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1 v)r nm<d d(xn g&jrit y&(nv(s<t), s&rt t&lnirmk si(hry (vbig (vpy: t&lnirmk si(hry s[m[atr-1 p\âp#i: 1: s]üi>(tk (vcirni an[ Äyvhir& (vv[cn p(r(sot-1 p[pr: 1 a[km: 1 ni[>f: {1} t&lnirmk si(hry: S¾d an[ ay<, s>xi an[ t[ni s>k[ti[ {2} t&lnirmk si(hryn) Äyi²yi an[ t[n&> pzykkrn {3} t&lnirmk si(hry an[ a[k BiPini si(hryni[ a yis {4} t&lnirmk si(hry a yisni h[t&ai[: Birt)y s>db[< an[ v](vk s>db[< {1} t&lnirmk si(hry: am[(rkn an[ f\[>c a(bgm {2} t&lni: ÄyvhirJvnmi>, si(hrymi> an[ aºy SiA#ii[mi> {3} t&lnirmk si(hry: ³y&EY[, m[ y& aini[<ãd an[ rv)ºwniy Tigi[r {4} t&lnirmk si(hry a yisn) a(nviy<ti 'ml[li Jv": pºnilil pt[l {g&jrit)} 'Si(At": {sji} kºh&crn mhi>t) {ai[(dyi} an&: g)ti>j(l pr)k kz(tai[n) t&lnimi>: kyivat&, c(r#i(c#in, vitivrn, BiPi s>yi[jn, simi(jk si>akz(tk B*(mkiai[, rcnir)(tni p(rp\[èymi> t&lni ap[(xt C[. : 1. pr)k, F)$: 't&lnirmk si(hry", p\kisn: g&jrit y&(nv(s<t), amdivid, p\ym aivz(_i. 2. bipt, vs>t: {an&.: jyi mh[ti} 't&lnirmk si(hryi yis", p\kisk: a[s.a[n.d).t). y&(nv(s<t), m&>be p\ym aivz(_i. 3. ci]fr), EºWniY: 't&lnirmk si(hry k) B*(mki", n[snl p(¾l(s>g hius, 1983, nv) (dãh). 4. d[sie, a(vn: 't&lnirmk si(hryn) (dsimi>", (däyin>d p\kisn, d[sie, a(vn: 'a>g&l) (nd[<s", si(hry s>gm, bivis)d)n) S[r), p>ci[l) vid) sim[, s&rt,

2 6. d[sie, c]tºy: 't&lnirmk si(hry-birt)y s>db<", y&(nv(s<t) g\>y (nmi<n bi[d<, amdivid rivl, (vniyk an[ b)ji: {s>pidn}: '(v(vf a(bgmi[" {(vv[cnni}, g&jrit)ni[ a¹yipk s>g, amdivid prmir, dmy>t): '(Svk&mir ji[p) an[ j]n[ºwk&mirn) nvlkyiai[mi> nir)c[tni", p\kisk: pi[t[, p\ym aivz(_i Gifford Henry: Comparative Literature : Rout ledge and keg an paul, Londan Power, S.S.: Comparative Literature Studies, an introduction Duckworth Londan & New Your. 11. Chandra Mohan: (Ed.) Aspects of Comparative Literature: Current Approaches, New Delhi, India Publishers and Distributors: Das, Sisirkumar: (Ed.) Comparative Literature: Theory and Practical, Indian institute of studies: Nakamura, Hajime: A Comparative History of Ideas, Motilal Bansrasidass, Pvt. Ltd. Delhi, First Indian Edition: Delhi: Cuddon, J.A.: Dictionary of Literary Terms 15. pt[l, lãl&bie b). jinpd) nvlkyikir pºnilil pt[l: {1991 pz: 260} 16. usn`s. K[t) an[ p\)(tni k(vvr pºnili pt[l. b&(üp\kis, 125-6, j*n 78: nvlkyikir pºnilil pt[l. S¾dsZ(OT, 4-6, j*n 87: ci]fr), rg&v)r. pºnililn&> kyisi(hry. s&mn Sih s>pi. sºfin, 3-4 {1988} nvlkyikir pºnilil. pºnilil pt[l {1993} jid[ji, (dlivr(s>h. pºnililn&> p\ny(n$pn-a[k p#i. s>akz(t, 15 {173} m[ 61: qikr, F)r&BiE. pºnilil pt[ln) nvlkyiai[. avi<c)n g&jrit) si(hryn) (vkisr[ki- 2 {1982} pt[l, pºnilil: 'ml[li Jv", s>jvn), y&(nv(s<t) ¼lizi, nvr>gp&ri amdivid, p&nm&<wn Ti[p)viLi, cºwkiºt: rcnivl) 22. mhipi#i, ji[g[vr: g\>yp(rcy 23. mhi>(t, kºh&crn {an&. g)tij>l) pr)k}: sji: n[snl b&k T^AT, nv) (dãh), 2

3 s[m[atr-1 p\âp#i: 2: si(hry an[ s>akz(t p[pr: 2 a[km: 1 ni[>f: {1} si(hry a[tl[ S&>? s>akz(t a[tl[ S&>? an[ b>n[ vµc[ni[ s>b>f {2} s>akz(tn) (vs[ptiai[ {3} si(hry an[ s>akz(t (vs[ (v(vf (voini[ni m>täyi[ {1} s>akz(tni p\kiri[: pi]rary s>akz(t, piáiry s>akz(t, Sh[r) an[ g\iày {2} bh&s>akz(tvid an[ t&lnirmk si(hry {3} smij, s yti an[ s>akz(t 'gi[ri": rv)ºwniy Tigi[r {b>gil)} '(süiy<": hrmin h[s {jm<n} kz(tai[n) t&lnimi>: kyivat&, c(r#i(c#in, vitivrn, BiPi s>yi[jn, simi(jksi>akz(tk B*(mki, rcnir)(tni p(rp\[èymi> t&lni ap[(xt C[. Bernheimer, Charles: Comparative Literature in the. Age of Multiculturalism : The John Hopkins University Press. (1995). 2715, North Charles Street, Baltimose Maryland, Sardar, Ziauddin. Orientalism Published by: Viva Book Pvt. Ltd. 214, New Appollo Ind. Estate. Mosra Lane4, Andheri. (E) Mumbai = 2002 Huntington, Samuel P.: The Clash of Civilization and the Remaking of World Order. Penguin Books India (P.) Ltd. 11, Communtiy Centre, Panch Sheel, Park, New Delhi , India Said Edward. Orientalism Vintage Books, vi[ri, Diˆ. sv[s. an&: pilk)vili nin) 'Birtni[ am*ãy virsi[": a[n.a[m. qkkrn) k>pn): 140 p\)ºs[s AT^)T, m&>be p\ym aivz(_i: {pz: 52} ji[s), umis>kr. 's>akz(t": nv[àbr, l[k: 'p*v< an[ p(ámni> SiVt m*ãyi[", pz:

4 'p*v< an[ p(ám": Avim) (vv[kin>d 'p*v< an[ p(ám" : (nryin>d pt[l 'Birt)y s>akz(t": kn]yilil m&ns) 'aipn) s>akz(tni> k[tli>k vh[ni[": Av. d&gi<s>kr SiA#i) 's>akz(t mit[ myniriai[": niriyn d[sie 'Birt)y s>akz(tni piyi": ~) ar(v>d 'p*v< an[ p(ám": Diˆ. rifikzon 1. h[s, hrmin {an&. n)$ d[sie}: '(süiy<", Birt)y si(hry s>g, amdivid, dlil, s&r[s: 'hrmin h[s" {p(rcy p&(atki}, p(rcy T^AT, m&>be, j[tl), kzonvdn: 'ni[b[l si(hrykiri[", vi[ri p(¾lss<, amdivid,

5 s[m[atr-1 p\âp#i: 3: Av$plx) t&lnirmk a yis: T*>k)viti< p[pr: 3 a[km: 1 ni[>f: {1} t&lnirmk si(hry an[ Av$plx) a yis {2} T*>k)viti<: ud`bv, Av$pgt lix(nkti {3} Äyi²yi, lxni[ {4} T*>k)viti<n&> si(hry Av$p: T*>k)viti<ni GTkt_v {1} piáiry T*>k)viti<ni[ e(this {2} Birt)y T*>k)viti<ni[ e(this {3} b>gil) T*>k)viti< {4} g&jrit) T*>k)viti< '(hmi>s) S[ltn) viti<sz(ot": s>pi: m(nlil h. pt[l {g&jrit)} 'aisip*ni< d[v)n) ~[Oq viti<ai[" {b>gil)} kz(tai[n) t&lnimi>: kyivat&, pi#isz(ot, s>vid, s>gp<, t²tiliyk), (#i(v#i a[kti, rcnir)(t an[ aºy GTk t_vi[ni p(rp\[èymi> t&lni ap[(xt C[. 1. avi<c)n g&jrit) si(hryn) (vkis r[ki: F)r&BiE qikr 2. avi<c)n g&jrit) si(hry Av$pi[ni[ (vkis: Diˆ. rnjtrim pt[l 3. sd)n&> srv]y&: s>. rg&v)r ci]fr) 4. T*>k)viti< an[ g&jrit) T*>k)viti<: s>pi. jy>t ki[qir) 5. T*>k)viti<: Av$p an[ si(hry: jy>t piqk an[ rm[s S&kl 6. p\t)(t: p\mi[dk&mir pt[l 7. T*>k)viti<: (vjy SiA#i) 5

6 s[m[atr-1 p\âp#i: 4 {a} : (vpyvat&lx) t&lnirmk a yis {d(lt s>v[dni} p[pr: 4 a[km: 1 ni[>f: {1} t&lnirmk si(hry an[ (vpyvat&lx) a yis {2} d(lt si(hry {3} d(lt s>v[dni an[ d(lt c[tni {1} d(lt si(hry: Birt)y p(rp\[èymi> {2} g&jrit) si(hrymi> d(lt s>v[dni {3} (hºd) si(hrymi> d(lt s>v[dni 'mlk": dlpt ci]hin {g&jrit)} 'j*qn": ai[mp\kis viãm)k) {(hºd)} kz(tai[n) t&lnimi>: kyivat&, pi#isz(ot, s>vid, vitivrn, simi(jk Si[PN, JvndS<n t[mj simi(jk, si>akz(tk B*(mkini p(rp\èymi> t&lni ap[(xt C[. 1. ji[s), rmnlil. Birt)y nvlkyi, 1 {1974} 'nvlkyi": Xing>gi[#i) g\>y~[n)- 7 {1970} 3. Brt mh[ti: p\(tbü, p\kisk: pi[t[, B). n. vnkr: p\ryiyn 5. s>pi: ajt qiki[r: 'v)"-d(lt si(hry (vs[pi>k 6. viãm)k), ai[mp\kis: j*qn: rifikzon p\kisn, nv) (dãh), ci]hin, dlpt: mlk, r>goir p\kisn, amdivid, prmir, mi[hn an[ b)ji: g&jrit) d(lt si(hry: Avi¹yiy an[ sm)xi, y&(nv(s<t) g\>y(nmi<n bi[d<, amdivid

7 s[m[atr-1 p\âp#i: 4 {b} : si(hrym)mi>si Big: 1 p[pr: 4 a[km: 1 {1} rs (vcir {2} Brtn&> rss*#i {3} li[ãlt {4} S>k*k {5} niyk : cirni mti[n) cci<. sigirn)krn {a(bnv g&¼t} rsp\t)(tni (v¹ni[.} {1} ¹v(n(vcir a[(rati[tlni[ kiäy (vcir {1} T^[jD)n) Äyi²yi {2} k[yis)<s li[ºjieºsni[ kiäy(vcir {1} uñi>ttini A#ii[t {2} pi[pk, avri[fk p(rbli[ 1. kgl[, r.p.{an&.: jyi mh[ti}: 'p\ic)n kiäysia#i", vi[ri a[ºd k>pn), amdivid, p\ym aivz(_i pir[k, ng)ndis: '¹vºyili[k" {ain>dvf<nni[ ¹v(n(vcir}, g&jrit) si(hry p(rpd, (ot)y aivz(_i ki[qir), j>yt an[ rijpri, nt&bie: 'Birt)y kiäy(süi>t", g*j<r g\>yrrn kiy<ly, amdivid (von&d_i: 't&lnirmk si(hrysia#i {e(this ai]r sm)xi}", si(hry sdn, dh[rid&n, p\ym aivz(_i pt[l, gi]_im vid)lil: 'v](dk si(hry an[ s>akz(t", y&(nv(s<t) g\>y(nmi<n bi[d<, g&jrit rijy, amdivid, p\ym aivz(_i p>cil, (Sr)P: 'p(ámn&> si(hry (vv[cn" {p\ic)n kil}, y&(nv(s<t) g\>y(nmi<n bi[d<, g&jrit rijy amdivid, p\ym aivz(_i pt[l, bh[crbie air.: 'piáiry si(hrym)mi>sini s)miat>bi[", y&(nv(s<t) g\>y(nmi<n bi[d<, g&jrit rijy amdivid, tzt)y aivz(_i {s>si[(ft} pt[l, m(nlil h.: 'si(hry m)mi>si", piv< p(¾lk[sn, amdivid, ci[y) s>v(f<t aivz(_i Diˆ. ng[ºw: 'rs-(süi>t", n[snl p(¾l(s>g hius, (dãh), p\ym aivz(_i

8 s[m[atr-1 p\âp#i: 5 : si(hry an[ mni[(vxin p[pr: 5 a[km: 1 t&lnirmk si(hryn&> a yisx[#i si(hry a[tl[ S&>? mni[(vxin a[tl[ S&>? b>n[ vµc[ni[ s>b>f nvlkyi si(hry Av$p an[ mni[v]xi(nk nvlkyiai[ (vv[cnni (v(vf a(bgmi[ mni[v]xi(nk viti<ai[: g&jrit) viti<ai[ni s>db[< mni[v]xi(nk nvlkyiai[: mriq) nvlkyiai[ni s>db[< si(hry an[ mni[(vxin (vs[ (v(vf (voini[ni m>täyi[ mhi(b(nok\mn: m&k&>d pr)k {g&jrit)} 'aip ki b>t)": mºn& B>D[r) {(hºd)} 1. prmir, {Diˆ.} dmy>t): '(Svk&mir ji[p) an[ j]n[ºwk&mirn) nvlkyiai[mi> nir)c[tni", p\kisk: pi[t[, p\ym aivz(_i: pt[l, c>wkiºt p\b&bie: 'simiºy mni[(vxin", y&(nv(s<t) g\>y(nmi<n bi[d<, g&jrit rijy, amdivid, p\ym aivz(_i: pr)k, Bin&p\sid amztlil: 'p\gt simiºy mni[(vxin", y&(nv(s<t) g\>y(nmi<n bi[d<, g&jrit rijy, amdivid, p\ym aivz(_i: minfin[, Fnrij: '(hºd) k[ mni[v]xi(nk upºyis", g\>ym, rimbig, kinp&r, p\ym s>akrn: ci]fr), rg&v)r an[ b)ji: 'g&jrit) nvlkyi", y&(nv(s<t) g\>y(nmi<n bi[d<, g&jrit rijy, amdivid, ph[l) aivz(_i: B>D[r), mºn&: aip ki b>t) 8

9 v)r nm<d d(xn g&jrit y&(nv(s<t), s&rt t&lnirmk si(hry (vbig (vpy: t&lnirmk si(hry s[m[atr-2 p\âp#i: 6 : t&lnirmk si(hry (vpyk (nb>fi[ p[pr: 5 a[km: 1 Birt)y si(hry pr p\biv: {1} gi>f)ni[ p\biv {2} miks<ni[ p\biv {3} f\i[edni[ p\biv {4} Tigi[rni[ p\biv {1} b>gil)ni[ g&jrit) k(vti pr p\biv {2} a(atrvvidni[ g&jrit) nvlkyi pr p\biv {3} as>g(tvid an[ t[ni[ g&jrit) nitk pr p\biv {4} ~) ar(v>dni[ g&jrit) si(hry pr p\biv {1} p&rikãpn an[ si(hry {2} t&lnirmk si(hry: BiPi an[ s>akz(tni s>db[< {3} g\)k s>akzt nity pr>pri {4} t&lnirmk si(hry: g&jritmi>, d[smi> an[ (vd[smi> {1} (vvsi(hry (vs[ ³y*EY[ an[ Tigi[r {2} Birt)y si(hry (vs[ (von&p\sid (#iv[d) an[ s&n)(tk&mir c[trj {3} umis>kr ji[s)n) (vv[cnimi> t&lnirmk p(rp\[èy {4} riot^)y si(hry an[ (vvsi(hry : 1. d[sie, a(vn: 't&lnirmk si(hryn) (dsimi>", (däyin>d p\kisn, d[sie, a(vn: 'a>g&l) (nd[<s", si(hry s>gm, bivis)d)n) S[r), p>ci[l) vid) sim[, s&rt, v[d, nr[s: Birt)y si(hryn) (vbivni, Avi¹yiy, pz: 33 a>k 33-34, axrtzt)y jºmiotm) a>k: a[(p\l, s¼t[àbr, 1996, pz: gi>f), Bi[g)lil: {s>pidk} Xin g>gi[#i) g\>y mili, g\>y: (vvsi(hry. 5. drj, p\v)n: p&rkãpn, y&(nv(s<t) g\>y(nmi<n bi[d<, amdivid, p\ym aivz(_i. 1

10 6. Joshi, U.: The Idea of Indian Literature, Sahitya Academy, New Delhi, Firs Published: ji[s), rmnlil: Birt)y nvlkyi, y&(nv(s<t) g\>y(nmi<n bi[d<, amdivid, l[kn mig<d(s<n): y&(nv(s<t) g\>y(nmi<n bi[d<, amdivid. 9. mh[ti, cºwki>t: s>t&ln, air.air.s[qn) k>pn), amdivid. 10. p>cil, (Sr)P: 'vit aipni (vv[cnn)", s>vid p\kisn vdi[dri, p\ym aivz(_i prmir, dmy>t): 'Avit>#yi[_ir g&jrit) aƒ¾sd< nitki[", p\kisk: pi[t[, p\ym aivz(_i s[m[atr-2 p\âp#i: 7 : t&lnirmk Birt)y si(hry p[pr: 6 a[km: 1 {1} t&lnirmk si(hryni[ ²yil Birt)y s>db[<: am)y d[v {2} t&lnirmk Birt)y si(hry (vs[- (S(Srk&mir dis {3} Birt)y si(hry (vs[ EºWniY ci]fr) {4} Birt)y si(hry (vs[ ng[ºw ni[>f: {1} Birt)y si(hryn) (vbivni {2} Birt)y si(hryn) kz(tai[ upr Birt)y smij an[ s>akz(tni[ p\biv {3} Birt)y si(hry (vs[ m[ksm*lr {4} v](vktin) B*(mkini s>db[< Birt)yti 'l)l&d) Frt)": c&n)lil m(dyi {g&jrit)} 'm]li ai>cl": fn)vrniy r[n& {(hºd)} {nvlkyiai[n) t&lnimi> kyivat&, c(r#i(c#in, s>gp<, vitivrn, BiPi s>yi[jn, simi(jk si>akz(tk B*(mkiai[, rcnir)(tni p(rp\[èymi> t&lni ap[(xt C[.} 1. ci]fr), EºWniY: 't&lnirmk si(hry k) B*(mki", n[snl p(¾l(s>g hius, 1983, nv) (dãh). 2. d[sie, a(vn: 'a>g&l) (nd[<s", si(hry s>gm, bivis)d)n) S[r), p>ci[l) vid) sim[, s&rt,

11 3. d[sie, c]tºy: 't&lnirmk si(hry-birt)y s>db<", y&(nv(s<t) g\>y (nmi<n bi[d<, amdivid d[sie, c]tºy: 't&lnirmk si(hry-(vd[s) s>db<", p\kisk: pi[t[, p\ym aivz(_i b\mbí, p\sid: 't&lnirmk si(hry: (süi>t an[ (v(nyi[g", y&(nv(s<t) g\>y(nmi<n bi[d, g&jrit rijy, amdivid, 6. m(dyi, c&n)lil: l)l&d) Frt) Big-1-2, nvbirt si(hry m>(dr, amdivid, #i)j aivz(_i: ci]fr), rg&v)r an[ b)ji: g&jrit) nvlkyi: y&(n. g\>y(nmi<n bi[d<, amdivid, #i)j aivz(_i: drj, p\v)n: nvlkyi Av$p: y&(n. g\>y(nmi<n bi[d<, amdivid, p\ym aivz(_i: jin), blv>t: c&n)lil m(dyi, g*j<r g\>yrrn kiyi<ly: amdivid, (ot)y aivz(_i: (ov[d), (vfifr: (hºd) m[> ai>c(lk upºyis, (c>tn p\kisn, kinp&r, p\ym s>akrn: s[m[atr-2 p\âp#i: 8 : t&lnirmk (vvsi(hry p[pr: 7 a[km: 1 {1} t&lnirmk si(hry: (vd[s) s>db< {2} (vvsi(hryn) (vbivni {3} (vvsi(hryni[ Birt)y si(hry pr p\biv {4} (vvsi(hry: si>akz(tk p(rbli[ {5} (vvsi(hry: simi(jk l[kn {1} (vvsi(hry (vs[ ³y*EY[ {2} (vvsi(hry (vs[ m[ y& aini[<ãd {3} (vvsi(hry (vs[ rv)ºwniy Tigi[r {4} (vvsi(hry (vs[ c>wki>t Ti[p)viLi 'e(dps F) (k>g": si[fi[kl)z {g\)k} 'hyvdn": (gr)s kni<d {kºnd} 3

12 ni[>f: nitki[n) t&lnimi> kyivat&, c(r#i(c#in, s>gp<, s>vid, t²tiliyk), vitivrn, simi(jk si>akz(tk B*(mkiai[, rcnir)(tni p(rp\[èymi> t&lni ap[(xt C[. 1. pr)k, F)$: 't&lnirmk si(hry", p\kisn: g&jrit y&(nv(s<t), amdivid, p\ym aivz(_i. 2. bipt, vs>t: {an&.: jyi mh[ti} 't&lnirmk si(hryi yis", p\kisk: a[s.a[n.d).t). y&(nv(s<t), m&>be p\ym aivz(_i. 3. ci]fr), EºWniY: 't&lnirmk si(hry k) B*(mki", n[snl p(¾l(s>g hius, 1983, nv) (dãh). 4. d[sie, a(vn: 't&lnirmk si(hryn) (dsimi>", (däyin>d p\kisn, d[sie, a(vn: 'a>g&l) (nd[<s", si(hry s>gm, bivis)d)n) S[r), p>ci[l) vid) sim[, s&rt, d[sie, c]tºy: 't&lnirmk si(hry-birt)y s>db<", y&(nv(s<t) g\>y (nmi<n bi[d<, amdivid d[sie, c]tºy: 't&lnirmk si(hry-(vd[s) s>db<", p\kisk: pi[t[, p\ym aivz(_i b\mbí, p\sid: 't&lnirmk si(hry: (süi>t an[ (v(nyi[g", y&(nv(s<t) g\>y(nmi<n bi[d, g&jrit rijy, amdivid, s[m[atr-2 p\âp#i: 9 {a} : t&lnirmk m¹ykil)n si(hry p[pr: 8 a[km: 1 {1} m¹ykil)n si(hryni p(rbli[ {2} m¹ykil)n si(hryn) lix(nktiai[ {3} m¹ykil)n si(hryni Av$pi[ {4} m¹ykil)n Birt)y B(kt si(hry {$pr[ki} {1} m¹ykil)n g&jrit) B(kt pr>pri {2} m¹ykil)n (hºd) B(kt pr>pri {3} m¹ykil)n g&jrit) Xinmig)< pr>pri {4} m¹ykil)n (hºd) Xinmig)< pr>pri 4

13 ni[>f: m)ri>: 'm)ri>ni pdi[" {g&jrit)} s*rdis: 's*rdisni pdi[" {(hºd)} m)ri>ni pdi[ an[ s*rdisni pdi[n) t&lni aivkiy< 1. ji[s), um>skir an[ b)ji: 'g&jrit) si(hryni[ e(this" g\>y-1 {E.s Y) 1450}, g&jrit) si(hry p(rpd amdivid, p&nm&<wn ji[s), um>skir an[ b)ji: 'g&jrit) si(hryni[ e(this" g\>y-2, K>D-1 {E.s Y) 1650}, g&jrit) si(hry p(rpd amdivid, p&nm&<wn ji[s), um>skir an[ b)ji: 'g&jrit) si(hryni[ e(this" g\>y-2, K>D-2 {E.s Y) 1850}, g&jrit) si(hry p(rpd amdivid, p&nm&<wn s>. Diˆ. ng[ºw an[ b)ji: '(hºd) si(hry ki e(this", n[snl p(¾l(s>g hius, (dãh), p\ym aivz(_i (m~, (vvniyp\sid: '(hºd) si(hry ki e(this", vin) (vtin p\kisn, virnis), #i)j aivz(_i pi>d[y, rij(ksi[r: '(hºd) si(hry ki u_ir m¹yy&g", (hºd) si(hry B>Dir, lkni], p\ym aivz(_i p\sid, kmli: 'm¹ykil)n rcni ai]r m*ãy", vin) p\kisn (dãh), p\ym aivz(_i ct&v[<d), rimav$p: '(hºd) kiäy ki e(this", li[kbirt) p\kisn, alihibid, p\ym aivz(_i s[m[atr-2 p\âp#i: 9 {b} : si(hrym)mi>si Big: 2 p[pr: 8 a[km: 1 k&ºtkni[ vk\i[(kt (vcir {1} vk\i[(kt (vs[ k&ºtkn) (vcirni jgºniyni[ rmn)ytini[ (vcir {1} rmn)yti (vs[ jgºniyn) (vcirni 5

14 k\i[c[ni[ a(bäy(ktvid {1} a(bäy(ktvid (vs[ k\i[>c[n) (vcirni kiºtn) si]>dy<m)mi>si {1} si]>dy<m)mi> (vs[ kiºtn) (vcirni 1. p>(dt, hr)s: 'si(hry: s>k[ti[ an[ s)miai[", piv< p(¾lk[sn, amdivid, p\ym aivz(_i pir[k, ng)ndis: 'vk\i[(kt J(vt-k&ºtkni[ kiäy(vcir", g&jrit si(hry akidm), gi>f)ngr, p\ym aivz(_i p\i[. tpav) niºd): 'Birt)y si(hrysia#in) (vcir pr>priai[", y&(nv(s<t) g\>y(nmi<n bi[d<, amdivid, tzt)y aivz(_i s>. vs&d[v piqk an[ b)ji: 's>akzt si(hryni[ e(this", piv< p(¾lk[sn, amdivid, p\ym aivz(_i s>. Diˆ. ng[ºw: 'Birt)y sm)xi", u_ir p\d[s g\>y akidm), lknv, p\ym s>akrn S&kl, rm[s m.: 's>akzt sm)xisia#i", p\v)n p&atk B>Dir, rijki[t, p\ym aivz(_i d[spi>d[, gn[s #y>bk {an&>. js>vt) dv[}: 'Birt)y si(hrysia#i", piv< p(¾lk[sn, amdivid, p\ym aivz(_i Sih, Diˆ. asi[k: 'piáiry kiäysia#i", jvihr p&atkily my&ri, p\ym aivz(_i pt[l, bh[crbie air.: 'piáiry si(hrym)mi>sini s)miat>bi[", y&(nv(s<t) g\>y(nmi<n bi[d<, g&jrit rijy amdivid, tzt)y aivz(_i {s>si[(ft} pt[l, m(nlil h.: 'si(hry m)mi>si", piv< p(¾lk[sn, amdivid, ci[y) s>v(f<t aivz(_i

15 s[m[atr-2 p\âp#i: 10 si(hry an[ t_vxin p[pr: 10 a[km: 1 t&lnirmk si(hryn&> a yisx[#i si(hry an[ t_vxin a[tl[ S&>? an[ b>n[ vµc[ni[ s>b>f t_vxin s>xi, s>k[t an[ Äyi²yiai[ t_vxinn) (v(vf SiKiai[ Birt)y t_v(c>tnn) pr>pri g\)k t_v(c>tnn) pr>pri t_vxin an[ Birt)y nvlkyiai[ t_vxin an[ Fm< (c#il[ki: Bgvt)crN vmi< {(hºd)} s>akir: y&.air. an>tm*(t< {kºnd} an&: hsm&k dv[ 1. g&¼t, aili[k: 'Birt)y upºyis k) avfirni ai]r rg&v)r ci]fr) ki szjn", r>goir p\kisn, minsi, (#iv[d), ysv>t: 'an[ si(hry", air. air. S[qn) k>pn), amdivid, vmi<, Bgvt)crN: (c#il[ki, rijkml p\kisn ny) (dãh), aiqv) aivz(_i: nigr, amztlil: aij k[ li[k(p\y (hºd) k(v-bgvt) crnvmi<, rijpil a[ºd sºs, (dãh) an>tm*(t<, y&. air.: s>akir: {an&. hsm&k dv[} aids< p\kisn, amdivid, mh[ti, Brt: {s>pi.}: Xinp)q p&rakzt nvlkyi, g&jrit si(hry akidm), gi>f)ngr,