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7 105 ha 227 ha ha 3 2 7,513ha 6,898ha 8 12 SACO 3,987ha 3,372ha 84.5 GIS ha 6.7 6,436ha H ML 4

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19 g

20 d d 300 d 300 d 2 g 17

21 ha d d g , , , , , , , ,

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23 ,127.3mm ,000mm * 5 20

24 21

25 Good K T P T K P T K 2P T

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31 pp , , pp , ,. WWFJ Science Report GIS 28

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33 cm cm 1 ST cm 9.2 cm

34 ST cm 8.3 cm cm ST cm cm ST cm 6.8 cm

35 1,320 2, cm cm 8.9 cm cm 1 ST-2 120m cm 6.8 cm

36 ST cm 7.8 cm

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38 1988 1,

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46 Ohkawa, Yokota & Hoshino, : 19-31pp 44

47 pp Ohkawa, T., M. Yokota & T. Hoshino Aneuploidal population differentiation in Carex sociata Boott Cyperaceae of the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 132: pp pp 1998, 55: 10-18pp 2005 GIS 45

48 Pteropus loochoensis Motokawa et al Maeda and Matsumura Maeda & Matsumura

49 47

50 2 1, a,b

51 3 3 Brigham et al Lunney et al g g 0.01g

52 cm cm 30 cm cm Brigham et al Sedgeley and O'Donnell

53 IA 2005 IA CR IA CR 2005 IB EN II VU 2005 IB EN 1993 Regacy project 51

54 IB EN 2005 IB EN NT 2005 II VU DD 2005 IEN 2005 II VU IB (EN) 52

55 Short Regacy project 53

56 498 71ha 662ha 23ha

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58 , 1987, 1987 Yasukawa et al Takeda and Ota 1996 Takydromus toyamai Ota and Iwanaga 1997, 1991 Matsui 1994 Rana amamiensis 2 Rana utsunomiyaorum Rana supranarina, 1989;, 1984 DNA Tanaka et al

59 , a 1977 Katsuren et al Utsunomiya et al km b 1996b

60 1 5 AMPHIBIA Salamandridae Tylototriton andersoni BOULENGER, 1892 Cynops ensicauda HALLOWELL, 1860 Bufonidae Bufo gargarizans miyakonis OKADA, 1931 Hylidae Hyla hallowellii THOMPSON, 1912 Ranidae Rana okinavana BOETTGER, 1895 Rana limnocharis limnocharis WIEGMANN, 1835 Rana catesbeiana SHAW, 1802 Rana narina STEJNEGER, 1901 Rana namiyei STEJNEGER, 1901 Rana ishikawae STEJNEGER, 1901 Rana holsti BOULENGER, 1892 Rhacophoridae Buergeria japonica HALLOWELL, 1860 Polypedates leucomystax BOIE, 1829 Rhacophorus viridis viridis HALLOWELL, 1860 Microhylidae Microhyla ornata DUMERIL et BIBRON, 1841 REPTILIA Bataguridae 58

61 Geoemyda japonica FAN, 1931 Emydidae Trachemys scripta elegans Trionychidae Pelodiscus sinensis Gekkonidae Gekko hokouensis POPE, 1928 Hemidactylus frenatus DUMERIL et BABRON, 1836 Eublepharidae Goniurosaurus kuroiwae kuroiwae NAMIYE, 1912 Agamidae Japalura polygonata polygonata HALLOWELL, 1860 Scincidae Eumeces barbouri VAN DENBURGH, 1912 Eumeces marginatus marginatus HALLOWELL, 1860 Ateuchosaurus pellopleurus HALLOWELL, 1860 Laceritidae Takydromus smaragdinus BOULENGER, 1887 Typhlopidae Ramphotyphlops braminus DAUDIN, 1803 Colubridae Achalinus werneri VAN DENBURGH, 1912 Cyclophiops semicarinatus HALLOWELL, 1860 Dinodon semicarinatus COPE, 1860 Amphiesma pryeri pryeri BOULENGER, 1887 Elapidae Calliophis japonicus boettgeri FRITZE, 1894 Viperidae Ovophis okinavensis BOULENGER, 1892 Trimeresurus flavoviridis HALLOWELL,

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63 13km 100 Cyprinus carpio Carassius auratus langsdorfii Rhinogobius sp.bb Rhinogobius sp.yb Rhinogobius giurinus Rhinogobiu sp.cb Plecoglossus altivelis ryukyuensis Ophieleotri sp. Hypseleotris cyprinoides Kuhlia rupestris Kuhlia marginata

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71 40 2 Azuma et al Ito Omine & Ito 1998 Ito et al , , 5 1 : 34-43pp. 69

72 pp pp., pp.41-58, pp Azuma, S., Sasaki, T. & Ito, Y Effects of undergrowth removal on the species diversity of insects in natural forests of Okinawa Honto. Pacific Conservation Biology 3: , pp , 11-13pp.. Groombridge B. ed IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK pp., pp pp., pp., pp., pp., pp., pp., pp., ,. 70

73 pp., ,. Ito, Y Diversity of forest tree species in Yanbaru, the northern part of Okinawa Island. Plant Ecology, 133: , pp. Ito, Y., Takamine, H. & Yamauchi, K Abundance and species diversity of ants in forests of Yanbaru, the northern part of Okinawa Honto, with special reference to effects of undergrowth removal. Entomological Science, Vol. 2, in press , ,. Katsuren, S., S. Tanaka and S. Ikehara A brief observation on the breeding site and eggs of a frog, Rana ishikawae [Stejneger] in Okinawa Island. Ecol. Stud. Nat. Cons. Ryukyu Isl., 49-54pp ,, pp Maeda, K. and S. Matsumura Two new species of vespertilionid bats, Myotis and Murina Vespertilionidae: Chiroptera from Yanbaru, Okinawa Island, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. Zool. Sci., 15: pp. Matsui, M A taxonomic study of the Rana narina complex, with description of three new species Amphibia: Ranidae. J. Linn. Soc. London Zool., 111: , 5, 2.,. Motokawa, M., S. Hattori, H. Ota and T. Hikida Geographic variation in the Watase's shrew Crocidura watasei Insectivora, Soricidae from the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Mammalia, 60: ,, ,., pp.,. Okada, Y Studies on the lizards of Japan. Contribution I. Gekkonidae. Sci. Rep. Tokyo Bunrika Daigaku, B2 42 :

74 pp , , Sapheopipo noguchii SEEBOHM3. 8.,. 77pp , ,., pp a. 5., b. 6., ,. Omine, T. & Ito, Y Abundance and diversity of soil macrofauna of forests in Yanbaru, northern montane part of Okinawa Island, with special reference to removal of undergrowth. Memoire of Okinawa University No. 15: , 13 : Ota, H. and S. Iwanaga A systematic review of the snakes allied to Amphiesma pryeri Boulenger Squamata: Colubridae in the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. J. Linn. Soc. London Zool., 121: pp , , 5,,. 190pp C., 10: Short, L Notes on Okinawa birds and Ryukyu Islands zoogeogrphy. IBIS. 115: , 36:

75 Takeda, N. and H. Ota Description of a new species of Takydromus from the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan, and a taxonomic redefinition of T. smaragdinus Boulenger 1887 Reptilia: Lacertidae. Herpetologica, 52: pp., ,. Tanaka, M., M. Matsui and O. Takenaka Phylogenetic relationship of Japanese brown frogs Rana: Ranidae assessed by mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences. Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 24: pp pp pp pp a pp., b.. Akamata, 9 : a pp b.. Akamata, 13 : pp.. Utsunomiya, Y., T. Utsunomiya, S. Katsuren & M. Toyama Habitat segregation observed inthe breeding of five frog species dwelling in a mountain stream of Okinawa Islands. Ann. Zoo. Jap., 56 2 : Yasukawa, Y., H. Ota, and T. Hikida Taxonomic re-evaluation of the two subspecies of Geoemyda spengleri Gmelin, 1789 Reptilia: Emydidae. Jpn. J. Herpetol., 14 3 :

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