gi 33 kzvskb 14 eq ii Kg eqmx GBiƒc cwiw wzi Kvi Y evsjv `k K ejv nq, ÔZiæY `i `k Õ d j Kg ms vb myweavi cömvi evsjv ` k GLb me P q Riæwi GK cökœ Ab w` K, evsjv ` k 65-DaŸ RbmsL v 4.7 kzvsk 14 eq ii bx P Ges 65-DaŸ RbmsL v mw wjzfv e cövq 38 kzvsk A_ vr eqmx (working age population) RbmsL v cövq 62 kzvsk Dc iv³ cwimsl vb _ K jÿyxq, KvR Ki Z mvg_ evb `i Ici KvR Ki Z Amg_ `i wbf izv wpî fqvbk cöwz 100 R bñ Kg -mÿg RbmsL vi cövq A a K n jv Kg -Abyc hvmx RbmsL v wbf ikxj RbmsL vi GB AwaK nvii Kg ÿg `i Rb Kg ms v bi Riæwi cö qvrbxqzv K D aÿ Zz j ai Q fwel Z h nzz Mo Avqy AviI evo e myzivs Kg Rxex `i Dci eq wbkurb K `Lvi `vq AviI evo e wkš ` k Kg ms v bi wpî 2017 mv ji Avkvbyiƒc wqj bv evsjv `k cwimsl vb eÿ iv K DØ Z K i ˆ`wbK cö_g Av jvi 2017 mv ji 29 gõi GK cöwz e` b D jøl Kiv nq, ÔGK `kk Av M ` k cöwz eqi M o cövq mv o 13 jvl Kg ms vb evo Zv, GLb Zv K g eq i 9 jvl 33 nvrv i b g G m Q Õ A_ vr gvu `kr Drcv` bi (wrwwwcõi) cöe w MZ GK `k K 6 kzvsk _ K cövq 7 kzvs k DËiY NU ji Kg ms v bi ÿ Î Zvi BwZevPK cöfve KgB `Lv hvq cwimsl vb eÿ ivi Z_ _ K GI jÿ Yxq, 15 _ K DaŸ eqmx RbmsL v MZ `k K eq i 3.3 kzvsk AvKv i e o Q hv 2015 mv j wqj cövq 5 KvwU 90 jvl 2016 mv j n q Q 6 KvwU 21 jvl Gi Avgv `i kög evrv i cöwz eqi 20 jvl kögkw³ hy³ n Q - ev RU e³ Zvq A_ gš x, 1 Ryb 2017 g a ÔKv R i q QbÕ ev ÔA_ bwzk Kg Kv Û hy³õ e w³i msl v 3 KvwU 80 jvl G `i g~j Ask (33 kzvsk) K wl Z hy³ bvbviƒc köwgk ÔKvRÕ `qvi ÿ Î ` k GLbI K wli vbb m e v P cövq 42.7 kzvsk Kg ms vb n Q K wl _ K hw`i RvZxq Av q K wli wnm v ez gvb gvî 15 kzvsk Kg ms v b K wli c ib Ae vb mvwf m m± ii, 36.9 kzvsk ÔwkíÕ G ÿ Î Z Zxq Ae v b i q Q mvgwmökfv e evsjv ` k ÔKv R i q QbÕ Ggb RbmsL vi 86.2 fvmb wb qvwrz AcÖvwZôvwbK Lv Z D jøl, ` k MÖvg I kn i RbmsL v wnm v ez gv b 70:30 Avi me kl jevi dvm mv f Abyhvqx MÖvg I kn i ekvi Z i Zzjbv n jv 18.2 jvl : 7.7 jvl m` wemz `kk jv Z wkí evsjv ` k bxwzwba vik `i me P q ekx gb hvm c jiñ wk í me P q ewk Kg ms v bi my hvm `qv cvkvk LvZ µ g AwaKZi hš vwqz I cöhyw³wbf i n q covq mlv b Av Mi g Zv Avi köwgk `i Kv Ri my hvm NU Q bv 2017 mv ji 13 gvp XvKvq m Uvi di W fjc g U wimvm GÛ Ggcøq g U Av qvwrz GK 10

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16 2017-Gi 7 Rvbyqvwi ˆ`wbK ewykevz vq cökvwkz GK cöwz e` b D jøl Kiv nq, PjwZ avivi Dbœqb KŠk ji Kvi Y MÖvgxY gvbyl `i m ú` bv e o F Yi evsv e o M Q Ges ` k gvb PvKwPK wui g~jz FYwbf i ez gv b MÖvgxY cwiev ii gv_vwcqy F Yi cwigvy 3 nvrvi 171 UvKv mv j Zv wqj gvî 1 nvrvi 338 UvKv 27 cqmv Ges 2004 mv j wqj gv_vwcqy 1 nvrvi 429 UvKv 13 cqmvq 2008 mv j GwU Av iv e o nq 2 nvrvi 388 UvKv 23 cqmv ciez x cvup eq i Zv e o 3 nvrvi UvKv Qvwo q hvq A_ vr MÖv gi gvbyl `i `o `k K gv_vwcqy F Yi cwigvy cövq AvovB Y e o Q Ab w` K m ú` `o `kk Av M hgb wqj GL bv ZgbB Av Q 2000 mv j MÖvgxY cwiev ii gv_vwcqy Rwgi cwigvy wqj k~b `kwgk 11 n±i GL bv Zv-B i q Q MÖvgxY cwievi jvi Mo cvwievwik Avq kn ii Zzjbvq cuvp fv Mi wzb fvm kni I MÖv gi g a Avq el g i GKwU eo KviY wkÿv YMZfv e DbœZ wkÿvq Ges D Pwk vq MÖv gi wk v_ xiv GL bv A bk wcwq q Z e K wli AvaywbKvq bi ga w` q MÖv g K wl köwgk `i grywi e o Q hw`i `xn gqv ` Kv Ri wbðqzv K g hv Q MÖvgxY A_ bxwz Z Ggyn~ Z h cwiez b Pj Q Zv Z `ywu welq KvR K i Q GKwU iwgu vý, Ab wu K wli eûgylxkiy Z e iwgu v Ýi A _ i Drcv`bkxj e envi n Q bv ˆe `wkk gỳ ªvi wmsnfvmb cöevmx cwievi jv LiP Ki Q ˆ`bw `b Kv R evsjv `k cwimsl vb e y ivi (wewegm) me kl Z_ Abyhvqx, 2015 mv j ` k Avmv gvu iwgu v Ýi cwigvy wqj 15 `kwgk 80 wewjqb gvwk b Wjvi wkš wewb qvm n q Q IB A _ i 25 kzvsk gvî Avi AvšÍR vwzk Awfevmb ms vi (AvBIGg) cöwz e`b ej Q, iwgu v Ýi 81 kzvsk LiP nq cwiev ii fiy- cvlymn Avbylw½K Kv R gvî 7 kzvsk A_ cöevmxi cwievi e vs K Rgv iv L GQvov Rwg ev Ab vb m ú` wkb Z e q nq 5 kzvs ki GKUz ewk A_ Ab w` K µ g AjvfRbK n q DV Q K wl k m i b vh `vg cv Qb bv K lk, hw`i evo Q Zv `i Drcv`b LiP mikvwi ms v K wl wecyb Awa`ß ii Z_ g Z, MZ cvup eq i evsjv ` k k m i Mo `vg K g Q 2010 mv j cöwz Ub k m i Mo `vg wqj 7 mygb Avdmvi, MÖvgxY cwievi: m ú` bv F Yi evsv evo Q, 7 Rvbyqvwi 2017, ewykevz v, XvKv hlv b 19 nvrvi 191 UvKv, 2014 mv j Zv b g Av m 17 nvrvi 500 UvKvq m ez 2017 mv j mewr I Pv ji g~j e w i Kvi Y GB cwimsl v bi wkqz DbœwZ NU e ZviciI ejv hvq MÖvgxY K lk km Drcv`b e w i mydj cv Qb bv d j evo Q K l Ki F Yi evsv K wlcy kn i h `v g weµq nq, Zvi _ K A bk Kg `v g MÖv gi K lk `i _ K µq Kiv nq jvfrbk bv niqvq dmj Avev ` K lk wbiærmvwnz hvi mivmwi AwfNvZ c o MÖvgxY gryi `i Ici cwimsl vb eÿ ivi Z _ G `k Ki gvsvgvws _ K cwzz ev Abvevw` Rwg e w i j Y `Lv hvq cwzz Rwgi cwigvy A_ eq i c~e ez x A_ eq ii Zyjbvq 4 kzvs ki Ici e w cvq Gi c ii A_ eq i cövq 19 kzvsk K g M ji A_ eq i Zv GK-Z Zxqvs ki KvQvKvwQ ev AvovB jvl GK ii Ici e w cvq GKB m ½ MZ `k Ki k li Zyjbvq G `k Ki gvsvgvws `yb dmwj Avevw` Rwg K g M Q wzb dmwj Avevw` Rwg mv j Gi Av Mi A_ eqi _ K `yb jvl GK ii g Zv K g M Q gvu Avevw` Rwgi cwigvy A_ eq ii ci Avi ev owb GiI bwzevpk cöwzwµqv co Q MÖvgxY LZgRyi mgv Ri Ici Ab w` K, ` ki wewfbœ A j gšmywg grywii nvi ek IVvbvgv K i GK A j hlb Kv Ri my hvm _v K bv, ZLb Ab A j `Lv hvq AwZwi³ köwg Ki Pvwn`v ZvB köwg Ki AvÂwjK MwZkxjZv j Yxq hgb: c~e vâ j mvaviyz RyjvB-A ±vei mg q K wl köwg Ki Zgb KvR _v K bv ZLb Zviv wewfbœ AK wl ckvq wb qvwrz nq A b K ivravbx ev Avkcv ki kn i Kv Ri müv b hvq Ab w` K c~e vâ j hlb Avgb I ev iv gšmyg ïiæ nq, ZLb K wl köwg Ki Pvwn`v ev o I GB mg q DËiv ji köwg Kiv c~e vâ j cvwo Rgvq Kv Ri müv b ` ki DËiv ji jvkr bi Kg ms v bi g~j Drm n Q K wl mlv b K wl Z Kv Ri my hvm i q Q g~jz K wl gšmy g eq ii GKUv eo mgq K wlkvr _v K bv Gme GjvKvq Gmgq Zv `i eva n q ekvi _vk Z nq A_ev Kv Ri müv b ivravbxmn ` ki Ab vb A ji w` K cvwo Rgv Z nq G QvovI Rjevqy cwiez b Ges cövk wzk `y h v M MÖvgxY kög LvZ Kxfv e wech m wel q GKwU A ji me kl cwiw wzi weeiy i q Q `kg Aa v q 15

17 ˆel g i ^iƒc evsjv ` k A_ bwzk cöe w wb q hzuv Av jvpbv nq ZZUvB Kg nq A_ bwzk ˆelg I Amvg wb q wkš GB welqwu evsjv ` ki kögrxex `i Ae v evsvi Rb we kl Riæwi evsjv `k Aa qb K `ª bv g GKwU M elyv ms vi M elk Avngv` Beªvnxg 2017 mv ji AvM Ô U Ae evsjv `k: Avq ˆelg Õ kxl K GK M elyvi dj Zz j a i Rvwb q Qb, evsjv ` ki D P Av qi 10 kzvs ki GKUv M n vjx Ges wb œ Av qi 40 kzvs ki GKUv M n vjxi Av qi g a cv_ K 1380 kzvsk 2015 mv j D P Av qi 10 kzvs ki GKUv M n vjx hlb gv m M o 1 jvl 47 nvrvi 388 UvKv Avq K i, ZLb wb œ Avv qi 40 kzvs ki AšÍM Z GKUv M n vjxi Mo gvwmk Avq 10 nvrvi 657 UvKv MZ 46 eqi a i gvu RvZxq Av q, wb œ Av qi 40 kzvs ki Avq 4.9 kzvsk K g Q ejvevûj wb œ Av qi cwievi jvi g a kögrxexivb msl vmwiô evsjv ` ki mgv R Avq ˆelg Kxfv e `vwi`ª I AmgZv evov Q m wel q Av ikuv fv jv M elyv K i Qb XvKv wek we` vj qi Aa vck Lvb G. gwzb Zuvi M elyv Kv Ri wk ivbvg wqj ÔBbKvg BwbKzqvwjwU Bb evsjv `k Õ 2014 mv ji 25 b f ^i wzwb evsjv `k B Kv bvwgk G mvwm qk bi GK m j b M elyvwu Dc vcb K ib * Zuvi wnmve Abyhvqx evsjv ` k Av qi ÿ Î bx Pi Í ii _vkv kögrxex RbmsL vi 80 kzvs ki Av qi wnm v µ g K g K g Zv D P Í ii 20 kzvs ki Av q hy³ n Q eq i GB vbvšíi NU Q.46 kzvsk nv i jÿ Yxq n jv, GLv b Kej Mixe `i Avq nvwi q hv Q ZvB bq, ga weë `i ÿ ÎI ZvB NU Q Aa vck Lvb G. gwz bi M elyv _ K `Lv hv Q, me P q bx Pi 20 kzvs ki eq i Av qi KgwZ NU Q `kwgk 71 kzvsk Gi Dc ii 20 kzvs ki Av qi NvUwZ NU Q `kwgk 54 kzvsk Z Zxq Í ii 20 kzvs ki Av qi wnm v Kg Q `kwgk 32 kzvsk PZz_ Í ii 20 kzvs ki Av qi wnm v Kg Q.27 kzvsk Avi GB Kgv Avq hy³ n Q me P q ewk Av qi 20 kzvs ki c K U eq i Zv `i w` K GB Avq hv Q `kwgk 46 kzvsk K i Dc iv³ wp Îi Av ikwu w`k n jv Dc ii Í ii 10 kzvsk gvby li mv _ wb Pi Í ii 10 kzvsk gvby li Avq wnm vi e eavb eq i 2.56 kzvsk nv o evo Q GKB M elyvq `Lv M Q, 1973 _ K 2010 ch ší bx Pi w` Ki 40 kzvsk gvby li Av qi wnm v K g Q eq i `kwgk 60 kzvsk nv i 1973-G RvZxq cwim i GBiƒc gvbyl `i Av qi wnm v wqj kzvsk 2010 mv j Zv G m `uvwo q Q kzvsk Gw` K ïay h `wi`ª gvby li Avq Kg Q ZvB bq Zv `i fv Mi RvZxq wnm vi Kg Q G ÿ Î _ K 2010 ch ší wnmv e `Lv hvqñme P q wb Pi Í ii 20 kzvs ki fvm K g Q 1.16 kzvsk Gi Dc ii Í ii 20 kzvs ki fvm K g Q 1.45 kzvsk ciez x Í ii 20 kzvs ki fvm K g Q 1.18 kzvsk PZz_ Í ii 20 kzvs ki fvm K g Q.38 kzvsk GBiƒc wpî cv ë hvq me P q Dc ii Í ii fv Mi ÿ Î; muv e o Q 4.17 kzvsk Ab w` K, 2016-Gi Ry b ÔivRbxwZ, mykvmb Ges ga g Av qi AvKvO& v: ev ÍeZv I P v jämg~nõ kxl K M elyv cöwz e`b cökvk K i emikvwi M elyv ms v cviqvi A vû cvwu wm ckb wimvp m Uv ii (wcwcaviwm) Rvwb q Q, ` ki gvby li gvu Av qi 46 `kwgk 2 kzvsk ev cövq A a KB P j hvq gvî 10 kzvsk abxi c K U Avi Avq I RxebhvÎvi gv bi wb Pi w` K _vkv 40 kzvsk Mwi ei c K U hvq 13 kzvs ki g Zv my hvmmyweavi w`k _ K mgv Ri Ic ii w` K _vkv 10 kzvsk abxi evwl K gv_vwcqy Avq 4 nvrvi 962 Wjvi UvKvi A ¼ hv 3 jvl 96 nvrvi 960 UvKv GB Avq 40 kzvsk Mwi ei gv_vwcqy evwl K Av qi cövq 14 Y RxebhvÎvi gv b wcwq q _vkv wekvj Mwie Rb Mvôxi evwl K gv_vwcqy Avq gvî 359 Wjvi * 16

18 Pv ji `vg evovq fvz Kg Lv Q wbgœ Av qi gvbyl* - cö_g Av jv, 8 Ryb 2017 gnvb ` wek vm GLb `ycy i Ava cuv L q KvUvb, iv Z Lvb cuf i `ycy i nv U j GK _vjv fvz L Z `vg w` Z nq 12 UvKv Av Mi P q cöwz _vjv fv Zi `vg 2 UvKv e o Q, fv Zi cwigvyi K g Q d j GLb fi cu L Z M j GK ejvq fv Zi cq bb e q nq Kgc 36 UvKv gnvb ` ej jb, ivravbxi wgicyi 1 b ^i mkkb GjvKvq RyZv mjvb qi KvR K i w` b 400 UvKvi ewk Avq nq bv d j `ycy i UvKv LiP K i cuf i LvIqvi Kv bv my hvmb bb Pv ji `vg e o hviqvq GLb h kv ii klnvwu Z _vkv x-mšív bi Rb evowz LiP cvvv Z nq wkš Avq ev owb Pv ji `v g MZ K qk eqi gnvb ` wek v mi g Zv gvby liv h ^w Í Z wq jb, Zv Pig A ^w Í Z cwiyz n q Q 2017 mv j we k i g a gvuv Pv ji `vg GLb evsjv ` kb me P q ewk e o Q me ai bi gvsvwi I miæ Pv ji `vgi d j ^w Í Z bb mxwgz Av qi gvby liv Pvi-cvuP m` m i GKwU cwiev i Kej Pvj Kbvi cq bb LiP e o Q 400 _ K 500 UvKv ch ší cöavb Lv ` i `vg evovq wikkvfvov e o Q, Kg Rxex gvbyl K evb i L Z evowz LiP b Z n Q G wel q A_ bxwzwe` nv mb wrjøyi ingvb e jb, Pvj GL bv Lv` ZvwjKvi cöavb AvB Ug Gi `vg evo j wbgœ Av qi gvby liv ˆ`wbK Lv ` i cwigvy wvk ivl Z wm q Ab vb LiP Kwg q d j A_ev A bk mgq `bvi Ki Z nq d j Pv ji `vg evo j AeavwiZfv e GKUv cöfve c o, muv K ói ivravbxi LyPiv evrv i 2017 mv j gvuv Pvj gvb f ` wqj 45 _ K 48 UvKv, gvsvwi gv bi Pvj UvKv I miæ Pvj UvKv XvKvq me P q Rbwc«q iwk`, Gidvb, gvrv jmn wewfbœ eª v Ûi wgwb KU Pvj m jv `xn w`b 44 _ K 45 UvKv KwR ` i wewµ n q Q K qk gv m muv evo Z evo Z 56 UvKvq D VwQj UªwWs Ki cv ikb Ae evsjv ` ki (wuwmwe) wnmv e, 2016 mv j h gvuv Pvj cviqv hz 30 UvKv KwR Z, GLb muv wewµ n Q 45 UvKvq d j MZ eq ii Zyjbvq 2017 mv j Pv ji `vg cövq 42 kzvsk e o hvq ivravbxi KviIqvb evrvi I gvnv `cyi K wl gv K U LuvR wb q Rvbv M Q, bzyb gšmy gi Pv ji mieivn evo ji mlv b `vg K gwb K wl gv K Ui Avwjd ivbm G RwÝi gvwjk Ave`ym mvjvg e jb, Zuvi `vkv b nvbweªw gvuv Pvj 42 UvKv, gvuv cvbrvg 47 UvKv I weavi AvUvk 49 UvKv ` i wewµ n Q wzwb e jb, mevb Avkv K iwqj bzyb Pvj Avmvi ci `vg Kg e, wkš e o Q hgb cy iv bv wgwb KU 48 UvKv KwR ` i wewµ n qwqj, GLb bzyb wgwb KU 53 UvKvq wewµ n Q KbRÿ gvim A v mvwm qkb evsjv ` ki (K ve) wnmv e, 2015 mv j gvuv Pv ji Mo `vg wqj gvb f ` 33 _ K 35 UvKv 2016 mv j Zv 35 _ K 37 UvKvq I V me kl 2017 mv ji g gv m Mo `vg UvKvq D V Q Avi c i Zv AviI evo QB kvnev M wbgœ Av qi gvby li Kv Q fvz wewµ K ib b~i Rvnvb Rvbv jb, wikkviqvjvivb Zvui cöavb µzv fv Zi Rb GLb cöwzrb K cöwz ejvq AwZwi³ Qq UvKv w` Z nq fv Zi `vg ewk niqvq µzviv GLb ww gi ZiKvwii cwie Z ïay wwg fvwr w` q Lvb ` ki wewfbœ Rjv _ K wikkvpvj Kiv XvKvq G m M v i R Ae vb K ib mlv b wzb ejv LvIqv I _vkvi e e v K ib M v ir cwipvjk bî Kvbv _ K XvKvq Avmv wikkvpvjk byiæ¾vgvb Rvbvb, Av M GKR bi GK w` bi LvIqvi LiP wqj 100 UvKv Pv ji `vg evovq GLb muv e o M Q 2010 mv ji Lvbv Avq-e q Rwic Abyhvqx, ` ki gvbyl gv_vwcqy cöwzw`b 416 MÖvg Pvj Lvq MÖv g ˆ`wbK gv_vwcqy Pvj LvIqvi nvi 441 `kwgk 6 MÖvg Ab w` K kn i G nvi 344 `kwgk 2 MÖvg gvby li gv_vwcqy ˆ`wbK K vjwi MÖn Yi 62 kzvsk Av m Pvj _ K [*GB cöwz e`b cökv ki ci 2017 mv j Pv ji `vg KwR cöwz AviI e o Q 4-5 UvKv] 17

19 4 LvZwfwËK ch v jvpbv Mv g Um köwgk, cöevmx köwgk, Pv köwgk, wbg vy köwgk, cv_i Ges BUfv½v köwgk grywi e w i `vwe Z Mv g Um köwgkiv kög gš Yvj qi AvIZvaxb KjKviLvbv I cöwzôvb cwi`k b Awa`ß ii (wwavbgdb) Z_ fvûvi Abyhvqx, mviv ` k 4 nvrvi 765wU (Bwc R Wi KviLvbv AšÍf y³ bq) cvkvk KviLvbv Av Q Gi g a XvKvq 1 nvrvi 961wU, MvRxcy i 1 nvrvi 297wU, bvivqym Ä 734wU I PÆMÖv g 674wU KviLvbv Av Q Gme KviLvbvi AwaKvskB evsjv `k cvkvk Lv Zi wkí-kvilvbvi gvwjk `i cöavb `yb msmvb wewrggbg I we KGgBGi m`m Z e ez gv b wkqy KviLvbv Drcv` b bb Dc iv³ wkívâj jvi g a wemz eq i we klfv e XvKv, MvRxcyi I bvivqym Ä e Kqv grywi Ges mvaviyfv e grywi e w i `vwe Z mfv-mgv ek n q Q wewfbœ mg q evsjv ` ki wkílv Z 2017 mvj ïiæb nq grywi e w i `vwe Z Avïwjqv I mvfv i Mv g Um köwgk `i Av `vjb ciez x `gb-cxo bi ga w` q 2016 mv ji kl mßvn jv Z ïiæ niqv GB Av `vj bi ik 2017 mv ji ïiæ ZI Ae vnz wqj hw`i ZLb PjwQj g~jz MÖdZvi I wbcxobce köwgkiv me wbgœ ezb 16 nvrvi UvKv Kivi `vwe Z Kg weiwzmn we vf cö`k b KiwQj Gmgq köwgk we v fi gy L gvwjkiv XvKv _ K wk jvwguvi `~iez x mvfv ii Avïwjqvq 55wU KviLvbv Awbw` ókv ji Rb eü NvlYv K i Z e mikv ii m ½ Av jvpbv I cökvm bi KvQ _ K ÔwbivcËvÕi Avk vm cviqvq Qq w`b ci Gme KviLvbv Ly j `qv nq wkš Gi cii eilv Í Kiv nq 16 kõ köwgk K Avi gvgjv Kiv nq cövq `o nvrvi köwg Ki weiæ eilv Í I gvgjvi cvkvcvwk GB NUbvq köwgk msmvk `i AvUK Ae vnz wqj AvUK köwgk bzviv n jb- Z Yg~j Mv g U köwgk dwv ik bi Avïwjqv kvlvi mfvcwz kvwgg Avn `, Mv g U köwgk d«u mfvcwz mšwgî Kzgvi `vm, ^vaxb evsjv Mv g Um Kg Pvix dwv ik bi mfvcwz Avj-Kvgivb, mvaviy m úv`k kvwkj Avn g`, U UvBj Mv g Um IqvK vm dwv ik bi AvnŸvqK wgrvbyi ingvb wgrvb, evsjv `k Mv g Um G vû wkí köwgk dwv ik bi K `ªxq KwgwUi mfvcwz iwdkyj Bmjvg myrb, evsjv `k BÛvw «qvj köwgk dwv ik bi mvaviy m úv`k Beªvwng cögyl Rvbyqvwii 12 ZvwiL ch ší 11 Rb köwgk bzv cywj ki ndvr Z wq jb Gme köwgk bzv `i weiæ we kl gzv AvB b GKvwaK gvgjvmn 9wU K i gvgjv `v qi Kiv nq Ges w`b K i wigv Û bqv nq D jøl, `ªe g~j I RxebhvÎvi e q e w i cwi cöw ZB g~jz Avïwjqvq-mvfvi-MvwRcy ii Mv g Um köwgkiv grywi e w i `vwe Rvwb qwqj Avïwjqvq cövq 15 kz cvkvk ˆZwii KviLvbv i q Q hvi g a RvgM oi GKwU KviLvbv _ K GB Av `vj bi m~pbv n qwqj GB Av `vjb cöv_wgkfv e wbqgzvwš Kfv e ïiæ n ji Kvb KviLvbv ZB köwgk `i `vwe we epbvq wb q Av jvpbvi D ` vm MÖnY Kiv nqwb Ges Am šívl wbim bi Póv bv K ib köwgk bzv `i MÖdZvi I Zv `i weiæ we kl gzv AvB b gvgjv `v qi Kiv nq GBiƒc `gb-cxob PjvKv jb 2017 mv ji 4 Rvbyqvwi RvZxq gvbevwakvi Kwgk bi Pqvig vb KvRx wiqvryj nk Rvwb qwq jb Avïwjqvi köwgk cwiw wz Z kög AwaKvi j Nb n Q wk-bv, Zv LwZ q `Lv n e Kwgk bi KviIqvb evrvi Kvh vj q Mv g Um köwgk AwaKvi Av `vj bi 12 m` m i GKwU `j Zuvi m ½ `Lv Ki Z M j wzwb ZLb GUv e jwq jb Avïwjqvi köwgk Bmÿ Z Zuvi nv Z mmgq GKwU vikwjwci `Iqv nq vikwjwc MÖnY K i gvbevwakvi Kwgk bi Pqvig vb e jb, 18

20 Avïwjqvi Av `vjbiz köwgk `i weiæ 1974 mv ji we kl AvB b gvgjv `Iqv n q Q e j Awf hvm D V Q köwgk wbh vz bii Awf hvm Ki Qb köwgk bzviv Gme welq LwZ q `L ev Kxfv e köwgk `i mgm vi mgvavb Kiv hvq, Zv wb q KvR Ki ev ZvRix bi AwMœKv Û ` LwQ, köwgk `i Rxe bi P q Kvc oi wbivcëv K ewk cövavb w` qwq jb gvwjkc Gw` K köwgkiv hlb bzzb grywi KvVv gvi Rb GB Av `vjb KiwQj ZLbI A bk KviLvbvq 2013 mv ji gyrwi NvlYviI ev Íevqb nqwb e j Z_ cökvwkz n q Q mikvwi GK cöwz e` bb 2017 mv ji 1 gvp wewfbœ msev` gva g cökvwkz G msµvší GK Le i Rvbv hvq ` k GL bv 10 kzvsk Mv g Um KviLvbv 2013 mv ji grywi NvlYvB AbymiY K i bv Kj-KviLvbv I cöwzôvb cwi`k b Awa`ßi (wwavbgdb)-gi 2016-Gi RyjvB _ K ww m ^i ch ší Qq gv mi Kgcøv qý wi cv U Ggb Z_ cviqv M Q Av jvp mg q 888wU KviLvbv cwi`k b Kiv n q Q Gi g a 593wU wewrggbgi m`m I 120wU we KGgBGÕi m`m fy³ KviLvbv Avi, G `ywu msmv bi m`m bq, Ggb KviLvbv i q Q 175wU GB cöwz e`b Abyhvqx, cwi`k b niqv wewrggbgõi m`m fy³ 593wU KviLvbvi g a 92 kzvsk KviLvbv mikvi wba vwiz grywi KvVv gv AbymiY K i evkx 8 kzvsk KviLvbv mikvi wba vwiz grywi KvVv gv AbymiY K i bv we KGgBG m`m fy³ `i g a GwU AbymiY K i bv 10 kzvsk KviLvbv Ab w` K G `ywu msmv bi m`m bq, Ggb KviLvbvmg~n G ÿ Î AviI wcwq q Gme KviLvbvi 17 kzvskb mikvi wba vwiz grywi KvVv gv AbymiY K i bv grywi e w i `vwei cvkvcvwk 2017 mvj Ry o cvkvk wk í cöavb GK welq wqj KviLvbvi wbivcëv cökœ Gmgq Lei cökvwkz nq h, h_vmg q ms vi KvR kl Ki Z bv cviv Ges Amn hvwmzv Kivi Awf hv M G ch ší ` ki 239wU Mv g U mi m ½ e emvq evwz ji NvlYv w` q Q evsjv ` k BD ivc I Av gwikvi cvkvk µzv `i KviLvbv cwi`k bkvix RvU ÔA vkw Õ I ÔA vjv qýõ G `ywu RvU evsjv ` ki Mv g Um KviLvbvi wbivcëv e e v cwi`k b k l ms vi Kvh µg `Lfvj KiwQj 2017 köwgk bzv `i gyw³i `vwe Z gvbeeüb mvj Ry o Gw` K e emv evwz ji NvlYv `Iqvq evsjv ` ki m ½ e emv Ki Q BD ivc I Av gwikvi Ggb cövq AvovBkÕ eª v Ûi m ½ cöz wksev c iv fv e Kvb ai bi e emv Ki Z cvi e bv DwjøwLZ KviLvbv jv A vkw I A vjv qý Zv `i I qemvb U Gme KviLvbvi bvg I e emv evwz ji KviY Rvwb q Q 2013 mv ji GwcÖ j ivbv cøvrv `yn Ubvi ci BD ivc I Av gwikvi µzviv Avjv`v `ywu cwi`k b cøvudg M o Zv j Ges G ` ki KviLvbv jvi AeKvVv gv cix vi D ` vm bq 228wU eª v Ûi mgš^ q MwVZ RvU ÔA vkw Õ cövq `o nvrvi KviLvbvi cöv_wgk cix v k l ms vi KvR Z`viK Ki Q Avi ÔA vjv qýõ-gi m` fy³ eª vû 30wU G RvU cövq mvzkõ KviLvbvi ms vi Z`viK Ki Q A vkw I A vjv q Ýi Giƒc Kvh µ gi gv SB 2017 mv j MvwRcy i GKwU KviLvbvq eqjvi we ùvi Y A bk köwg Ki nzvn Zi NUbv N U MvRxcy ii Kvwkgcy i cvkvk KviLvbv Ôgvwëd vemõ-gi H we ùvi Y 13 R bi cövynvwb I eû nzvn Zi ci cvkvk KviLvbv jvi eqjvi wbivcëvi welqwui wb R `i ch e Y AšÍf y³ Kivi wpšív Ki Q e j Rvwb q Q BD ivwcq µzv `i RvU A vkw GB cwi`k K RvU cvkvk wk íi Kg -cwi ek Dbœq b wøzxq gqv ` AviI wzb eqi _vk Z Pzw³e n q Q e j cöpvigva g Lei G ji G Z mikvi I gvwjk `i Zid _ K AvcwË i q Q eª vû I µzvcöwzôvb jvi m ½ A vkw bzzb Pyw³ Kivq A ^w Í 19

21 eva Ki Q mikvi I cvkvk wk íi gvwjkc ez gvb Pyw³ Z 2018 mv ji g gv m A vkw I A vjv q Ýi Z`viwK kl niqvi K_v i q Q Mv g Um cwi`k b RvU A vkw evsjv ` k cvkvk Lv Zi köwgk `i Rb bzzb grywi evw MV bi c I gz w` q Q grywi evw MV bi Rb cöavbgš xi Kv Q GKwU wpwvi cvwv q Q Zviv mb m ½ Avïwjqvi kög Am šívl I Gi R i köwgk `i PvKwiPz wzi NUbvq A vk W i c _ K D ØM cökvk Kiv nq Ges H NUbvi cicib A vkw köwgk `i grywi e w i `vwei mg_ b e³e cö`vb K i Z e ` k we ` k Mv g U Lv Zi wewfbœ Awbqg wb q Av jvpbvi cii 2017-Gi DrmeKv j (C`yj Avhnv) cö_g Av jv Z msev` cökvwkz nq h, 40 kzvsk KviLvbvq köwgkiv wba vwiz mg qi Drme fvzv cvbwb GgbwK huviv Drme fvzv c q QbÑZv `ii fvzvi cwigvy wqj AvB b wba vwiz As Ki P q Kg ewkifvm KviLvbvq g~j ez bi kzvsk cwigvy A_ fvzv wn m e `qv nq (20 Ryb 2017) wrgmwc cöm½ 2017-GI evsjv `k hy³iv óªi AMÖvwaKvig~jK evwyr myweav (wrgmwc) wd i cvqwb Pvi eqi c~ e gvwk b hy³iv ó«i evrv i evsjv ` ki wrgmwc myweavq wmzv `k Rvwi K iwqj ZrKvjxb Ievgv cökvmb ivbv cøvrv a mi cwi cöw Z kög AwaKvi Bmÿ K iæz w` qb G wm vší wb qwqj `kwu Gici cöwzeqi hy³ivóª wrgmwc myweavi evwl K ch v jvpbv Ki ji evsjv `k K GB myweav wdwi q `qvi welqwu we epbv Kiv nqwb 2017 mv j gvwk b evwyr cöwzwbwa ms v BDGmwUAvi GK NvlYvq wrgmwci myweav cviqv bzzb cy I ` ki h weeiy cökvk K i Zv Z evsjv ` ki bvg wqj bv ez gv b G myweav cviqv `k jvi g a D jøl hvm K qkwu n jv fviz, B `v bwkqv, _vbj vû, eªvwrj, GKz qwi, Zzi, cvcyqv wbdwmwb, cvwk Ívb, wgmi I KvRvL vb bzyb wrgmwc Kvh µ gi AvIZvq 2017-Gi 1 RyjvB _ K G myweav cv Q H `k jv D jøl, wrgmwc nj Rbv ijvbrw wm g Ae cödv iý ißvwbi Î DbœZ we k ïégy³ AMÖvwaKvig~jK myweav cviqv KB wrgmwc e j A_ vr ïégy³ AMÖvwaKvig~jK myweav _vk j, h ` k cy hv e, m ` k Kvb cökvi f vu, U v w` Z nq bv GB Rb µzv `i UvKv Kg LiP nq GBiƒc myweav c j evsjv `wk gvwjk `i ewk jvf nq mvaviyz we `wk µzv H me `k n Z cvkvk wk b, h ` k wrgmwc myweav Av Q Z e evsjv ` ki ÿ Î `Lv M Q, idzvwb evwy R eo Kvb bwzevpk cöfve dj Z cv iwb wrgmwc wmzv `k 2016 mv ji idzvwb cwimsl v b G `vwei mg_ b cviqv hvq 2016 mv ji hy³iv óªi cy idzvwb _ K evsjv ` ki Avq cöe w i nvi wqj `yb As Ki N i G cöm ½ evwyr gš Yvj qi AwZwi³ mwpe (idzvwb) gv. Avãyi idd ˆ`wbK ewyk evz v K e j Qb, ÔgvwK b wrgmwc wb q mikv ii Ae vb n jv, Avgiv G myweav PvBe bv Zviv hw` GKZidv wm v šíi cwi cöw Z G myweav `q, Zvn j Zv MÖnY Kiv n e Õ 8 Gw` K 2017 mv ji ïiæ ZI evsjv ` ki kög AwaKvi cwiw wz wb q D ØM cökvk K ib gvwk b Ks MÖ mi K qkrb m`m cöavbgš x kl nvwmbv K `qv GK wpwv Z gvwk b Ks MÖ mi 11 m`m e jb, ÔAvgiv D Ø Mi m ½ j KiwQ, kög AwaKv ii cöwz m vb cö`k bi w`k _ K evsjv `k fyj c _ avegvb G cö vc U Avgiv Avcbvi e w³mz n Í c Kvgbv KiwQ cvkvcvwk kög AwaKvi wel q mikv ii bxwz I PP vi Ae qi KviY cwi vi KiviI Aby iva Rvbvw Q Õ 9 wpwv Z D jøl Kiv nq, Ô cvkvk wk í kög AwaKvi wb q kvwšíc~y Kg Kv Û wb qvwrz bzv `i MÖdZvi I AvU Ki NUbv N U Q evsjv ` k `yb ` ki Rvi`vi m ú K i mg_ K wn m e G wel q Avgiv Mfxi D ØM cökvk KiwQ Avgiv Rvb Z c iwq, cvkvk wk í Ôeo ai bi iƒcvšíiõ, ÔKg cwi ek wbivcëvõ I ÔkÖwgK Kj vyõ-gi NvlYv wb q XvKv A vcv ij mvwgu-2017 AbywôZ n Z hv Q hw`i cwiw wz wewrggbgi Gme NvlYvi m ½ mvsnwl K Õ 8 e`iæj Avjg, hy³iv óªi wrgmwc myweav, 10 RyjvB c~ e v³ 20

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23 Ky q Z köwgk cöi Y ez gv b Kv bv bxwzgvjv bv _ vkvq ev _vk ji h_vh_ cö qvm bv _vkvq nvze` ji cvjvq c o wfmvi g~j AvKvkPz ^x n q hv Q wkqz cöevmx evsjv `kxb GBiƒc ga ZvKvix wn m e KvR Ki Qb cöevmx Kg Rxex `i jvk n q ` k Avmv evo Q cöevmx Kj vy I ˆe `wkk Kg ms vb gš Yvj qi AvbygvwbK GK wnmv e 11 G gyn~ Z we k i cövq 160wU ` k cövq GK KvwU evsjv `kx kögrxex-kg Rxex i q Qb G `i A b KB mvgwqk mg qi Rb Kv R wm q Qb Ges Ab vb eq ii g Zv G eqii Giƒc cöevmx köwgk `i we ` k D Pnv i g Zz Ae vnz wqj MYgva g cökvwkz cöevmxkj vy gš Yvj qi Z_ Abyhvqx, cöwzw`b M o AvU _ K `krb cöevmx jvk n q ` k wdi Qb hv `i ekxifv Mi eqm 25 _ K 35 eq ii g a Gme g Zz i AwaKvskB A ^vfvwek 90 kzvs kii ewk gviv hv Qb ü` ivm, gw Í i³ iy wksev `yn Ubvq mvaviy iv M ev eva K RwbZ Kvi Y g Zz LyeB Kg mikvwi wnmv e, 2005 mv j we ` k cöevmx evsjv `wk `i g Zz i msl v wqj GK nvrvi 248 Rb 10 eq i G msl v e o Q K qk b 2015 mv j cöev m wzb nvrvi 307 Rb evsjv `wk gviv M Qb 2016 mv j gvu 3 nvrvi 481 R bi jvk G m Q 2016 ch ší c~e ez x `k eq i ga cövp, BD iv ci wewfbœ `k Ges Ab vb ` k gvu 28 nvrvi 19 Rb evsjv `kx gviv M Qb hv `i g a köwg Ki msl vb 25 nvrvi Ab w` K, 2017 mv ji Ryb ch ší 1 nvrvi 7kÕ 57 Rb cöevmx evsjv `wki gi `n ` k diz Avbv n q Q Gig a nhiz kvn Rvjvj wegvb e `i w` q 1 nvrvi 553 R bi, PÆMÖv gi kvn AvgvbZ wegvbe `i w` q 176 Rb Ges wm ju Imgvbx AvšÍR vwzk wegvbe `i w` q 28 R bi gi `n G m Q cöevmx evsjv `wk, g Z `i ^Rb I we kláiv ej Qb, wewfbœ Kvi Y cöevmx evsjv `wkiv gw Í i i³ÿiy I ü` iv M AvµvšÍ n Q h wecyj UvKv LiP K i we ` k hvb Zuviv, mb UvKv Zyj Z 11 ÿwzc~iy R U g Z köwgk `i ^Rbiv, ˆ`wbK cö_g Av jv, 29 A ±vei 2017 AgvbywlK cwikög, w` b 12 _ K 18 NÈv KvR, A ^v Ki cwi e k Mv`vMvw` K i _vkv, `xn w`b ^Rb `i KvQ _ K wew Qbœ _vkv BZ vw` Kvi Y gvbwmk Pv c fv Mb Zuviv Kj vy ev W i gnvcwipvjk MvRx gvnv ` Ryjnvm cöpvigva g K Rvwb q Qb, ÔGgb g Zz g b biqv Avm jb KóKi h nzy cövq GK KvwU evsjv `wk we ` k _v Kb, Kv RB w` b 8-10 R bi jvk Avmv K Avgiv A ^vfvwek `wl bv Z e AwaKvsk Î g Zz i KviY `Lv hvq `yn Ubv, «vk ev ü` ivm Õ D jøl, cöevmxkj vy gš Yvj qi I qr Avb vm Kj vy evw cöevmx `i jvk ` k Avb Z mn hvwmzv K i _v K g Z e w³ `i cwievi jv K `vd bi Rb wegvbe ` i evw 35 nvrvi UvKv K i Ges c i 3 jvl UvKv K i Avw_ K Abỳ vb `q e j `vwe Kiv nq Gw` K 29 A ±vei 2017 Z ˆ`wbK cö_g Av jv Z cökvwkz GK cöwz e` b `Lv hvq, me kl mvz eq i hme köwgk we ` k Kg iz Ae vq gviv wm q Qb Zv `i 75 fvm cwievib Kvb ÿwzc~iy cvqwb GB cöwz e` b Dc vwcz Z_ _ K `Lv hvq, 2009 _ K 2017-Gi ga ez x mgq ch ší we `k _ K cövq 18 nvrvi köwg Ki g Z `n G m Q wkš GB köwgk `i cwievi jvi g a gvî mv o 4 nvrviwu we `kx wb qvmkvix `i KvQ _ K ÿwzc~iy c q Q mvaviyfv e evsjv `kx köwgkiv h ai bi Pzw³i gva g we ` k KvR Ki Z hvq Zvi `ye jzvi Kvi Y ü` ivm ev gw Í i³ÿiyrwbz g Zz i ÿ Î wb qvmkz v Zv `i cwievi K ÿwzc~iy w` Z eva bq Kej Kg ÿ Î `yn Ubv ev mok `yn Ubv n jb ÿwzc~iy cviqvi AwaKvix nq köwgkiv m ÿ ÎI i q Q nqivwb I `xn m~wîzv cö_g Av jvi Dc i DwjøwLZ cöwz e` b D jøl Kiv nq, Òevsjv `k I qr Avb vm Kj vy ev W i m ½ K_v e j Rvbv M Q, cöev m Kv bv köwgk gviv M j m ` k Aew Z evsjv `k `~Zvevm _ K I qr Avb vm Kj vy evw K Rvbv bv nq evw AvZ xq ^R bi m ½ K_v e j g Z `n ` k Avbv ev we ` kb `vd bi e e v K i A_ev cöevmx köwg Ki AvZ xq ^Rb I qr Avb vm Kj vy evw K Rvbv j evw `~Zvev mi m ½ hvmv hvm K i g Z `n ` k Avbv ev we ` k `vd bi wm vší bq wzc~iy cviqvi Rb ev W i gva g KvMRcÎ `~Zvev m cvvv bv nq `~Zvevm Av`vj Z wzc~i Yi gvgjv K i gvgjv wb úwë n j g Z köwgk `i ^R biv wzc~iy cvb 22

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26 _v K e j Ab vb Lv Z wvkgz bri `Iqv Zv `i Rb KwVb XvKv, bvivqymä, MvRxcyi I PÆMÖv gi cvkvk KviLvbv jv wb qb Zv `i e Í _vk Z n Q cwi`k b wefv Mi AbymÜv b `Lv M Q, wbg vy Lv Z msnwuz `yn Ubvi KviY jvi g a i q QÑfv jv wmuwo I wmuwo Z ch vß Av jvi Afve; G jv g jvfv e iw, evjy I BU ivlv; Kg Î bu bv _vkv A_ev bvryk b Ui e envi; KwcK ji e e v bv _vkv; nj gu, ` Ívbvi e e v bv Kiv; Lvwj cv q KvR Kiv; cöpû iv ` KvR Kiv; AmveavbZv I Am PZbfv e Ave v b cö ek; ÎywUc~Y hš cvwzi e envi; wekövg Kg bqv, `ye j gvpv, `qvj I gvwu Pvcv cov; SzjšÍ Ae vq Kv Ri mgq eë e envi bv Kiv; fv jv RyZv e envi bv Kiv; AvaywbK hš cvwzi Afve; ÎywUc~Y ˆe`ywZ K jvbb BZ vw` Gme Kvi Y wbg vy Lv Z cöwzwbqzb NU Q `yn Ubv GB Lv Zi gvwjkiv cöfvekvjx niqvq ewkifvm Î wbnz I AvnZ köwgk mwvk wzc~iyi cv Qb bv Kv bv Kv bv Î cöv_wgk wpwkrmv _ KI ewâz n Qb AvnZ köwgkiv cv_i Ges BU fv½v köwgk `i wmwj Kvwmm iv M AvµvšÍ niqv Ae vnz Av Q msl vmz wepv i evsjv ` ki wekvj GK köglvz GKB m ½ me P q ewk Ae nwjz köglvz jvii GKwU ` ki me Î GB köwgkiv Av Qb KD cv_i D Ëvjb, KD cv_i fv½v Ges BU fv½vi m ½ hy³ Zuviv cv_i I BU fv½vii A bk aib i q Q Kvb Kvb köwgk nvzzwo e envi K i cv_i fv ½b A b K µvkvi gwk b cv_i ev BU fv½vi KvR K ib evsjv `k fviz _ K wecyj cv_i Avg`vwb Ki ji A bk b`x _ KI GLv b cv_i D Ëvjb Kiv nq Rvdjs qi wcqvbb b`x _ K cv_i D Ëvjb Kv R cövq GK jvl köwgk RwoZ g~jz A ±vei _ K deªæqvwi GLv b cv_i D Ëvjb nq Avevi Avg`vwbK Z cv_ ii ÿ Î `Lv hvq m jv fv½vi Rb je `i jvi Av kcv k mywbw` ó cwi ekmz iÿvkep QvovB kz kz köwgk KvR Ki Q GBiƒc A bk v bb µvkvi gwkb ev wmöûvi gwkb _ K m ó cv_i fv½vi ay jvq köwgkiv dzmdz mi wmwj Kvwmm iv M AvµvšÍ n Q XvKvi eÿe vax nvmcvzv ji wpwkrmkiv cö_g GBiƒc köwgk `i gv S wmwj Kvwmm iv Mi cöv`yf ve kbv³ K ib jvjgwbinv Ui cvumöv g Giƒc iv M K qk eq ii e eav b Pvi kzvwak e w³ K AvµvšÍ n Z `Lv M QÑ hv `i g a AšÍZ 65 Rb B Zvg a gvivi M Q G wel q mbdwu GÛ ivbu mi mnvqzvq fz³ fvmxiv kög Av`vj Z G ch ší 65wU gvgjvi `v qi K i Qb D jøl, cvumöv gi eywogvix je `i w` q cöwzw`b cövq 100 Mvwo wewfbœ ai bi cv_i wb q Av m fviz _ K Avg`vwbK Z Gme cv_i fv½v nq gnvmo Ki Av kcv kb Avi G Kv R hy³ nq vbxq `wi`ª köwgkiv cövq 11 nvrvi cv_i fv½v 25

27 köwgk i q Q GB GjvKvq 12 mpivpi 50 KwR IR bi GK e Ív cv_i uov Kivi Rb köwgkiv 5 _ K 10 UvKv ch ší cvb M o cöwz köwgk ˆ`wbK e Ív cv_i uov K ib hme cöwzôvb cv_i fv½vi KvR Ki Q Zv `i köwgk `i ^v wb q Kvb fvebv bb, eva evakzvi bb G wel q mikvwi Kvb `ß ii Z`viwKI bb AbymÜv b GI Rvbv M Q, wecyj köwgk cöwzwbqz wmwj Kvwmm iv M AvµvšÍ n q Pj ji Zv kbv³ Kiv Ges cö qvrbxq wpwkrmvi mvg_ bb vbxq ^v K `ª Avevi `wi`ª ivmx `i wefvmxq kni ev ivravbx Z G m wpwkrmv bqvi m e nq bv GB iv M AvµvšÍiv cö_ g k vmkó Ges c i µ g ïwk q h Z _v Kb cv_i fv½vi ay jv _ K m ó ^v msku QvovI GB Lv Zi A bk köwgk cv_i D ËvjbKv ji gviv hv Q 2017 mv ji 18 gvp cökvwkz WBwj v ii GK m úv`kxq Z D jøl Kiv nq h, me kl Pvi eq i Kej wm ju Rjvq wewfbœ b`x _ K cv_i D ËvjbKv j f wga m 60 Rb köwgk gviv M Q GKB m úv`kxq _ K Rvbv hvq h, Kej wm j Ui wewfbœ Dc Rjvq cv_i fv½vi Rb 397wU µvkvi gwk bi e envi jÿ K i Qb m irwgb AbymÜvbKvixiv Gw` K evsjv `k cöwzw`b 2017 mv ji 10 Ryb GK cöwz e` b wj L Q, cövynvzx e vwa wmwj Kvwm mi SyuwK Z i q Qb Kej câm ob cövq 50 nvrvi cv_i köwgk Gi A a Ki ewk bvix mwvkfv e ivm wby qi Afv e G iv M mlv b wbqwgz gviv hv Qb A b K Ab w` K, cv_i fv½v köwgk `i P qi msl vq e vck i q Q BUfv½v köwgkiv BUfv½v köwgkiv KL bv w`b wnmv eñkl bv Avevi em dzu wnmv e KvR K ib eo eo kn i 8-9 N Uv L U 3-5 kõ UvKv ch ší Avq nq kni _ K `~iez x GjvKv jv Z grywi AviI Kg A bk wkï köwgki AcÖvwZôvwbK GB Lv Z hy³ m Þ ^i, XvKv wuªwedb, XvKv 26

28 5 kög Av `vjb 2017 `ywu Km vww Pvgov wk íi vbvšíi: köwgkiv eû mgm vq c o Q XvKvi nvrvwievm K `ªxK evsjv ` ki Pvgov wk í cövq 25 nvrvi köwgk wbhy³ wqj 2017 mv j wkí köwgk `i RM Z me P q wech qki Ae vq c o Pvgov wk íi H köwgkiv nvrvwievm _ K GB wkí K mvfv ii ngv qzcy i vbvšíi Kiv n j wecbœ Ae vq c o nvrvi nvrvi gvby li K qk `k Ki ckvmz Rxeb Gmgq wkí gvwjk `i mikvi KviLvbv cybt vc bi Rb cøu w` ji köwgk `i emev mi Kvb e e vb Kiv nqwb d j hme köwgk nvrvwiev M cwievi-cwirbmn wqj Zviv mvfv i P j h Z cviwqj bv Avevi gvwjk `i cøu `qv n ji ïiæ Z A bk cø UB KviLvbv Pvjy Kivi g Zv AeKvVv gv, we`ÿ Z, M vm, cvwbi ms hvm wqj bv d j Gme KvivLvbvq köwgk `i `xn w`b Kg nxb _vk Z nq Gfv e U vbvwi vbvšíi GLv Zi köwgk `i Rb ïiæ Z AeY bxq mgm v e q Av b Kej 2017 mv ji gvsvgvws G m mlv b we`ÿ Z- M vm-cvwbi mieivn ^vfvwek nq wkš köwgk `i Rb Riæwi A bk wel q mgm v i qb M Q cy iv GjvKvq mwjw er e e vcbvi Kvb myivnv nqwb Ges wkí GjvKvi iv ÍvNvUI Pjv divi AZ ší Abyc hvmx bzzb Pvgov wkí bmix Z köwgkiv Kgb Av Q m wel q 2017 mv ji 28 AvM GK M elyv cöwz e`b cökvk K i ÔmvD_ Gwkqvb buiqvk Ab B KvbwgK g Wwjs (mv bg)õ Ôi vwcw G mm g U Ae nvrvixevm U vbvwirõ wk ivbv g H M elyvi dj Zy j a i cöwzôv bi Pqvig vb W. erjyj L `Kvi Rvbvb 13, mvfv i Rxeb avi Yi Rb Aek cö qvrbxq Dcv`vb Avevmb, nvmcvzvj, yj I K vw Ub myweav bb e j vbvšíwiz köwgk `i 92 kzvsk Zv `i Kv Q Awf hvm K i Qb GQvov vbvšíikv j RyjvB-AMv i ezbmn U vbvwi gvwjk `i _ K Kv bv wzc~iy cvqwb cövq 95 kzvsk köwgk GB M elyv ms vi cÿ _ K AviI Rvbv bv nq, cwievi wb q `vwi`ª mxgvi Dc i evm Ki Z hlv b GKRb U vbvwi köwg Ki gvwmk ezb b~ bzg 11 nvrvi 130 UvKv niqv cö qvrb, mlv b köwgk `i A b Ki me wb œ ezb cvup nvrvi UvKvI i q Q D jøl, U vbvwi wkí XvKvi cwi ek I cvk ez x b`x `~ly KiwQj e vckfv e ZviB cöwÿ Z ` ki D P Av`vjZ 2017 mv ji gvp ch ší GB wkí gvwjk `i mgq eu a `q Zv `i Rb M o IVv bzzb wkícjøx mvfv ii ngv qzcy i P j h Z gvwjkiv GB mgqmxgv AMÖvn Ki j Av`vjZ cwi ek Awa`ßi K wb ` k `q KviLvbv jvi M vm-we`ÿ Z-cvwbi ms hvm wew Qbœ Ki Z 8 GwcÖj Gfv e 205wU KviLvbvi ms hvm wew Qbœ Kiv nq d j Hme KviLvbvi köwgkiv ZvrÿwYKfv e Kg nxb n q c o Gmgq GKw` K wkqz KviLvbv vbvšíi n ji bzzb wkí GjvKvq köwgk `i Avevmb, Zv `i mšívb `i cov jlv, wpwkrmv BZ vw`i Kvb e e v bv _vkvq mlv b Zviv hvm w` Z cviwqj bv Avevi Kg nxb Ae vq nvrvwiev M Ae vb KivI m e nw Q jv bv gvwjk `i cÿ _ K Awf hvm I V, nvrvwiev M 13 article bdnews 27

29 e emv wqj Ggb 45wU cöwzôvb ngv qzcy i cøub cvqwb ^fvez GBiKg cöwzôvb jv eü n q covq mlv b Kg iz köwgkivi Kg nxb n q c o me kl AbymÜv b `Lv hvq, cövq 92wU KviLvbv ILv b KvR ïiæ K i Q köwgk `i GKUv eo Ask nvrvwievm GjvKv _ K cöwzw`b mvfvi hvzvqvz Ki Q GB hvzvqvzkv jb Zv `i ˆ`wbK Av qi AšÍZ GK PZz_ vsk A_ LiP n q hv Q Aí msl K köwgk ngv qzcy ii _vk Q ILv b hviv _vk Q Zv `i Ae v Lye Lvivc we kl K i evmv fvov nvrvwiev Mi Zyjbvq cövq w` Y cöv_wgk wpwkrmvi Kvb ai bi e e v bb Lvevi mskui i q Q U vbvwi vbvší ii cy iv cöwµqvq Ges bzzb U vbvwi cjøx M o Zvjvi cöwµqvq köwgk `i welq gv_vq ivlv nqwb e jb jÿ Kiv hvq gvwjkiv vbvší ii wewbg q Rwg cviqvi cöwzköæwz c q Qb Ges webvg~ j K `ªxq er cwi kvayvmvii cv eb e j mikvi A½xKvi K i Q A_P h köwgk `i nvz a i A_ eq ii GB LvZ 116 KvwU Wjv ii cy idzvwb K i Q mb köwgk `i Rb vbvšíi cöwµqvq Kvb c` ÿcb wqj bv Gi 19 Ryb U vbvwi gvwjk `i m ½ köwgk `i GB g g Pzw³I n qwqj h, wkí vbvšíi n j köwgk `i Avevm bi e e v gvwjkivb Ki e mb Pzw³ cöwzcvwjz nqwb GKB Pzw³ Z mvfv i vbvší ii ci köwgk `i PvKzwii avivevwnkzv hv Z iwÿz nq mb `vwei wqj Pvgov wk íi wmsnfvm köwgk KB `k Ki ci `kk a i A vqxwfwë Z KvR Kiv bv nq d j vbvšíi cöwµqvq gvwjk `i c ÿ mn RB Gme köwg Ki A bk K PvKzwiPz Z Kiv m e nq A b KB g b Ki Qb, köwgk `i cöwz Ae njv I Zv `i b vh AwaKv ii eâbv AwZ m vebvgq GB wk íi wekv ki c _ GK eo AšÍivq Dc i DwjøwLZ M elyvq mv bg e j Q, Ôcwi ekevüe e e vcbv I gvbm Z UKmB AeKvVv gv wbwðz Kiv M j GB Lv Zi idzvwb Avq 500 KvwU Wjvi n Z cv i Õ D jøl, 1990 mv ji AvM ch ší evsjv `k ïay Pvgov cöwµqvrvz Kivi cö_g avc I qu eøy Ki ji c i ciez x av ci (µv I wdwbkw) KvR jvi n Z _v K 2000 mv ji c i ` k PvgovRvZ cy ˆZwii wkíi M o DV Z ïiæ K i GLb Pvgov I PvgovRvZ cy ißvwb ` ki wøzxq cöavb ißvwb LvZ aviyv Kiv n Q, cvup eqi c i evsjv ` ki 20 kzvsk gvbyli hw` eq i GK Rvov RyZv ev m v Ûj wkb Z M o 2 nvrvi UvKv e q K ib, Zvn ji ` kb GB Lv Zi 7-8 nvrvi KvwU UvKvi evrvi ˆZwi n e, hv cövq 2 wewjqb Wjv ii mgvb Ab w` K Px bi ißvwb evrv ii 5 kzvsk evsjv ` k G j ißvwb Avq 10 wewjqb Wjvi Qvov e Pvgov Lv Z evsjv ` ki eo kw³ n jv GB wkí m ú~y `kr KvuPvgvjwfwËK PzbviæNv U Avevw` Rwg iÿvq Pv köwgk `i Av `vjb nwem Äi PzbviæNv U `ywu Pv evmv b köwgk `i Avevw` Rwg iÿvi Av `vjb G eqii g `yj q Ae vnz wqj Z e mikvwi Zid _ K Rwg `L ji Av qvrb w wzwgz niqvq köwgk `i c ÿi Av `vjb w wzwgz n q G m Q mvj _ K GB Av `vj bi m~îcvz, hlb vbxq Pv `cyi I emg Lvb evmv bi 511 GKi K wl Rwg mikvi we kl B KvbwgK Rvb Kivi Rb Ôevsjv `k B KvbwgK Rvb A_wiwU ( erv) K `q GBiƒc eivï `qvi ÿ Î mikvi Dc iv³ Rwg K Lvm I cwzz wn m e `Lv ji Kvh Z Zv wqj WvbKvb bv gi Pv evmvb KZ c ÿi jxr bqv Rwg Pv köwgkiv evmvb KZ cÿ _ K eivï wb q GB Rwg Z cövq `o kz eqi a i K wl KvR Ki Q h nzz Pv köwgkiv evmv b KvR K i mvgvb grywi cvq m Kvi Y evmvbkz cÿ köwgk `i Lv` wbivcëvi ^v _ evmv bi mgzj Rwg Z K wl KvR Ki Z `q GBiƒc K wl KvR Qvov köwgk 28

30 K wl Rwg iÿvq Pv köwgk mšívbivi wgwq j bv g cwievi jvi Lvev ii msku Zxeª n q D V d j mikvi hlb emglvb I Pv `cyi evmv bi Avevw` Rwg jv A_ bwzk Rvb Kivi Rb wb q wb Z m Pó nq ZLb PzbviæNvU AÂ ji mkj Pv köwgk GKwÎZ n q Zvi cöwzev` Rvbvq GB j ÿ ZLb ZvrÿwYKfv e MwVZ nq ÔPv evmvb f wg iÿv KwgwU Õ GB KwgwU erv KZ K Rwg wb q bqv eü Kivi `vwe Z cöavbgš x eive ii vikwjwc w` qwqj m irwg b `Lv M Q, 2017 mv ji erv KZ cÿ Rwg Z `Lj Kv qg _ K weiz i q Q Ges m Kvi Y köwgkivi wgwqj mgv ek Kiv Kwg q w` q Q Z e h Kvb mgq Rwg `L j bqvi Póv n jb köwgkiv Avevi Av `vjb ïiæ Ki e e j Rvbv hvq KviY Rwg `Lj Kvh µg br i bv G ji mikvwi Kg KZ viv gv S gv SB e j _v Kb, GLv b B KvbwgK Rvb n eb D jøl, GB Av `vj bi mg_ b XvKvi Ôme cövyõ mvs wzk gâ PzbviæNvU I XvKv wek we` vj q GKvwaK `dvq mvs wzk Drm ei Av qvrb K i welqwu RvZxq gb hv M Avbvi ÿ Î iæz c~y f wgkv wb qwqj 29

31 6 kög I Kg ms vb LvZ RvZxq ev RU ch v jvpbv ev RU: c wz I Z_ MZ we epbv evsjv ` ki msweavb Abyhvqx ÔcÖRvZ š i mkj ÿgzvi gvwjk RbMYÕ Z e RvZxq Rxe bi Ab Zg iæz c~y NUbv wn m e ev RU Kv_vq, Kv `i Øviv Ges KLb cöyxz nq Zv ` ki mvaviy gvbyl mvgvb B Rv bb köwgk `i c ÿi muv Rvbv `ytmva ` ki A_ gš x 2017 mv ji ev RU e³ Zvq e jwq jb, ev RU cöyqb cöwµqv K ^ Q I AskMÖnYg~jK Ki Z K lk _ K ïiæ K i mwpe ch ší wewfbœ gn ji m ½ mxwgz cwim i n ji msjv c wm qwq jb Zuviv Zuvi fvlvq ÔGgbwK Avgiv wkï `i m ½I gz wewbg q K iwq Õ 14 kögrxex `i Kvb cöwzwbwaz kxj msmvb ev e w³e M i m ½ GBiƒc Kvb msjvc AbywôZ nqwb A_ vr evsjv ` ki ev RU cöyqb cöwµqvq köwgkiv Kvb cÿ bq Av Rv ev RU e³ Zvq A_ gš x G Gg G gywnz Rvwb q Qb, ` k gv_vwcqz Avq ez gv b (2017 mv j) M o 1 nvrvi 602 gvwk b Wjvi hv cövq GK `kk c~ e ( A_ eq i) wqj 543 gvwk b Wjvi A_ vr GK `kk c~ e ` k GKRb gvby li gv_vwcqz gvwmk Mo Avq wqj cövq 45 Wjvi hv ez gv b cövq 133 Wjvi jÿ Yxq, GKB mg q köwgk `i (D`vniY wn m e Mv g U köwgk `i) b~ bzg grywi wqj gvwmk cövq Wjvi (1662 UvKv) Ges GLb Zv 66 Wjvi (5300 UvKv) A_ vr me P q AwaK cöe w i wkí Lv Zi köwgk `i Mo Avq ez gvb evsjv ` k RvZxq Mo Av qi cövq A a K Ae vb Ki Q A_ gš x ev RU e³ Zvq GI e j Qb, MZ GK `k K ` k ÔnZ`wi`ªÕ I Ô`wi`ªÕ gvby li msl v A bk K g Q ez gv b (2017 mv j) `wi`ª gvby li msl v RbmsL vi 23.2 kzvsk Ges nz`wi`ª gvbyl n jv 12.9 kzvsk hv GK `kk c~ e wqj h_vµ g 14 ev RU e³ Zv, c Ges 24.2 kzvsk D jøl, nz`wi`ª I `wi`ª gvby li msáv w` Z h q cwikíbv Kwgk bi mvaviy A_ bxwz wefv Mi m`m kvgmyj Avjg ` ki GKwU ˆ`wbK K e j Qb, 15 gšwjk Pvwn`v c~i Y e q c wz Abyhvqx, GKRb e w³ K ˆ`wbK 2122 K vjwi Lv` L Z nq Gi Rb h cwigvy A_ cö qvrb (AvbygvwbK cövq wzb nvrvi UvKv), IB e w³ ev e w³ `i cwievi hw` mb Avq Ki Z m g bv nb, Z e wzwb/zuviv `wi`ª mb wnmv e, `vwi`ª mxgvi Ic i DV Z n j ez gvb evrv i Pvi m` m i GKwU cwievi K gv m Kgc ev iv nvrvi UvKv Avq Ki Z n e Ab w` K GKRb e w³ hlb ˆ`wbK 1805 K vjwi Lv` Kbvi A_ (AvbygvwbK cövq 1 nvrvi 600 UvKv) ms vb Ki Z cv ib bvñzlb wzwb nz`wi`ª A_ vr Pvi m` m i GKwU cwievi hw` gv m 6 nvrvi 400 UvKv Avq Ki Z e _ nq Zvn j Zv `i nz`wi`ª ejv hvq Dc iv³ msávqb _ K mvaviyfv e Abygvb Kiv hvq, ` ki `wi`ª I nz`wi`ª cwievi jvi gv S köwgk cwievi jvi msl vb AwaK ev RU: köwgk `i Rb eivïmz we epbv mv ji RvZxq ev R U gvu eivï wqj 4,00,266 KvwU UvKv Avi Gi g a kög I deªæqvwi 2015, cö_g Av jv 30

32 Kg ms vb gš Yvj qi Rb eivï wqj 262 KvwU UvKv! KŠZznjDÏxcK w`k n jv, ev R U RvZxq eivï e w c ji kög I Kg ms vb gš Yvj qi eivï K g M Q A_ eq i RvZxq eivï wqj 3,40,605 KvwU Avi kög I Kg ms v bi Rb D³ eq i eivï wqj 307 KvwU UvKv A_ vr RvZxq eivï c~e ez x eq ii P q A_ eq i cövq 17 kzvsk e w c ji kög gš Yvj qi eivï cövq 15 kzvsk K g hvq ch eÿ Y GI `Lv hvq, me kl A_ eq i ` ki me jv gš Yvj qi P q kög gš Yvj qi eivï Kg wqj! kögrxex gvby li m ½ m úwk Z Aci gš Yvj qi ÿ Î Aek wpîuv mvgvb c _K A_ eq i cöevmx Kj vy I ˆe `wkk Kg ms vb gš Yvj qi eivï 560 KvwU UvKv _ K e o 688 KvwU UvKv Kiv nq jÿyxq, kög gš Yvjq ev cöevmx Kj vy gš Yvjq Dfq ÿ ÎB, cövq cöwz eqib ev RU eivï ms kvwaz n q K g hvq cöevmx Kj vy gš Yvj qi Rb 2016 mv j 560 KvwU UvKv eivï _vk ji ms kvwaz ev R U Zv n q hvq 481 KvwU UvKv kög gš Yvj qi ÿ ÎI D³ eqi g~j eivï 307 KvwU UvKv _vk ji ms kvwaz ev R U Zv 290 KvwU UvKvq `uvovq D jøl, mvaviyfv e hw`i A_ bxwzwe` I mgvrweávbxiv e j _v Kb, evsjv ` ki g Zv ` k Dbœqb cwikíbv I ev RU eiv Ï AMÖvwaKvi cviqv DwPZ K wl, ^v Ges kög I Kg ms vb BZ vw` LvZ, A_P ev Í e ev R U AMÖvwaKvi c q Q cöwziÿv, AeKvVv gv wbg vy, R vjvwb BZ vw` LvZ A_ gš xi ev RU e³ Zvq köwgk `i ^v_ mswkøó hme Ô NvlYvÕ i q Q K. bmivqb cöwµqvq wbg vy I cwienb Lv Z kögnb KŠkj cö qv Mi gva g ch vß Kg ms v bi e e v Kiv n e L. ˆZwi cvkvk LvZ wekv k Pjgvb Kvh µg Ae vnz _vk e d j GLv b gwnjv Kg x wb qv Mi cwigvy e w cv e M. köwgk `i cö qvrbxq cöwkÿy cö`vb Kiv n e N. mkj Dc Rjvq KvwiMix cöwkÿy K `ª vcb I we` gvb KvwiMix cöwkÿy K `ª jv AvaywbKvqb Kivi cwikíbv bqv n e O. 22wU gš Yvjq/wefvM KZ K ev Íevqbvaxb mkj `ÿzv Dbœqb Kvh µ gi mgš^q mva b Ôb vkbvj w j W fjc g U A_wiwU (GbGmwWG) gwš mfvq Aby gv`b n q Q ez gv b GbGmwWG MV bi j ÿ AvB bi Lmov cöyqb Pj Q P. RvZxq gvbe m ú` Dbœqb Znwej (GbGBPAviwWGd) n e gwš mfvq Aby gv` bi ci Kv úvwb wn m e GwU iwr ªkb n e Q. Pv köwgk `i Rxeb gvb Dbœqb Kg m~wp Lv Z 15 KvwU UvKv eivï Ges Lv` `ªe vw`i cwie Z RbcÖwZ GKKvjxb bm` 5 nvrvi UvKv `qv n e R. we `kx wgkb jv Z A_ eqi _ KB gwkb wi Wej cvm cvu Kvh µg Pvjy n e S. RvnvR fv½v wk íi Rb Ôevsjv `k RvnvR cyb:cöwµqvrvzkiy AvBbÕ cöyq bi KvR Pj Q GQvov GB Lv Zi köwgk `i myiÿvq er e e vcbvq cövwzôvwbk myweav Movi cwikíbv bqv n q Q ev R U köwgk `i wb œv³ `vwe-`viqv m ú K w`kwb ` kbv cviqv hvqwb 16 MYZvwš K ev RU Av `vj bi cÿ _ K cöwz eq ii g Zv 2017 mv ji ev RU DÌvcbKv j mikv ii Kv Q wb œiƒc welq jv DÌvcb Kiv nq: GK. Avw_ K AmgZv `~i Kivi j ÿ c` ÿc MÖnY A_ bxwz hz wekwkz n Q, Avw_ K myweav I m ú` ZZB mgv Ri myweavcövß Rb Mvôxi gv S K `ªxf~Z n Q d j RvZxqfv e A_ bwzk AmgZvi Pig we f` ilv ˆZwi n q Q Ges AmgZv µ g evo Q Gi Aemv b RvZxq m ú` msmön I Dbœqb eiv Ïi KŠk j Avg~j cwiez b cö qvrb `yb. Kg ms vb cökœ wemz eqi jvi AwfÁZv _ K `Lv hv Q, Kg ms vb m wó GLbI RvZxq A_ bwzk cwikíbvi ev Íe cöavb jÿ n q DV Q bv d j KvwU KvwU ZiæY ekvi wksev QÙ ekvi wzb. grywi cwiw wzi Dbœqb I grywi Kwgkb K kw³kvjx Kiv UKmB Dbœqb Ges `vwi`ª we gvp bi ^v _ grywi cwiw wzi Dbœqb Ges grywi Kwgk bi `ÿzv e w mikv ii Ab Zg AMÖvwaKvicÖvß 16 mbdwu GÛ ivbum ev RUKv j kögrxex `i ^v _ GBiƒc GKwU cö Íve Zz j a iwqj 31

33 Kg KŠkj niqv Riæwi GKB m ½ mikvwi Kg Pvwi `i g ZvB emikvwi Lv ZI cöwz eqi g~j ùxwzi m ½ mvgäm i L ^qswµqfv e kzvsk nv i grywi e w i weavb Kiv m½z Pvi. Kg ms v bi j ÿ cöwkÿy wkÿvi cwimi evo ji Kg gylx wkÿv Ges Kg ms vbgylx cöwkÿy K `ª GLbI AwZ Kg h Kvi Y we ` k Kv Ri müv b hviv hv Qb Zv `i gv S ^í`ÿ `i msl vb me vwak Avevi D PwkwÿZ ekv ii msl v evo ji Zv `i wkÿvñkg ms v b Zv `i mnvqzv Ki Z e _ n Q mikvi wkÿvlv Z h eivï w` q _v K Zvi AvIZvq ` k hy Mvc hvmx KvwiMix cöwkÿy K `ª evov bv cö qvrb cuvp. Kv Ri müv b we `k hviqvi cöwµqv mnr Kiv cöevmx Kg Rxex-kÖgRxexiv A_ bxwzi wfwë n ji GB LvZwU RvZxq A_ bwzk cwikíbv I mykvm bi ÿ Î AMÖvwaKvi c q Q GgbwU ejv gykwkj Kv Ri müv b we ` k hviqv AwZ e qeûj n q co Q Dciš we ` k evsjv `kx `i `ỳ kvq vbxq evsjv `k `~Zvev mi f wgkv wb q cöevmx köwgkiv A b KB ÿzä ` k Avevmb I wewb qvm myweav cö`v bi ÿ Î cöevmx evsjv `kx `i AMÖvwaKv ii welqwui GL bv mywbw` ó wm vší AvKv i nvwri nqwb Qq. kögrxex `i hvbevnb msku I Avevmb msku mgvavb cöavb cöavb kni jv kögrxex `i Rb hvbevnb I Avevmb msku cöavb GK `ywðšívi welq cöwzwu bm i w`mší cv ë hv Q nvdwrs m± ii wekv k wkš ^í Av qi gvbyl `i Zv Z KvbB cö ekvwakvi bb ivóª GKw` K ^í Av qi gvbyl `i Rb Rbcwienb e e v M o Zzj Z e _ n q Q Ges ^í Av qi gvbyl `i Rb e vckwfwëk Avevmb cwikíbvi Abycw Z mvz. wbivc` Kg cwi ek ˆZwi evsjv ` ki wkívq bi GK eo AvšÍR vwzk cwiwpwz M o D V Q Zvi Awbivc` Kg cwi e ki Kvi Y wkí vcbvq h_vh_ bri`vwii Afve Ges G msµvší AvBb-Kvby bi ev ÍevqbnxbZv KjKviLvbv jv Z `yf vm RbK I wec¾bk GK cwiw wz Kv qg K i Q mbdwu GÛ ivbum-gi AbymÜv b `Lv hvq, 2016 Gi Rvbyqvwi _ K ww m ^i ch ší ïay Kg ÿ Î `yn Ubvq 382 Rb köwgk wbnz n q Q gvu 258wU Kg ÿ Î Gme köwgk gviv hvq GBiƒc `yn Ubvi e vckzv wbivc` Kg ÿ Îi Rb ivóªxq n Í ÿ ci cö qvrbxqzv Zz j ai Q AvU. köwgk `i Rb ikwbs e e v evsjv ` k evrvi e e v K cövq cy ivb e emvqx mgv Ri B Qv-Awb Qvi Ici Q o `qv n q Q d j ^í Av qi gvbyl gvîb mlv b Amnvq G ÿ Î Zv `i Rb ikb e e v Acwinvh mikvi G ÿ Î eo eo LvZ jvi gvwjk mwgwzi m ½ wøcvwÿk wfwë Z Giƒc ikb e e vi MvovcËb Ki Z cv i e Z Giƒc ikwbs qi Afv e cwiev ii Avw_ K msku mvgvj w` Z bv c i kögrxex cwievimy jv Z wkïköwg Ki Rb n Q bq. Avw_ K cöe w Z köwgk wnm v Ges mvgvwrk wbivcëv A_ bxwzi cöe w i wnm vq köwgk `i AšÍfz ³ Kivi mgq n q Q GLb mikvi ev R U wewfbœ A_ bwzk LvZ K hme cö Yv`bv w` q _v K muvi mydji H Lv Zi köwgk `i gv S Kxiƒc wnm vq ew UZ n Q m wel q Z`viwK I AvBbMZ wb ` kbv _vkv DwPZ GQvov mvgvwrk wbivcëv Lv Z ez gv b h wecyj mikvwi eivï hv Q Zv Z köwgk cwievi jv K AMÖvwaKvi wfwë Z AšÍfz ³ Kiv cö qvrb `k. f wgcökœ K c v iu A_ bxwzi ^v _ Avev`x Rwgi AwaMÖnY Pj ji MÖvgxY gryi `i wekí Kg ms v b Kvb e e v Kiv n Q bv welqwu mivmwi ev RU eiv Ïi ms ½ hy³ bv n ji Kg ms v bi m ½ hy³ bxwzmz welq wn m e ev RU msµvší Av jvpbvq Avmv cö qvrb GMvi. gvz Z Kvjxb myweavi m úªmviy I W- Kqvi m Uvi M o Zvjv kög AvBb (2006) Abyhvqx Kvb KviLvbvq GKRb bvix köwg Ki Kg Kvj 6 gvm n jb cöm~wzkv j wzwb m ezb 16 mßvn QzwU cviqvi 32

34 AwaKvixÑwKš Kvh Z Zvi c~y cöwzcvj b Awbqg NU Q e j cövqb Z_ g j G ÿ Î cö qvr b emikvwi LvZ K ivóªxq cö Yv`bv w` q n ji GB bxwzi ev Íevqb NUv Z n e evi. kögrxex nvmcvzvj emikvwi LvZ wbf i wpwkrmv e e vq ^í Av qi `wi`ª kögrxexiv Amȳ Zvi mgq AZ ší wec`mö Í n q c o Ges avi `bvq Rwo q c o hv Zv `i `vwi`ª cwiw wzi AviI AebwZ NUvq RvZxq cöe w Z kögrxex `i Ae`vb K we epbvq wb q Ges mvwe K `vwi`ª cwiw wzi Dbœq bi ^v _ cöwzwu Rjvq AšÍZ GKwU K i Ges wefvmxq kn i GKvwaK msl vq AvaywbK myweavm úbœ kögrxex nvmcvzvj cöwzôv Kiv cö qvrb Zi. grm köwgk `i myiÿvq Kv Mv W i `ÿzv Dbœqb I wpswo cöwµqvkiy KviLvbvi cwi ek Dbœqb RvZxq Av q grm Lv Zi i q Q 4-5 kzvsk Ae`vb wkš GB Lv Zi köwgk `i myiÿvq RvZxq D ` vm-av qvrb AcÖZzj grm Lv Zi m úªmvwiz iƒc wn m e ` k ez gv b kzvwak grm cöwµqvkiy KviLvbv i q Q Lyjbv AÂj K `ªxK Gme KviLvbvi köwgkivi kög AwaKvi eâbvi wkkvi Zv `i myiÿvq I Rxebgvb Dbœq b KjKviLvbv cwi`k b wefvm Ges wb œ grywi evw K e envi K i mikv ii A bk wkqz Kivi i q Q PŠÏ. wmgmavi Kvh µg mgš^ q RvZxqwfwËK KvVv gv m wó cö qvrb e emv q jv fi GKUv Ask kögrxex `i Kj v Y e q n e GUvB wmgmavi (K c v iu `i mvgvwrk `vwqz kxjzv) aviyvi g~jk_v ez gv b A bk cöwzôvb GBiƒc Kvh µ g mwµq n ji G K AviI m úªmvwiz Kiv I mgš^ qi cö qvrb Ges c wzmzfv e Kvh µg cwipvwjz n j Gi myweav fvmx wn m e kögrxexiv AviI DcK Z n Z cv i G ÿ Î ` ki mkj wmgmavi Kvh µg mgš^ qi j ÿ gvwjk cöwzwbwa-köwgk cöwzwbwa-mikvi cöwzwbwa mgš^ q kög I Kg ms vb gš Yvjq ev mgvr mev gš Yvj qi Aax b GKwU KvVv gv M o Zvjv cö qvrb ev RU eivï Kx Kv R LiP n Q : GKwU gš Yvj qi Km vww kög I Kg ms vb gš Yvj qi Aax b i q Q K qkwu `ßi, Awa`ßi hvi g a i q Q: kög cwi`ßi, KjKviLvbv I cöwzôvb cwi`k b Awa`ßi, kög Avcxj UªvBeÿ bvj, wb œzg gryi evw, RvZxq `ÿzv Dbœqb KvDwÝj I köwgk Kj vy dvd Ûkb Gme `ßi I Awa`ß ii cöavb cöavb Kv Ri g a i q Q: kög welqk bxwzgvjv wba viy, UªW BDwbqb iwr ªkb cö`vb I wmweg wba viy, wb œzg grywi wba viy, KjKviLvbv K Kg cwi ek msµvší mb` `qv Ges m jv cwi`k b, kög Av`vjZ cwipvjbv, köwgk `i cöwkÿy `qv BZ vw` AbymÜv b `Lv hvq, A_ eq i kög gš Yvj qi Rb eivï wqj 203 KvwU UvKv Zvi g a cövq 94 KvwU UvKv GB gš Yvj qi Aaxb Z Kg KZ v I Kg Pvwi `i ezb fvzv I cbkvb fvzv wn m e e q n q Q hv cövq 47 kzvsk evwk A _ GB gš Yvjq hme KvR K i Q ( ) Zvi g a i q Q: cövq 22 nvrvi Kj-KvivLvbv I cöwzôvb cwi`k b Gme cwi`k bkv j Awbqg c q cövq 6-7 nvrvi gvgjv `v qi Kiv n q Q 2. cövq 300 UªW BDwbq bi iwr ªkb `qv n q Q Ges cövq 30wU KviLvbvq wbe vp bi gva g wmweg wba viy K i Q 3. 30wUi g Zv kög Kj vy K `ª cwipvjbv Kiv n Q 4. cövq 3 nvrvi köwgk K cöwkÿy `qv n q Q 5. 7wU kög Av`vjZ I GKwU Avcxj Av`vj Zi gva g eq i cövq M o Qq nvrvi gvgjv wb úwë n q Q wU wk í wb œzg grywi nv ii mycvwik Kiv n q Q; Ges 7. b vkbvj w j W fjc g U KvDwÝj MV b f wgkv ivlv I kög AvBb ms kvab msµvší f wgkv ivlv n q Q 17 gš Yvj q GB msµvší wnmvewu i q Q wzb eq ii mlvb _ K M o GK eq ii GB wnmve Abygvb Kiv n q Q 33

35 kög Av`vj Z 16 nvrvi gvgjv wb úbœ niqvi A cÿvq mviv ` k mvzwu kög Av`vjZ I GKwU Avcxj Av`vjZ i q Q Avi Gme Av`vj Z ˆ`wbK mgkv ji 1 g (2017) cökvwkz GK cöwz e`b Abyhvqx 2017 mv ji gvp ch ší 16 nvrvi 115wU gvgjv wb úwëi A cÿvq wqj Gi g a Kej XvKvi wzbwu Av`vj ZB cövq 13 nvrvi gvgjv wb úwëi A cÿvq wqj PÆMÖv gi `ywu Av`vj Z wb úwëi A cÿvq i q Q `yb nvrvi gvgjv 5-6 KvwU kögrxex-kg Rxexi Rb GZ Kg Av`vjZ cök ZB AcÖZzj ` k µ g köwg Ki msl v evo ji kög Av`vj Zi msl v evo Q bv köwgk `i `~i`~ivší _ K b vqwepv ii Rb we` gvb kög Av`vjZ jv Z Avm Z nq hgb, dâzm Äi GKRb köwgk K gvgjv Kivi Rb h Z nq PÆMÖvg köggš xi Avk vm Abyhvqx wkmwmi iscyi I wm j U bzyb kög Av`vjZ cöwzwôz n e Ges XvKvi wzbwu kög Av`vj Zi GKwU bvivqbmä Ges GKwU U½x Z vbvšíi Kiv n e mvaviyz Av`vjZ jv Z grywi I ÿwzc~iy msµvší wel qb gvgjv nq ewk köwgk `i Kiv gvgjv wb úwë Z gvwjkiv `xn m~wîzvi KŠkj bb `Lv hvq, GK- `o jvl UvKv cviqvi Rb gvgjv K i iv qi Rb A cÿv Ki Z nq eq ii ci eqi GB Av`vjZ jv kög AvBb Abyhvqx cwipvwjz nq AvB b 60 Kg w`e mi g a gvgjv wb úwëi K_v ejv n ji `Lv hvq gvgjvi cö_g ZvwiLB c o 60 w`b ci D jøl, kög Av`vjZ jv Z Rjv RR ev AwZwi³ Rjv RR `i wepvik wn m e wb qvm `qv nq Avi Avcxj UªvBeÿ bv j D P Av`vj Zi ez gvb ev AemicÖvß wepvicwz `i Pqvig vb wn m e wb qvm `qv nq A bk mgq Gme Av`vj Z wepvik c` k~b _v KÑd j gvgjvi RU e o hvq hgb, 2017 mv ji gv P Avcxj UªvBeÿ bv j AemicÖvß wepvicwz gv. Ave`yj nvb K wb qvm `qvi c~ e GB c`wu cövq AvU gvm k~b wqj Gmgq Avcxj UªvBeÿ bv j cövq 719wU gvgjv Awb úbœ wqj kög Avcxj UªvBeÿ bvj I 7wU kög Av`vj Zi Ae vbt µ/bs Av`vj Zi bvg Ae vb 1 kög Avcxj UªvBeÿ bvj 43 AvÄygvb gwd`yj Bmjvg ivw, KvKivBj, XvKv 2 1g kög Av`vjZ, XvKv kög feb, 4bs ivrdk GwfwbD, XvKv 3 2q kög Av`vjZ, XvKv kög feb, 4bs ivrdk GwfwbD, XvKv 4 3q kög Av`vjZ, XvKv kög feb, 4bs ivrdk GwfwbD, XvKv 5 1g kög Av`vjZ, PÆMÖvg 8 KvZvjMÄ, PKevRvi, PÆMÖvg 6 2q kög Av`vjZ, PÆMÖvg 8 KvZvjMÄ, PKevRvi, PÆMÖvg 7 wefvmxq kög Av`vjZ, ivrkvnx kög feb, MÖUvi ivw, ivrkvnx 8 wefvmxq kög Av`vjZ, Lyjbv 14, m vi BKevj ivw, Lyjbv 34

36 27 nvrvi KviLvbvi Rb wzb kz cwi`k K! evsjv `k kög AvBb, 2006-Gi weavb Abyhvqx köwgk `i Kj vy, ckvmz ^v I Kg Î wbivcëvg~jk e e vmg~n ev Íevqb Z`viwKi `vwqz kög I Kg ms vb gš Yvjqvaxb KjKviLvbv I cöwzôvb cwi`k b Awa`ß ii 1970 m b KviLvbv I cöwzôvb cwi`k b cwi`ßi bv g GB ^Zš cwi`ßi m wó nq c i GwU Awa`ß i DbœxZ nq gyjz KjKviLvbv I cöwzôvb cwi`k b Awa`ßi µgea gvb wecyj kögrxex gvby li AvBbMZ AwaKvi, wbivc` I ^v m Z Kg cwi ek wbwðz Kivi `vwqz cvjb K i Avm Q Mv g Um KviLvbvq Kgcøv qý wbwðz Kivi ÎI G Awa`ßi iæz c~y f~wgkv cvjb Ki Q GB cöwzôv bi Rbej I AeKvVv gv mviv ` ki KviLvbv Ges `vkvb I evwywr K cöwzôv bi Zyjbvq AcÖZyj Z e G K Awa`ß i DbœxZ Kivi ci Gi Rbej wkqzuv e o Q KjKviLvbv I cöwzôvb cwi`k b Awa`ß ii evwl K cöwz e`b _ K `Lv hvq, ` k Hmgq ch ší wbewüz KviLvbvi msl v wqj 26 nvrvi 953 ejv n Q, ez gv b 23wU Dc-gnvcwi`k K Kvh vj qi gva g cwi`k b Pvjv bv nq Ges eq i cövq 30 nvrvi cwi`k b Kvh µg P j 2017 mv ji ïiæ Z Gme cwi`k b Kvh vj q 264 Rb cwi`k K wq jb Ges AviI cövq 89 Rb cwi`k K wb qv Mi cöwµqv PjwQj ejv evûj, GBiƒc wb qv Mi cii KviLvbvi Zzjbvq cwi`k Ki AcÖZzjZv _ KB hv e d j ` k kz kz cöwzôvb wbeü bi evb i Ges GKB m ½ cwi`k bi evb i _ K hviqvi k¼v Av Q Gw` K MZ K qk eq i Mv g Um LvZ wbivc` Kivi Rb mlv b cwi`k b Kvh µg Rvi`vi Kiv n ji Ab LvZ jv Z cwi`k b miƒc bq cwi`k b wefv Mi Kvh µ gi A a KB K `ªxf Z _vk Q Mv g Um LvZ K wn i g~jz ˆe `wkk µzv `i Pv c c o mikvi mw` K ewk bri w` q Q Ab LvZ jv wb q cöpvi gva gi úk KvZiZv KgÑ mrb mme Lv Zi köwgk `i wbivcëvi w` K brii Kg Gw` K 2017-Gi 1 gvp ˆ`wbK mgkv j cökvwkz GK cöwz e` b* `Lv hvq KjKviLvbv I cöwzôvb cwi`k b Awa`ß ii (wwavbgdb) me kl Rwic Abyhvqx, Mv g Um Lv Zi AmsMwVZ KviLvbv jvi g a 30 kzvsk fe bi KvVv gv Z eo ai bi `ye jzv wb q KvR Pvwj q hv Q 35 kzvsk KviLvbvi AwMœ cöwz iva Ges wbivcëv e e vq `ye jzv Av Q ˆe`ÿ wzk wbivcëvq ÎywU Av Q 13 kzvsk KviLvbvq 10 kzvsk KviLvbvq mikvi NvwlZ b~ bzg grywi KvVv gv AbymiY Kiv nq bv GKB msl K KviLvbvi köwgkiv wbqwgz grywi cvb bv 2016 mv ji RyjvB _ K ww m ^i ch ší mg q cwi`k b K i G cöwz e`b ˆZwi K i Q wwavbgdb cöwz e`b Abyhvqx, Gme KviLvbvi g a UªW BDwbqb bb 97 kzvs ki cvwu wm cuwi KwgwU bb 65 kzvsk KviLvbvq 9 kzvsk KviLvbvq köwgkiv KvR K ii IfviUvBg cvb bv 21 kzvsk KviLvbvq QywUi weavb AbymiY Kiv nq bv GgbwK gvz Z Kvjxb QywU `Iqv nq bv 35 kzvsk KviLvbvq *ÔmsMVbewnf ~Z KviLvbvq wbivcëv ÎywU ewkõ, ˆ`wbK mgkvj, 1 gvp

37 7 kögrxex `i ckvmz ^v I wbivcëv wpî 2017 ez gv b evsjv ` k cöwzeqi 28 GwcÖj Kg ÿ Î ^v I wbivcëv w`em cvwjz nq GUv wek Rbxb ^xk wz mz h, wk í Kg iz köwg Ki ^v fv jv Ges wbivc` _vk jb Kej Zv `i Drcv`b ÿgzv ev oñwkš G wel q evsjv ` k m PZbZv Kg ckvmz ^v I wbivcëv e q h Kv bv LiP bq, wewb qvmñ GB Dcjwã evsjv ` k wkí cwigû j Av Rv M o I Vwb d j köwgkiv GLv b Kg ÿ Î I Kg ÿ Îi evb iñ Dfq v bb `ỳ kvmö Í me kl 2017 mv ji cö_g GMv iv gv m Kg ÿ Î 305wU `yn Ubvq köwgk g Zz i msl v wqj 405 me P q ewk kögrxex gviv M Q wbg vy Lv Z 137 Rb 2016 mv j Kg ÿ Î köwgk g Zz i msl v wqj 382 D jøl, 25 m Þ ^i 2015 mv j M nxz RvwZms Ni UKmB Dbœqb j gvîv 2030-G ckvmz ^v I wbivcëvi wel q we kl Rvi `qv nq RvwZms Ni UKmB Dbœq bi 8 b ^i j gvîvq UKmB A_ bwzk cöe w Ges mevi Rb Drcv`bkxj ckv Ges m vbrbk Kv Ri Ici Rvi `qv nq evsjv ` k ez gv b vqx-a vqx I QvU-eo wg j cövq 80 jv Li g Zv wewfbœ ai bi ÔcÖwZôvbÕ i q Q Z e me cöwzôvb kög gš Yvj qi Aaxb KjKviLvbv I cöwzôvb cwi`k b Awa`ß ii (wwavbgdb) bri`vwi Z bb hme cöwzôv b wwavbgdbi bri`vwi bb, mlvbkvi köwg Kiv A bk mgq SyuwKi g a B ckvmz `vwqz cvjb Ki Q e j Rvwb q Qb mswkøó Kg KZ viv Z e me cöwzôvb K bri`vwii AšÍf y³ Kivi Rb D ` vm wb q Q wwavbgdb KjKviLvbv I cöwzôvb cwi`k b Awa`ßi m~ Î Rvbv hvq, evowz cwi`k Ki Rb 2017 mv j cövq 2 nvrvi bzzb jvkej wb qv Mi Póv Ae vnz wqj G Qvov ms vi wbqwgz cwi`k b Kvh µg KI AvaywbKvqb Kiv n q Q wwwruvjvbrw Kiv n Q me Kvh µg Z e jÿ Kiv hv Q h, KviLvbvq wbivcëv cökœ hzuv iæz cv Q ZZUv cv Q bv ckvmz ^v mvaviyfv e ckvmz ^v I wbivcëv `ywu AvšÍtm úwk Z n ji Avjv`v welq ivbv cøvrv a mi c i mv úªwzk eqi jv Z evsjv ` ki ckvmz wbivcëv wb q KvR e o QÑkÖwgK wbivcëv wel q GK Q BwZevPK c` ÿc bqv n q QÑ wkš ckvmz ^v i welqwu c~ e i g ZvB Ae nwjzb _vk Q Kg j g Zz : cöpvigva g m~ Î cövß cwimsl vb 2017 (cö_g 11 gv m) ez gv b Aby gvw`z KviLvbv fe bi bkkvi m ½ KviLvbvi hš cvwz vc bi bkkvi KvVv gvmz Kv bv cwiez b Aby gvw`z bq KvR Pjvi mgq d v±wii evb i hviqvi Kv bv `irv eü ivlvi A ea Kgc 100 Rb köwgk KvR Kiv cöwzôv b exgv eva Zvg~jK Kiv n q Q wbqg i q Q, Kg x gviv M j gvwjk exgv `vwe Av`vq K i Zv mivmwi ÿwzmö Í `i cvl `i ` eb ev kög Av`vj Z cvvv eb GKRb köwg Ki PvKzwi bq gvm n jb IB cöwzôv bi myweav fvmx we ewpz n eb wzwb wkí cöwzôvb jv Z köwgk `i Rb MÖæcexgv _vk e hme cöwzôv b cuvp nvrvi ev ewk köwgk KvR K ib, mlv b ^v K `ª _vk Z n e ckvmz iv M AvµvšÍ köwgk `i mȳ niqv ch ší wpwkrmvi `vwqz gvwjk K wb Z n e Z e Dc iv³ c` c jvi ev Íevqb wkí-gvwj Ki B Qvwbf i _v K e j ev Í e AMÖMwZ Avkvbyiƒc bq 2017 mv j Pvgov Lv Zi AwfÁZvq `Lv M QÑ KviLvbv jv hlb XvKvi nvrvixev M wqj, ZL bv er e e vcbvi D ` vm biqv nqwb hv `k Ki ci `kk köwgk ^v i Rb Pig ÿwzki wqj A_P GB wk íi Kvi Y b`x `~l Y mevb wqj DwØMœ 36

38 Ges b`x K `~ly _ K euvpv Z 2017 mv j hlb GB wkí mvfv i biqv nq, ZLbI KviLvbvi gvwjk, mikvi I KviLvbv cwi`k b Awa`ßi KD Ggb Kv bv D ` vm bqwb hv Z köwgk `i ^v I wbivcëv e e v DbœZ nq mvfv ii `Lv M Q, köwgk `i Rb cvwbi e e v ev Ab vb Riæwi ^v myweavi e e v AwZ bmy cövq weivb f~wg Z M o Zvjv n q Q KviLvbvcjøx köwg Kiv Kv_vq _vk e, Zv `i cwiev ii emwz Kv_vq n eñ Gme wb q KD fv ebwb Ab w` K, 2017 mv ji 10 m Þ ^i U½x Z Uv úv Kv c v KwRs KviLvbvq M vm we ùvi Yi ci ` ki me KviLvbvq `vn c`v _ i wbivc` e envimn fe bi KvVv gv, AwMœ I ˆe`ÿ wzk wbivcëv wb q AveviI iæzi cökœ D V Q IB `yn Ubvq 24 köwgk `» n q gviv hvb iæzi AvnZ nb AšÍZ 30 köwgk 2017 mv ji 27 g ˆ`wbK ewyk evz vq evsjv ` ki wkí cwi ek welqk GK jlvq ejv n q Q 18, 2013 mv ji ivbv cøvrv a mi ci evsjv ` ki wk í Kg cwi ek Ges wbivcëvi welqwu AvšÍR vwzkfv e mgv jvwpz nq Ges `k köwgk `i wbivcëv Dbœq bi wel q eva evakzvi m ylxb nq avivevwnkfv e cvkvk KviLvbvq Kg cwi ek I wbivcëvi Rb M o I V wzbwu cöwzôvwbk KvVv gvñ RvZxq wîc xq Kg cwikíbv (GbwUwcwU)Ñ hv evsjv `k mikvi Kj-KviLvbv I cöwzôvb cwi`k b Awa`ß ii Aaxb, BD ivcxq µzv `i A vkw Ges DËi Av gwikvi µzv `i ÔA vjv qýõ GbwUGwc, ÔA vkw Õ I A vjv qý g~jz cvkvk KviLvbvq Av b, we`ÿ Z I fe bi KvVv gvmz ÎywU wpwýz Kiv Ges ms vi wel q Z`viwK Ki Q c _Kfv e wzbwu ms v Zv `i Aaxb KviLvbv jvi KvVv gvmz I AwMœwbivcËvi wel q cwi`k b Pvjv Q DwjøwLZ wzbwu cöwzôv bi AvIZvq cwi`k bi AšÍf y³ cvkvk KviLvbv jv AwMœ I fe bi KvVv gvmz wbivcëv Dbœq b Kg ewk AMÖMwZ AR b K i Q Ges hme KviLvbv AwZwi³ SyuwKc~Y, Zv eü K i `qv n q Q hw`i A bk KviLvbv GLbI cwi`k bi AvIZvq Av mwb, Z e Rvbv hvq, ˆZwi cvkvkmn me ai bi KviLvbvi wbivcëv gvb I msl v hvpvb qi wm vší wb q Q mikvi cvkvk KviLvbvi g Zv Ab vb wkí KviLvbv KI wbivc` Ki Z bzzb K i cwi`k bi 18 W. gv. Bw`ªm Avjg, ckvmz ^v I wbivcëv G D ` vm biqv n q Q Kvh Ki cwi`k b KŠkj wba vi Y AvšÍR vwzk kög ms v (AvBGjI)-Gi mn hvwmzv biqv n Q wkš evsjv ` k Mv g Um LvZ köwgk `i wbivcëv I ^v i ÿ Î hzuv dvkvm cv Q Ab vb A bk LvZ mfv e cv Q bv hvi g a GKwU n jv RvnvR fv½v wkí evsjv ` k köwgk `i ckvmz wbivcëv I ^v i ÿ Î me P q SzuwKc~Y GK ÿî n jv wkc eªwks BqvW jv mikvwi wnmv e GBiƒc Bqv W i msl v 60wU n ji ev Í e msl v AviI ewk Ab w` K cwi ek Awa`ßi hw`i eq i 7-8wU RvnvR KvUvi AbygwZ `qñ wkš Kvh Z KvUv nq Av iv AwaK evsjv ` k vbxq evrv i iw I B úv Zi Pvwn`v guvq GB wkí GB e emvi AvKvi cövq 8 nvrvi KvwU UvKv d j GB Lv Zi e emvqx `i ivr bwzk I cökvmwbk cöfvei A bk ewk Ô ª vcõ Rvnv Ri me P q eo SzuwK n jv wec¾bk ev ZRw Œq er Rvnv R A vm e m, jyweª K U I qjmn bvbv ai bi gvivz K wzki er _v KÑ ZvB Ôwec¾bK er I RvnvR fvov er e e vcbv wewagvjv 2011Õ-Gi 19 (1) wewa Abyhvqx, cwi ekmz QvocÎ biqvi weavb _vk ji GB QvocÎ biqvi NUbv weij 2016 mv ji AwfÁZvq `Lv M Q, `yõkii ewk RvnvR KvUv n ji QvocÎ bqv n q Q gvî AvUwUi PÆMÖvg wefvmxq cwi ek Awa`ß ii cwi`k K nviæb Ai ikx` Lvb e jb, GLb wkí gš YvjqI G wel q Aby gv`b `q d j gvwjkiv mlvbkvi Aby gv`b wb qb RvnvR KvUv ïiæ K i cwi e ki Qvoc Îi Zvqv v K i bv 19 Dc iv³ ev ÍeZv ZB 2016 mv j GK cöwz e` b D jøl Kiv n qwqj h, evsjv ` ki gvbyl `i Mo Avqy 70 eqi n ji RvnvR fv½v wk íi köwgk `i Avqy 40 eq i G m `uvwo q Q bii qwfwëk B Uvib vkbvj jõ A vû cwjwm Bbw wud Ui (AvBGjwcAvB) cökvwkz GK M elyv cöwz e` b Ggb Z_ D V Av m GB Lv Zi köwgkiv GL bv MÖæc BÝy i Ýi myweav _ KI ewâz A_P kögavbb Abyhvqx GK kõ R bi ewk Kg x _vk jb mlv b MÖæc BÝy iý eva Zvg~jK AwaKvsk Bqv W 3-4 kz K i köwgk KvR K i 19 (RvnvR fv½v wkí: AvRI bb köwg Ki Rxe bi `vg, 18 GwcÖj 2017) 37

39 eqjvi we ùviy: _vg Q bv 2017 mv j evi evi eqjvi we ùviy wqj evsjv ` ki köglv Zi Ab Zg Av jvwpz NUbv wkí cöwzôvb jv Z GUv wbivcëvnxbzvi GK eo welq n q D V Q eq ii cö_g Qq gv m ` ki wewfbœ v b eqjvi we ùvi Y gviv M Q 28 Rb GQvov Ô mbdwu GÛ ivbu mõi AbymÜv b `Lv M Q, 2012 mvj _ K 2016 ch ší AšÍZ 33wU v b eqjvi we ùvi Yi Lei cökvwkz n q Q cöpvigva g hv Z 41 e w³ ZvrÿwYKfv e wbnz n qwqj 2012 ciez x mg q `Lv M Q cöwz eqib M o 5 _ K 9wU K i GBiƒc `yn Ubv NU Q MZ mv o Qq eq ii g a me P q gg vwšík eqjvi we ùvi Yi NUbv N U 2017 mv ji 19 GwcÖj w`bvrcyi m`i Dc Rjvi ivbxm Ä hgybv A Uv gwuk ivbm wg ji eqjvi we ùvwiz n q 28 Rb `» nb G NUbvq g Zz nq 18 köwg Ki mv úªwzk eqi jv Z eqjvi we ùvi Y Kv bv GKK NUbvq wbn Zi G msl vb m e v P w`bvrcy ii eqjvi we ùvi Yi ci 24 GwcÖj Kv Zvqvwj _vbvq hgybv A Uv gwuk ivbm wg ji gvwjk myej Nvlmn wzbr bi weiæ gvgjv K ib wbnz GK köwg Ki x w`bvrcyi m`i _vbvi fvicövß Kg KZ v (Iwm Z`šÍ) gv. dliæj Bmjvg e jb, 2 RyjvB w`bvrcy ii gyl wepvwik nvwk gi Av`vjZ _ K GB wzbrb Rvwgb c q M Qb Gici 3 RyjvB mvgevi MvRxcy ii Kvwkgcy ii bqvcvov GjvKvi gvjwud vem wj. bv gi cvkvk KviLvbvi eqjv i fqven we ùvi Y 13 Rb köwgk wbnz nb AvnZ nb Aa kzvwak köwgk I c_pvix G `yn Ubvq mikv ii M nxz e e v wn m e QvocÎ Qvov eqjvi Pvjv bvi `v q gvjwud vem KZ cÿ K Rwigvbv K i Q wkí gš Yvj qi AvIZvaxb cöavb eqjvi cwi`k Ki Kvh vjq Rwigvbvi cwigvy 20 nvrvi UvKv eqjvi we ùvi Yi G Ki ci GK NUbv NU ji Gme NUbvq RwoZ e w³ `i wepvi niqvi ` óvší weij Avevi KviLvbvi eqjvi jv wbqwgz `Lfv ji Rb wkí gš Yvj qi Aaxb cöavb eqjvi cwi`k Ki Kvh vjq bv g GKwU Avjv`v Kvh vjq Av Q wkš `ke vcx Zv `i wbqwgz ch e Yi NvUwZ i q Q Z e H Kvh vjq m~î e j Q, mv o cvup nvrvi eqjvi cwi`k bi Rb gvî cvuprb cwi`k K Av Qb GB AcÖZyjZv wbqwgz ch e Yi Kv R evav n q `vuovq mikvwi eqjvi cwi`k K gv. kivdz Avjx Rvbvb, ˆZwi cvkvkwkí, Zvcwe`ÿ r K `ª, KwgK vj Kv úvwb, PvjKj I U vbvwi wk í eqjvi e envi n q _v K ewk cvkvkwk í Bw ev ïkv bvi Kv R Ges Ab vb wk í Drcvw`Z `ªe ïkv bvi Kv RB mvaviyz eqjvi e envi nq wzwb Rvbvb, 22 `kwgk 76 wjuv ii ewk gzvm úbœ h Kv bv eqjvi n jb Zv wbeüb Ki Z nq Kej mb wnmv eb ` k eqjvi Av Q mv o cvup nvrvi Gi g a cvkvk KviLvbv jv ZB i q Q wzb nvrvi eqjvi Aby gv` bi P q ewk gvîvi Pv c eqjvi cwipvjbv KB eqjvi we ùvi Yi KviY wn m e cöpvi gva gi Kv Q Zy j a ib cöavb eqjvi cwi`k K gvnv ` Avãyj gvbœvb Gw` K evsjv `k GLbI Kg Î wbivcëvmsµvší AvšÍR vwzk kögms v (AvBGjI)Õi 12wU Kb fbkb mb K iwb köwgk ^v_ msµvší AvBGjIÕi 33wU Kb fbk b ^vÿi K i Q evsjv `k Ges Zv ev Íevq b KvRI Ki Q wkš ^vÿi K iwb Kg Î köwg Ki wbivcëv msµvší 12wU Kb fbk bi GKwU ZI hvi g a i q QÑ AKy ckbvj mdwu A vû nj_ Kb fbkb, 1981; AKz ckbvj nj_ mvwf m Kb fbkb, 1985; cö gvkbvj d«giqvk di AKz ckbvj mdwu A vû nj_ Kb fbkb, 2006; nvbwrb (Kgvm A vû Awd mm) Kb fbkb, 1964; AKz ckbvj mdwu A vû nj_ Kb fbkb, 1979; mdwu A vû nj_ Bb Kb ªvKkb Kb fbkb, 1988; mdwu A vû nj_ Bb A vwmökvjpvi Kb fbkb, 2001; iww qkb cöv UKkb Kb fbkb, 1960; AKz ckbvj K vbmvi Kb fbkb, 1974; IqvwK s Gbfvqib g U (Gqvi cjykb, b qr A vû fvb eªkb) Kb fbkb, 1977; A vm emum Kb fbkb, 1986; KwgK vj Kb fbkb,

40 Kg ÿî `yn Ubvq GwM q cwienb LvZ: köwgk `i bb cö qvrbxq wekövg 2016 mv j Kg ÿ Î `yn Ubvq cö_g vb wqj cwienb Lv Zi Gi cib wbg vy LvZ cövq Abyiƒc cöeyzv jÿ Kiv M Q 2017 mv ji ˆ`wbK cö_g Av jv G eqi Zv `i GK cöwz e` b* evsjv `k Bbw wudu Ae jevi vwwr-gi GK AbymÜv bi djvdj Zz j a i wj L Q, 2016 mv j Kg Î `yn Ubvq evsjv ` k gvu 699 Rb gviv M Qb Gi g a 249 RbB cwienb Lv Zi köwgk Avi wbg vy Lv Z 85 Rb Ges cvkvk Lv Z gviv M Qb bqrb Ab w` K, 2017 mv ji cö_g Qq gv m Kg ÿ Î köwgk g Zz i cwimsl v b cwienb Lv Zi Ae vb wqj Z Zxq we kláiv ej Qb, Kg NÈvmn GB Lv Zi köwgk `i AwaKvi jv gvbv nq bv e j hvbevn bi Pvj Kiv Aemv`MÖ Í _v Kb G Kvi Y cwienbhš jv AwaK `yn Ubvi wkkvi nb Z e hvîx I mok wbivcëv wb q hvuiv KvR K ib Zvuiv g b K ib, ` ki mok jv fqven g Zz dvù n q Av Q PvjK `i ec ivqv g bvfv ei Kvi Y wekövgnxbfv e Mvwo Pvjv bv K `yn Ubvi GKwU eo KviY e j g b K ib Zuviv Dc iv³ cöwz e` b hvîx Kj vy mwgwzi gnvmwpe gv. gvrv j nk PŠayixÕi e³e Zz j a i D jøl Kiv nq, cwienb Lv Zi köwgk `i cövwzôvwbk wk vi Afve, cöwk Yi e e v I PvKwii wbðqzv bv _vkv GB ckv K SyuwKc~Y K i Zy j Q wzwb e jb, köwgk `i AwZwi³ Kv Ri cöfv e Zv `i Rxeb hgb SzuwK Z co Q Zgwb Zv `i nv Z hvîxiv gviv hv Q ewki fvm PvjK cöwzw`b M o 13 NÈv ev Zvi ewk Mvwo Pvjvb cvkvcvwk köwgk wn m e cö qvrbxq A bk my hvm-myweav _ KI Zviv ewâz mgxÿvq GI `Lv hv Q, cwienb Lv Zi 86 kzvsk köwgk w` b 13 NÈvi ewk KvR K ib GB Lv Zi 90 kzvsk köwg Ki mvßvwnk QywU bb köwgk `i GBiƒc wbw` ó Kg NÈv bv _vkv Ges ch vß weköv gi my hvm bv _vkvi cöfve c o Zv `i kvixwik I gvbwmk ^v i Ici G wel q evsjv `k cö KŠkj wek we` vj qi (ey qu) A vkwm W U wimvp Bbw wud Ui cwipvjk Aa vck gv. gvqv ¾g nv mb cö_g Av jv K e jb, hvbevnb Pvjv bvi mgq gw Í, PvL, Kvb, A½cÖZ ½ mviv Y e Í _v K d j GKUvbv 8-10 NÈv Pvjv j Pvj Kiv AmsjMœ n q c ob XvKv-iscyi c _ k vgjx cwien bi evm Pvjvb gv. bvwmi iv Z XvKv _ K iibv w` q AvU-bq NÈv evm Pvwj q mkv j iscyi cšuqvb wzb-pvi NÈv wekövg wb q `ycy ii Av MB XvKvi D Ï k wdiwz hvîv K ib 24 NÈvi g a 16 _ K 20 NÈvB evm Pvjv Z nq bvwmi K weköv gi my hvm Lye ewk _v K bv GKB w` b cö_g wuª ci ciez x mgq Aemv` c q e m MveZjx GjvKvq K_v nq MveZjx-hvÎvevox c _i evmpvjk gv. myrb Lv bi m ½ myrb e jb, ÔmKv j QqUvq dv wu«c ïiæ Kwi ivz 12Uvq jv wu«c `ycy i wgwbu LvIqv Qvov Uvbv PvjvB W«vBfv ii wmuuv Av bi g Zv Mig _v K w qvwis abiv ebmv _vk Z _vk Z GKmgq kixi Pj Z Pvq bv mviv w`b wpjøvwpwjø Avi n Y i AvIqv R Lye Kó nq Õ K_v ej Z ej Z `i`i K i NvgwQ jb myrb evsjv `k kögavbb 2006 Abyhvqx, cövßeq köwgk ˆ`wbK AvU NÈvi ewk mgq KvR Ki Z cvi eb bv ev Zv K w` q KvR Kiv bv hv e bv Îwe k l 10 NÈv ch ší köwgk KvR Ki Z cvi eb ev Í e cwienb köwgk `i Î GB Kg NÈvi wnmve gvbv n Q bv cö_g Av jvi D³ cöwz e` b cöwz e`k AvbygvwbK GK wnmve Zz j a i `Lvb, `~i cvjøvi MYcwien b cövq 1 jvl 84 nvrvi köwgk KvR K ib GB köwgk `i mevb ˆ`wbK AvU NÈvi ewk KvR K ib Ges cövq 50 kzvsk ˆ`wbK 15 NÈvi ewk KvR K ib 20 kzvsk köwgk Kv bv ai bi wbqwgz Kg weiwz QvovB KvR K ib G wel q k vgjx cwien bi ^Z vwakvix I evsjv `k evm-uªvk Ibvm A v mvwm qk bi mnmfvcwz i gk P `ª Nvl e jb, Kv bv PvjK 250 wk jvwguvi ch ší `~i Z M j 3-4 NÈv wekövg wb q diz Av mb `~icvjøvi P q ivravbxi fz i PjvPjKvix evmköwgk `i Uvbv ewk KvR Ki Z nq AšÍZ 10 Rb cwienb köwg Ki m ½ K_v e j Rvbv hvq, w` b 16 _ K 18 NÈv KvR Ki ji Zvu `i grywi wba vwiz bb AwaKvsk Î ˆ`wbK grywii wfwë Z KvR K ib cwienb Lv Zi köwg Kiv Kv bv ai bi wb qvmcî `Iqv nq bv gvwj Kiv PvB j h Kv bv mgq KvR _ K ev` w` Z cv ib Amȳ n j wksev QywU wb j IB w` b Kv bv Avq _v K bv [Z_ m~î: cö_g Av jv, 1 g 2017] *mvgqzi ingvb, me P q SzuwKc~Y Kg ÿî cwienb LvZ, 1 g

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46 `wjz köwgk `i grywi mgm v cövq `o kz eqi a i Pv wk í wb qvwrz `wjz köwgk `i grywi eâbv GB eqii Ae vnz wqj AbymÜv b `Lv hvq, ez gv b ÔGK wbixlõ (GK wbixl = 23 KwR) Pv cvzv D Ëvj bi Rb grywi wba vwiz Av Q 85 UvKv Gi ci cöwz KwRi Rb 1-2 UvKv K i `qv nq evmvb f ` mvaviyz Qq gvm cvzv Zvjvi gšmyg _v K eq ii Ab mgq evmv bi Ab KvR jv Z grywii wnmve AviI AcÖZzj 2017 mv j Pv ji `vg hlb 60 UvKv Qzu q Q ZLb 85 UvKv grywii Pv köwgk `i mxgvnxb Avw_ K eâbvq co Z nq Pv köwgk bz e ` Zv `i ˆ`wbK grywi b~ bzg 150 UvKv Kiv, ikb wnmv e mßv n AšÍZ 5 KwR DbœZgv bi Pvj cö`vb Ges emzwfuv vqxfv e eivï `v bi `vwe Rvwb q Qb D Pwkÿv cöwzôv b KvUv Ae eüz _vkv ez gv b ` ki mvzwu mikvwi wek we` vj q `wjz `i Rb KvUv i q Q Z e Gi g a A bk wek we` vjq `wjz KvUv wn m e bqñ ÿz`ª b Mvôx jvi Rb we` gvb KvUvi Ask wn m e `wjz `i Av e`b we epbv K i _v K Kej XvKv wek we` vjq mivmwi `wjz I nwirb `i Rb GK kzvsk Avmb msiÿy Ki Q wkš Dc iv³ cöwzwu wek we` vj q `wjz `i KvUv myweavq fwz i ÿ Î wkÿv_ x `i eo mgm v wn m e `Lv w` q Q Ô`wjZÕ wn m e mb`cî AR b KviY ` k `wjz Av Q Ges Kv_vq Kv_vq ÑGBiƒc ^xk wz m úbœ Kvb M RU Rvwi nqwb GLbI d j Rjv cökvmb `wjz wkÿv_ x `i Zv `i cwip qi mb` w` Z A ^xk wz Ávcb K i _v K Ges Gi d j A bk wkÿv_ x KvUvmy hvm _vkv m Ë I wek we` vjq jv Z fwz n Z cvi Q bv h kv ii nv Uj i Ívivq ˆelg e Ü `wjz `i vikwjwc ck 45

47 `wjz `i cöwz ˆelg : Lvbmvgv Dc Rjvq hv n jv w`bvrcy ii Lvbmvgv Dc Rjvq GeQi nv Uj i Ívivq `wjz `i em Z I L Z `qv wb q D ËRbvKi GK Ae v ˆZwi nq Lvbmvgvq cv KinvU nv Uj gvwjk mwgwz I `wjz bz e `i mv _ Lvbmvgv Dc Rjv Pqvig vb mwn`y¾vgvb kv ni G wel q g gv m `yb `dvq ˆeVKI K ib g~jz 1 g _ K GB D ËRbvi m~îcvz Dc Rjv cökvm bi mg_ b `wjziv nv U j ^vfvwekfv e Lvevi L Z ïiæ Ki j 8 g `ycyi _ K cv KinvU nv Uj gvwjk mwgwz nv Uj ag N Ui WvK `q G Z nvu evrv i Avmv mvaviy gvbyl `i Pig fvmvwší ïiæ nq mwgwz G wb q ivrbxwzwe` `i w` q Dc Rjv cökvm bi Dci Pvc cö qvm K i Gi d j Dc Rjv cökvmb Av cvlidv K i Ges c~ e i Ae v g b bq! vbxq Dc Rjv Pqvig vb e j Qb, wzwb ciez xkv j e nëi Rbmgv ek K i G wel q cwiw wzi AMÖMwZ NUv eb wkš mb mgv ek Avi nqwb `wjz `i cöwz eâbvi Aemv b Lvbmvgv Dc Rjvi BDGbI mv Reyi ingv bi f wgkv cö_g _ KB BwZevPK wqjñwkš ciez xkv j ivr bwzk bz e `i KvQ _ K cöz vwkz mn hvwmzv bv c q wzwb wbw Œq n q hvb Z e hvmv hvm Kiv n j wzwb e jb, mgm vi mgvav b GLbI Avkvev`x wzwb `wjz eâbv : msl vmz wpî Ñ `wjz `i g a msl vmwiô mybcvi-wk bvi-köwgk-ryzv mjvb BZ vw` Kv R hy³; Ñ 59 kzvsk `wjz DËi`vZv e j Qb, esk I cvwievwik cwipq Zv `i Avqg~jK KvR c Z mgm v K i; Ñ `wjz Lvbv jv Z cövq 21 kzvsk cwiev i m`m msl v 7-Gi ewk; Ñ 60 kzvsk `wjz Lvbvi gvwmk Avq Qq nvrvi UvKvi bx P; 18 kzvsk Lvbvi gvwmk Avq wzb nvrvi UvKvi bx P; Ñ `wjz wkÿv_ x `i gv S WªcAvD U nvi AZ wak; 63 kzvsk `wjz Rvwb q Qb, Zv `i cwiev ii wkÿv_ x `i GK mgq z j hviqv eü Ki Z n q Q; Ñ 54 kzvsk `wjz e j Qb, `xn w`b Zviv cy iv cwievi GKwU N ib _v Kb; Ñ 54 kzvsk `wjz DËi`vZv e j Qb, Zv `i evwoi Av kcv k nvmcvzvj bb; Ñ 21 kzvsk DËi`vZv Rvwb q Qb, esk I ckvmz cwipq cö qvrbxq ^v mev cviqvi ÿ Î cöwzeükzv ˆZwi K i Q; Ñ 37 kzvsk `wjz e j Qb, nv Uj iu Ívivq L Z Zv `i mgm v nq; 38 kzvsk e j Qb, mvgvwrk Abyôvb jv Z Zv `i GK m ½ e m L Z `qv nq bv Ñ 94 kzvsk `wjz ivrbxwzi m ½ m úk bv _vkvi K_v Rvwb q Qb; Ñ 63 kzvsk e j Qb, cwipq c j g~javivi Rb Mvôx Zv `i m ½ wgk Z Pvb bv; Ñ 32 kzvsk `wjz e j Qb, GKB a g i n ji ÔAb RvZÕ niqvi Kvi Y Zv `i cöv_ bvn i ÔwfbœRvZÕ-Gi gvbyl Av m bv; Ñ ïay esk I ckvmz cwip qi Kvi Y `wjziv wbh vz bi gy L c ob e j gz w` q Qb 39 kzvsk DËi`vZv Ñ 69 kzvsk `wjz DËi`vZv e j Qb, Zviv hlv b _vk Qb mwui gvwjk Zviv bb; [Z_ m~î : evsjv ` ki `wjz mgvr: ˆelg, eâbv I A ú k ZvÑ gvv M elyvi djvdj, AvjZvd cvi fr I gvrnviæj Bmjvg, bvmwik D ` vm I wewwbavigg, jvjgvwuqv, XvKv ] 46

48 10 K wl kögrxex `i AmnvqZ nvi i euva fv½vrwbz msku e nëi wm j Ui nvii GjvKv fšmwjkfv e we kl ˆewkó gwûz ïk bv gšmy g nvii GjvKvq _v K Avw`MšÍ avb ÿz Avi el vq _v K w`mší we Í Z cvwb GB A j dmj ej Z GKwUBÑ ev iv Avev` avb ïay GLv b PvjB `q bv, mviv eq ii Rb Miæi Lvevi wn m e Lo I ivbœvi R vjvwbi `q nvi ii A_ bxwz cöavbz avb I gvq K wn ib AvewZ Z cuvp gvm GLv b avb Avev` K wn i KvR _v K evwk mgq GjvKvq _v K cvwb Ges KD KD gvq a i RxweKv wbe vn K i Z e 2017-Gi el vq GB A j cvnvwo cvwbi X j wewfbœ GjvKvq euva f ½ ev iv Avev` Xz e hviqvq K wl kögrxex `i Rxe b Pig wech q b g G m Q msk Ui hfv e ïiæ fvi Zi gnvjq ivr _ K a q Avmv cvnvwo Xj I fvwiel Yi Kvi Y mybvgmä, wm ju, bî Kvbv, wk kvimä, nwemä I gšjfxevrviñ G Qq Rjvq evowz cvwbcöevn ïiæ nq 2017-Gi 28 gvp _ K Rjv jvi 62 Dc Rjvi 541wU BDwbq bi g a 518wUB Gmgq cøvwez nq GBiƒc Xj-eb vi Rb AwZe wó I Rjevqy cwiez b K A b K `vwq Ki ji vbxq fz³ fvmxiv ej Qb euva Dc P Kv_vI cvwb Xv Kwb me Î wbg vyîæwui Kvi Y euva jv f ½B cvwb Xz K Q Z e hfv eb cvwb cö ek KiæK bv KbÑ cvwbi Kvi Y Zwj q hvq nvii GjvKvi gvu 2 jvl 19 nvrvi 840 n±i Rwgi avb K wl gš Yvjq wbiƒwcz gvb Abyhvqx n±icöwz Pvi Ub K i Gme avwb Rwg _ K gvu Pvj Drcv`b niqvi K_v wqj Kgc 8 jvl 79 nvrvi 360 Ub Avi cöwz KwR 40 UvKv wnmv e GB Pv ji Avw_ K g~j wqj 3 nvrvi 517 KvwU UvKv A_P gvî KvwU UvKvq mwvkfv e euva wbg vy Kiv n j GB msku m wó n Zv bv eb vq ev iv avb Zwj q hviqvmn bvbv Kvi Y wzmö Í n q Q Gme Rjvi cövq GK-Z Zxqvsk cwievi cwimsl vb eÿ ivi wnmve Abyhvqx, nvii i q Q Ggb Qq Rjvq gvu cwiev ii msl v 28 jvl 97 nvrvi Gi g a Xj-eb vq bvbvfv e q wzi wkkvi n q Q 8 jvl 50 nvrvi 88wU ev 29 `kwgk 3 kzvsk cwievi wm j U 2 jvl 12 nvrvi 570 cwievi q wzi wkkvi n q Q mybvgm Ä wzmö Í n q Q 1 jvl 72 nvrvi 617 cwievi, hv Rjvi gvu cwiev ii 39 `kwgk 2 kzvsk Z e cöpvigva g GBiƒc Abygvb cökvwkz n q Q h, nvii GjvKvq QqwU Rjv wg j ÿwzmö Í gvby li msl v cövq GK KvwU Dc iv³ Rjv jvi g a mybvgmä cövq cy ivuvb nviigq eb vq G Rjvi K wl kögrxex `i Lv` wbivcëv e vckfv e wzmö Í n q Q msk Ui aib mskumö Í Rjv jvi g a mybvgm Äi AwfÁZv _ K `Lv hvq, cvwb e w i d j evi avb Avev ` meyr n q _vkv mybvgm Äi cövq `o kz nvii 2017 mv ji gvp -GwcÖ j G Ki ci GK Wz e hvq vbxq Rjv cökvm bi m~ Î Rvbv hvq, Rjvi 154wU nvi i Gevi `yb jvl 23 nvrvi 82 n±i Rwg Z ev iv avb Avev` nq Gi gv S AšÍZ GK jvl 66 nvrvi n± ii avb Zwj q M Q d j Gme GjvKvq `xn gqv ` Pv ji msku Ges Kv Ri msku ˆZwi nq Xj ciez xkv j A bk gvm a i Pv ji e` j AvUv L q Qb GLvbKvi gvbyl 2018-Gi ïiæ Z Avevi avb bv IVv ch ší Zv `i Gfv e Pvwj q h Z n e ÿwzmö Í `i Lv` wbivcëv f ½ covi cvkvcvwk A b KB cvk cöwzwµqv ^iƒc AviI wkqz mgm vq co Qb Gme GjvKvq A b KB ÿz`ªfy cö`vbkvix cöwzôvb jvi KvQ _ K FY wb q wq jb GB 47

49 Avkvq h avb G j kva K i ` eb wkš Gevi avb gvi LvIqvq LZgRyiiv kl m ^j wewµ K ii F Yi wkw Í kva Ki Z cvi Q bv dmjnvwbi cöwzwµqv wn m e e vnz n q Q K lk I w`bgryi `i Kg ms vbi ˆ`wbK ewyk evz vi 5 g cökvwkz GK cöwz e` b `vwe Kiv n q Q, eb vi Kvi Y G mgq wm ju AÂ ji Qq Rjvi K lk I w`bgryi `i gvu Kg w`b bó n q Q 26 KvwU 38 jvl 8 nvrvi ˆ`wbK grywi 200 UvKv ai ji G eve` K lk I w`bgryi `i gvu wzi cwigvy `vuovq cövq 5 nvrvi 300 KvwU UvKv GjvKvq MvLv ` i msk Ui Kvi Y Ges Afvex gvbyliv Miæ wewµ K i `qvi Kvi Y Miæi `vgi D jøl hvm fv e c o M Q Kviv ewk ÿwzmö Í mvaviyfv e avb Wz e hviqvq K wl mswkøó mk j ÿwzmö Í n ji ÿz`ª K lk I K wl köwgkiv G Z ewk ÿwzmö ÍÑKviY msku mvgvj `qvi g Zv mâq GB gvbyl `i bb h nzz nvi ii A_ bxwzi giæ`û n jv ev iv Avev` Ges Zvi weivu Ask bó n q M QÑd j AÎ GjvKvq AK wl Dbœqbag x KvRI K g M Q K wlköwgkiv Kg ms v bi msk U c o Q cöpvigva g cökvwkz ÿz`ª `vkvb`vi `i fvl _ K `Lv hvq, epv Kbv mlv b M o 30 kzvsk K g M Q Ab vb A_ bwzk Kg KvÛ K g hviqvi nvii Abyiƒc Gm ei Kvi Y we` vjq jv Z wkÿv_ x `i Dcw wzi K g M Q QvÎQvÎx `i z j a i ivl Z GbwRI cwipvwjz zj jv Z RyjvB _ K `ycy ii Lvev ii e e v Kiv nq wkš kögrxex cwievi jvi wkï-wk kvi `i Rb Avqg~jK KvR GZ Acwinvh n q c o Q h, Zviv A b K z j hviqv eü K i w` q Q mikvi Kx K i Q mikv ii wnmv e Kej mybvgm Ä ÿwzmö Í K lk cwiev ii msl v wzb jvl 25 nvrvi 990 Gi g a mikvwifv e NvlYv `qv nq, `o jvl cwievi K wfwrgd-gi AvIZvq Avbv n e GiKg Kg m~wp Z GKwU cwievi K gv m 30 KwR Pvj `qv n Q wkš evwk cwievi jv Pig AwbðqZvq c o wqj mybvgmä Rjv cökvmk kl iwdkyj Bmjvg e j Qb 22, 15 UvKv KwRi Pv ji 45wU IGgGm K `ª Pvjy Av Q K `ª wø Y Kivi Rb cö Íve K iwq 2017-Gi Ry b A_ gš x ev RU e³ ZvqI e jwq jb, nvii GjvKvi 3 jvl 39 nvrvi cwievi K cöwz gv m wbw` ó cwigvy Pvj `qvi j ÿ ev R U 57 KvwU UvKv `qv n e 22 mygb Avdmvi, mvc` kvnxb, mvbd evàx, ÔnvI o m ve Avw_ K ÿwz cövq 10 nvrvi KvwU UvKvÕ 48

50 Ab w` K, Xj-eb vi cici cöavbgš x wm qwq jb mybvgm Äi kvjøvq mlv b h q wzwb ÿwzmö Í K lk `i K wlf Yi mỳ gikz di NvlYv `b wkš cövq wzb gvm ci GK AbymÜv b `Lv hvq, vbxq `i Awf hvm cöavbgš xi NvlYv Abyhvqx K wl e vs Ki mỳ GLbI gikzd nqwb K e bvmv` gikyd n e muvi Rv bb bv e vsk KZ c d j bzzb FY MÖn Y K l Kiv c o Qb ekvq`vq cyi bv FY cwi kva bv K i bzyb FY MÖn Yi weavb bb e j Rvwb q Qb e vsk Kg KZ viv mnvqzv cv Qb Rwgi gvwjkiv, K wl köwgkiv wecbœ D jøl, wfwrgd nvk, FY gikzd nvk Kvb mikvwi myweav ZB vbxq K wl köwgkiv we klfv e AšÍfz ³ n Q bv KviY mikvi dmj web ói Rb wzi h ZvwjKv K i Q Zv Z Rwgi gvwjk `i bvg i q Q d j mnvqzv hv cv Q Zv gyl Z Rwgi gvwjkiv A_P vbxq kögrxexiv Kej K wl Z Kv Ri my hvm ewâz ZvB bqñ avb gvi LvIqvi cvk cöwzwµqv ^iƒc Ab vb eûfv ei Zviv wecbœ hgb, bî Kvbv Rjvi GK AwfÁZvq `Lv M Q, mlv b PvjKj Av Q gvu 244wU AwaKvsk PvjK ji gvwjkb FY wb q e vs K Rwg I evwo eük i L Qb nvi ii dmj bó niqvq ch vß av bi Afv e Gme PvjK j GKw` K köwgkiv hgb KvR cv Q bvñ Zgwb gvwjkivi c o Qb Avw_ K msk U FY Ljvwc niqvi AvZ ¼ Av Qb Ggb GK PvjKj gvwjk bî Kvbvi gvnbmä Dc Rjvi Zgvj A Uv ivbm wg ji ^Z vwakvix e jb, 23 ÔRbZv e vs Ki gvnbmä kvlv _ K wgj I Rwg eük i L 3 KvwU 10 jvl UvKv FY wb qwq MZ eqi cöpyi avb G mwqj wg j F Yi wkw Í cwi kva Ki Z Kv bv mgm v nqwb wkš G eqi MZ wzbw` b G m Q 500 gy avb wkw Í cwi kva Ki Z bv cvi j Ljvwc n q hve ZLb Avgvi wgjmn emzwfuv wbjv g DVv e e vsk Õ GKBiƒc Ae v mybvgm ÄI mlv b PvjKj Av Q 265wU mvjbv Dc Rjvi PvjKj gvwjk Ryev qi Avn g` D Pmy ` FY wb q Qb GbwRI I vbxq gnvr bi KvQ _ K wzwb e jb, ÔGbwRI I GjvKvi jv Ki Kv Q FY wb qwq GLb wg j Kv bv KvR bb Avkcv ki Rjv jv ZI GKB Ae v evb i _ K avb AvbviI my hvm bb avb _vk j FY _vkz bv Kx n e eys Z cviwq bv Õ GBiƒc cwiw wz Z GjvKvi f wgnxb LZgRyiiv Kv Ri müv b `~i-`~iv ší M ji A b KB KvR bv c q Avevi GjvKvq wd i Avm Q GwcÖj 2017, evsjv wuªwedb 49

51 11 kög AvBb ms kvab D ` vm M n köwgk I K wl köwgk `i AšÍfz ³ Kivi `vwe 2017 mv j kög Lv Zi GKwU eo NUbv n jv kög AvBb ms kva bi D ` vm Ry b G j ÿ mikvi GKwU wîcÿxq KwgwUI MVb K i Q AvšÍR vwzk kög ms v evsjv ` ki kög AvBb K AwaKZi köwgk evüe I AvšÍR vwzk gvbm úbœ Kivi j ÿ ZvwM` `qvi Kvi YB AvBbwU ms v ii me kl D ` vm bqv nq GUv n jv we` gvb kög AvBb ˆZwii ci PZz_ ms kvab D ` vm e Z cybtcyb ms kvab niqvuv AvBbwUi wbqwz n q D V Q GB Kvi Y h, 2006 mv j hlb msm ` AvBbwU cöyxz nq ZLb RvZxq msm ` mvgvb B Av jvpbv n qwqj AvBbwU ÔcvmÕ-Gi cöwµqvq mmgq Zvovûov I AMYZvwš KZv wqj úó ZviB Ri Pj Q GK `kk cii me kl MZ eqi Ry b kögavbb ms kva bi j ÿ mikvi 24 m` m i h KwgwU MVb K i Q Zv Z Ab v b i gv S wq jb mswkøó PviwU gš Yvj qi GKRb K i cöwzwbwa, gvwjk `i wewfbœ msmv bi mvz Rb cöwzwbwa Ges köwgk msmvb jvi AvU Rb cöwzwbwa kög AvBb ms kvab msµvší GB KwgwU Z AvBGjIÕi GKRb cöwzwbwai ch eÿk wn m e AšÍfz ³ n q QbÑ hv we klfv e iæz c~y kög gš Yvj qi hym mwpe (kög) KwgwUi AvnŸvqK wn m e `vwqz cvjb Ki Qb D jøl, evsjv ` k cövq Qq KvwU gvbyl GLb ÔA_ bwzkfv e mwµqõ ev ÔKg izõ GB ÔKg izõ `i g a Pvi ai bi gvbyl Av Q 15 kzvsk ÔKg izõ cövwzôvwbk Lv Z evwk 85 kzvs ki g a AvZ Kg ms v b Av Q mvqv `yb KvwUi g Zv gvbyl cvwievwik e emvq wb qvwrz cövq mvqv KvwU Ges AcÖvwZôvwbK Lv Z Kg iz cövq mvqv KvwU kögrxex `i g a AcÖvwZôvwbK Lv Z Kg iziv kög AvB bi AvIZv ewnf Z GB AvB b evsjv ` ki msl vmwiô Ges me P q cövwšík `yb köwgk Rb MvôxÑM nkg x I ÿzgryi `i AvIZvi evb i ivlv n q Q Avevi cövwzôvwbk LvZmg~ ni A bk jv ZI kög AvB bi ev Íevqb AZ ší mxwgz Dciš kög AvB bb i q Q bvbvbiƒc mxgve Zv h mxgve Zvi Kvi Y cövwzôvwbk Lv ZI GB AvBb köwgk `i AwaKvi iÿvq cöz vwkz myiÿv w` Z e _ n Q GBiƒc ev ÍeZv _ K GB AvB bi ms v ii `vwe D V Q Ges mikvii kög AvBb bzzb K i ms kva bi j ÿ D ` vm wb q Q wkš GB D ` vm cöwµqvq we klfv e AcÖvwZôvwbK Lv Zi AšÍfz w³i welqwu AveviI D cwÿz _vkvi kskv Kiv n Q kög AvB b AšÍfz w³ bv NUvq AcÖvwZôvwbK Lv Zi köwgk `i gvbevwakvi I ckvmz AwaKvi eâbv AZ wak A_P gvu `kr Drcv` b Ae`vb Ges Kg ms v b iæz we epbvq evsjv ` ki A_ bxwz GLbI AcÖvwZôvwbK Lv Zi Ici wfwë K ib AMÖmi n Q evsjv `k köwgk Kj vy dvd Ûkb AvBb, Gi msáv Abyhvqx ÔAcÖvwZôvwbK LvZÕ n jv- ÔGiƒc emikvwi LvZ hlv b Kg iz köwg Ki Kv Ri ev PvKzwii kz, BZ vw` we` gvb kög AvBb I Zvi Aaxb cöyxz wewa-weav bi AvIZvq wba vwiz wksev wbqwš Z b n Ges hlv b Kg iz köwgk `i msmwvz niqvi my hvm AZ ší mxwgz Õ m wnmv e ` ki MÖvg-kn ii A bk ÿz`ª AvqZ bi Drcv`bB GLbI AcÖvwZôvwbK ch v q i q M Q Z e K wl Qvov AcÖvwZôvwbK Ab vb Lv Zi mvgwmök Kg ms v bi mwvk cwimsl vb cviqv ` k eiveib KwVb ez gvb kög AvBbwU cöyxz nq 2006 mv j GB AvBb ciez xkv j 2009, 2010 Ges 2013 mv j ms kvab nq Avi GB AvBb wbqwš Z I cwipvwjz nq evsjv `k kög wewagvjv 2015 Øviv kög wewagvjv n jv kög AvBb ev Íevq bi LywUbvwU welq jvi 50

52 we ÍvwiZ weeiy köwgk AwaKvi myiÿvi ÿ Î ez gvb kög AvB b `yb ai bi ÎæwU i q Q e j köwgk msmvkiv Awf hvm Ki Qb cö_gz AvB b ev Íe wkqz mgm v gvkv ejvq Kvb weavbb ivlv nqwb GUv n jv AvBbwUi Am ú~y Zvi w`k wøzxqz A bk mgm vi mgvav b AvBb AKvh Kix cögvwyz n Q GUv n jv AvBbwUi mxgve Zvi w`k cö_g ai bi Am ú~y Zvi g a i q Q we klfv e hšb nqivwbi welqwu ez gv b A bk wkílvzb bvix cöavb n q D V Q Ges mlv b mnkg x I DaŸ Zb `i Øviv bvix kögrxex `i hšb nqivwbi NUbvI NU Q wkš hšb nqivwbi cöwz iv a, gvkv ejvq, Z` ší I wepv ii ÿ Î kög AvB b ch vß Kvb wb ` k bb (G wel q GB cöwz e` bi Ab Î GKRb kög AvBbRxexi gzvgz i q Q ) GQvov ez gvb kög AvB bi myiÿv _ K Bwc R Wi köwgk `i ewâz Kiv n q Q ` ki msweavb gvbyl K msne niqvi h kz nxb M vivw U `q Bwc R Wi kögrxex `i Kvh Z Zv _ KI ewâz Kiv n q Q Zv `i kög AvBb ewnf Z K i w` q mlv b PvKzwii kz I kög AwaKvi Bwc RW KZ c ÿi wkqz wb ` kbv Øviv wbqwš Z n Q AwaKvi bb c~y v½ UªW BDwbqb MV bi hš_ `iklvkwl AwaKviI mxwgz köwgk `i Kj vy mwgwzag x hme D ` v Mi K_v Bwc RW KZ cÿ e j _v KbÑ Kvh ÿ Î ZvI ^vfvwekfv e wekwkz n Z `qv nqwb d j ` ki fz i _ KI Bwc RW jv AvBb-DaŸ GK GjvKvq iƒc wb q Q mlvbkvi köwgk `i Rb kög Av`vj Zi GLwZqviI mxwgz K i ivlv n q Q Z e 2017 mv j mikvi GB g g GKUv aviyv `q h, kög AvB bi m ve ms kva b Bwc R Wi köwgk `i AšÍfz ³ Kiv n e G Kvi YB Uª«W BDwbqb MVb Av iv mnrxki Yi j Bwc RW AvBb (ms kvab)-gi Lmov msm`xq vqx KwgwU _ K diz Avbv nq Ab w` K kög AvB bi Dc i DwjøwLZ wøzxq ai bi mgm vi g a i q Q UªW BDwbqb MV bi ÿ ÎÑ we klz BDwbqb iwr ªk bi ÿ Î GB AvBb köwgk evüe bq AvB b KviLvbv ch v q h ÔcvwU wm cuwi KwgwUÕ MV bi weavb i q QÑZviI Ace envi n Q gvwjkiv wb R `i cq `mb e w³ `i w` q Gme KwgwU MVb K i ivl Qb ez gv b ˆZwi cvkvk Lv Zi köwgk msmvk `i GKwU wbz Awf hvm n jv UªW BDwbqb MVb Kivi D ` vm bqv n j mvgvb e wzµg QvovB Zv bvkp n q hv Q GBiƒc AwfÁZv jÿ Kiv M Q UwjKg m± ii g Zv e vckfv e wekvkgvb Lv ZI BDwbqb MV bi Rb AvB b 30 kzvsk köwg Ki mwµq mg_ bi h eva evakzv i q Q Zv AvšÍR vwzk köggv bi m ½ gv UB m½wzc~y bq Avevi Kvb cöwzôv b UªW BDwbqb M o Zvjvq D ` vmx f wgkvi Kvi Y gvwjkiv A bk mgqb mswkøó köwgk `i cöwz h cöwzwnsmvg~jk AvPiY K i _v Kb ez gvb kögavbb ZviI myiÿv w` Z e _ n Q UªW BDwbqb MVb D ` v M hy³ köwgk `i PvKzwiPz wz iva ev Zv `i cybe nvj wel q kög cwipvj Ki f wgkv I `vqe Zvi wel q AvBb AviI mywbw` ó I köwgk evüe niqv cö qvrb kög Av`vjZmg~ ni `xn m~wîzv Kgv ZI ez gvb kög AvBb e _ n q Q ejv hvq AZx Z kög AvB bi hz `dv ms kvab Kiv n q Q Zvi eo `ye jzv wqj AcÖvwZôvwbK LvZ K Zv Z AšÍfz ³ bv Kiv hgb, mikvi ` ki jvl jvl M n cwipvwikv `i Rb bxwzgvjv cöyqb Ki ji Zv K AvBbMZ gh v`vq ejer hvm Kiv nqwb d j gvv ch v q Gi Kvb mydj cviqvi my hvm bb A_P ` k cövq 20 jvl M nkg x i q Q Giƒc AviI wkqz Lv Z kögrxexiv AvB bi myiÿv _ K ewâz n Q ÔkÖwgKÕ-Gi msáv cömvwiz bv Kivi Kvi Y 51

53 12 UªW BDwbqb AwaKvi PP v, evav I wezk mikvwi wnmv e cövq AvU nvrvi UªW BDwbqb i q Q evsjv ` k Z e Ab vb eq ii P q G eqi (2017) kög AwaKvi Z_v UªW BDwbqb AwaKv ii ÿ Î GKwU eo ˆewkó wqj idzvwb cöwµqvkiy A ji evb ii köwgk `i msmwvz niqvi AwaKv ii PP v AZx Zi P q mskzwpz n q c o Q D jøl, 1977 mv j wkí m úwk Z Aa v ` k Ômve wykõ UªW BDwbqb bzv `i KjKviLvbvq köwgk cöwzwbwa Z i wbe vp b AskMÖnY wbwl Kiv nq mb m ½ GKwU BDwbqb MVb Kivi Rb Kgc KviLvbvi gvu köwg Ki 30 kzvs ki AskMÖnY eva Zvg~jK Kiv nq G `ywu weavb wqj UªW BDwbqb K `ªxK köwgk AwaKvi PP vi c _ GKwU cöwzeükzv G `ywu ÔcwieZ bõ AvBGjIi AšÍZ `ywu iæz c~y Kb fbkb 87 I 98-Gi m ú~y cwicš x Gi weiæ UªW BDwbqb jvi Rviv jv cöwzev `i c ii 2017 ch ší köwgk ^v_ we ivax G `ywu Kv jv AvBb evwzj nqwb köwgk bzviv ej Qb, h KvbI KviLvbvi 30 fvm köwgk mw wjz n jb IB KviLvbvi köwgkiv UªW BDwbqb Ki Z cvi eñgbiƒc weavb ev Íe mgm v n q `uvovq köwgk dwv ikb bzv ZŠwn`yj Bmjvg e jb, wzb kõ köwg Ki KviLvbvq 90 köwg Ki m wz c jb BDwbqb Ki Z cvivi K_v A_P BDwbq bi Av e`b Rgv `Iqvi ci ûu K i gvwjk I kög`dz ii hš_ Zid _ K KvM Rc Î KviLvbvi köwgkmsl v evwo q ejv nqñ30 kzvsk m wz bv cviqvq AbygwZ `Iqv Mj bv GQvov wfbœag x mgm vi i q Q evsjv ` ki kögcwipvjk I iwr «vi Ae UªW BDwbqb Awd mi wnmv e ` k 7 nvrvi 726wU BDwbq bi m`m msl v ez gv b 28 jvl 1 nvrvi 594 Rb Z e G msl v KZUv mwvkñ m wb q cökœ i q Q KviY A bk mgq eü KjKviLvbvi wnmve mwvkfv e wbewüz nq bv Avevi cö qvrbxq m`m msl v bv _vkv m Ë I A bk BDwbqb evwzj nq bv ` ki GKRb köwgk bzv 2017 mv ji 6 Ryb ˆ`wbK ewyk evz vq cökvwkz Zuvi GK jlvq `vwe K i Qb, ez gv b gvu Mv g Um KviLvbvwfwËK BDwbq bi msl v 555 Ges dwv ik bi msl v 45 Mv g U KviLvbvi msl v 6 nvrvi 100 Møvevj BDwbqb dwv ikb ÔBÛvw «qvjajõ, AvBGjI Ges A bk `vzv ms v Mv g U LvZ K msmwvz Kivi Rb KvwiMwi I Avw_ K mnvqzv cö`vb K i P j Q Zey GLv Z GLbI msmwvz köwg Ki msl v 1 kzvs ki wb P GiKg Ae vq köwgk `i e vck Dcw wz i q Q Ggb GjvKv jv Z Zv `i msmwvz Ki Z köwgk msmvk `i AvMÖ ni cuf wg Z 2017 mv ji 27 deªæqvwi kög cöwzgš x msev` m jb K i e j Qb, ÔAvïwjqv I MvRxcyi GjvKvq cvkvk KviLvbv K K `ª K i A bk AwbewÜZ UªW dwv ikb, wewfbœ GbwRI, hv `i GLv b Kv bv KvR bb, ZvivI mlv b Awdm K i wewfbœ mgq wewfbœfv e köwgk `i weåvší K ib Avgiv HK g Z G mwq Avïwjqvmn wewfbœ Mv g Um GjvKvq Kv bv ikg Avb iwr ªvW (AwbewÜZ) UªW BDwbqb I dwv ik bi Awdm _vk e bv Ges Kv bv GbwRIi Awdm _vk e bv hviv bvwk iwr ªvW BDwbqb, W jevi cö vkwum Ki Qb, Zv `i Awdm mlv b _vk e G Z mikv ii Kv bv AvcwË bvb Õ köggš xi GB e³ e i ci DwjøwLZ GjvKv jv Z köwgk msmvk `i Kvh µg AwaKZi mskzwpz n q c o Q Gw` K 2017 mv ji GwcÖ j BD ivcxq cvj v g Ui GKwU cöwzwbwa`j evsjv `k md i Av m hviqvi Av M `jwu kög AwaKv ii wel q wkqy civgk i L M Q Gi g a cöavb n Q Bwc R W (ißvwb cöwµqvkiy Rvb) wbqwgz UªW BDwbqb Pvjyi 52

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